Mineralization Density References

Ott, S. M.(2003). Bone Mineralization Density. Advances in Osteoporotic Fracture Management 2(2): 1-7.

Bloebaum, R. D.(1997). Determining mineral content variations in bone using backscattered electron imaging. Bone 20(5): 485-90.

Boivin, G. Y.(2000). Alendronate increases bone strength by increasing the mean degree of mineralization of bone tissue in osteoporotic women. Bone 27: 687-94.

Boivin, G.(2002). The degree of mineralization of bone tissue measured by computerized quantitative contact microradiography. Calcif Tissue Int 70: 503-11.

Boivin, G.(2002). Changes in bone remodeling rate influence the degree of mineralization of bone. Connect Tissue Res 43: 535-7.

Boivin, G.(2003). The mineralization of bone tissue: a forgotten dimension in osteoporosis research. Osteoporos Int 14 Suppl 3: S19-24.

Boyce, T. M.(1990). Reproducible methods for calibrating the backscattered electron signal for quantitative assessment of mineral content in bone. Scanning Microsc 4(3): 591-600; discussion 600-3.

Boyde, A.(1993). Stereology and histogram analysis of backscattered electron images: age changes in bone. Bone 14(3): 205-10.

Boyde, A.(1995). Mineral density quantitation of the human cortical iliac crest by backscattered electron image analysis: variations with age, sex, and degree of osteoarthritis. Bone 16(6): 619-27.

Boyde, A.(1998). Effect of estrogen suppression on the mineralization density of iliac crest biopsies in young women as assessed by backscattered electron imaging. Bone 22(3): 241-50.

Boyde, A.(1999). The Mineralization Density of Iliac Crest Bone from Children with Osteogenesis Imperfecta. Calcif Tissue Int 64(3): 185-190.

Burnell, J. M.(1982). Bone matrix and mineral abnormalities in postmenopausal osteoporosis. Metabolism 31(11): 1113-20.

Burr, D. B.(2003). Tissue mineralization is increased following 1-year treatment with high doses of bisphosphonates in dogs. Bone 33: 960-9.

Ciarelli, T. E.(2003). Effects of vertebral bone fragility and bone formation rate on the mineralization levels of cancellous bone from white females. Bone 32: 311-5.

Crofts, R. D.(1994). Aging changes in osteon mineralization in the human femoral neck. Bone 15(2): 147-52.

Currey, J. D.(1984). Effects of differences in mineralization on the mechanical properties of bone. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 304: 509-18.

Currey, J. D.(1999). The design of mineralised hard tissues for their mechanical functions. J Exp Biol 202 Pt 23: 3285-94.

Fratzl, P.(1994). Abnormal bone mineralization after fluoride treatment in osteoporosis: a small-angle x-ray-scattering study. J Bone Miner Res 9(10): 1541-9.

Fratzl, P.(1996). Effects of sodium fluoride and alendronate on the bone mineral in minipigs: a small-angle X-ray scattering and backscattered electron imaging study. J Bone Miner Res 11(2): 248-53.

Goldman, H. M.(1999). Correlative light and backscattered electron microscopy of bone--Part I: Specimen preparation methods. Scanning 21(1): 40-3.

Goldman, H. M.(2000). Correlative light and backscattered electron microscopy of bone--part II: automated image analysis. Scanning 22: 337-44.

Grynpas, M.(1993). Age and disease-related changes in the mineral of bone. Calcif Tissue Int 53 (Suppl 1): S57-S64.

Jones, S. J.(1999). The microscopic structure of bone in normal children and patients with osteogenesis imperfecta: a survey using backscattered electron imaging. Calcif Tissue Int 64(1): 8-17.

Kingsmill, V. J.(1999). Mineralization density and apparent density of bone in cranial and postcranial sites in the aging human. Osteoporos Int 9(3): 260-8.

Kneissel, M.(2001). Bone tissue and its mineralization in aged estrogen-depleted rats after long-term intermittent treatment with parathyroid hormone (PTH) analog SDZ PTS 893 or human PTH(1-34). Bone 28: 237-50.

Meunier, P. J.(1997). Bone mineral density reflects bone mass but also the degree of mineralization of bone: therapuetic implications. Bone 21: 373-377.

Misof, B. M.(2003). Effects of intermittent parathyroid hormone administration on bone mineralization density in iliac crest biopsies from patients with osteoporosis: a paired study before and after treatment. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 88: 1150-6.

Ott, S. (2002). Mineralization density is correlated with activation frequency in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. ASBMR 24th Annual Meeting: SU 332.

Parfitt, A. M.(1993). Bone age, mineral density, and fatigue damage. Calcif Tissue Int 53 Suppl 1: S82-5; discussion S85-6.

Reid, S. A.(1987). Changes in mineral density distribution in human bone with age: image analysis using backscattered electrons in the SEM. J Bone Miner Res 2: 13-22.

Roschger, P.(1995). A new scanning electron microscopy approach to the quantification of bone mineral distribution: backscattered electron image grey-levels correlated to calcium K alpha-line intensities. Scanning Microsc 9(1): 75-86; discussion 86-8.

Roschger, P.(1997). Mineralization of cancellous bone after alendronate and sodium fluoride treatment: a quantitative backscattered electron imaging study on minipig ribs. Bone 20(5): 393-7.

Roschger, P.(1998). Validation of quantitative backscattered electron imaging for the measurement of mineral density distribution in human bone biopsies [see comments]. Bone 23(4): 319-26.

Roschger, P.(2001). Alendronate increases degree and uniformity of mineralization in cancellous bone and decreases the porosity in cortical bone of osteoporotic women. Bone 29: 185-91.

Roschger, P.(2001). Influence of intermittent PTH treatment of mineral distribution in the human ilium. abstract, ASBMR 22nd meeting: 1170.

Roschger, P.(2003). Constant mineralization density distribution in cancellous human bone. Bone 32: 316-23.

Schaffler, M. B. (1995). Aging and matrix microdamage accumulation in human compact bone. Bone 17: 521-525.

Vajda, E. G.(1999). Age-related hypermineralization in the female proximal human femur. Anat Rec 255(2): 202-11.

Updated 1/19/04