Georgia O'Keeffe, Deer Skull with Pedernal.

COMPARATIVE VERT. ANATOMY - Biology 453

LECTURE NOTES

Autumn 2014

Notes will be added as the quarter proceeds.

Biol. 453 Home Page
Biol. 453 Lab Notes
Biol. 453 Photos
Biol. 453 Exam Page
My "Basic" Cladogram
Exam 1
4 What are the differences amongst fish skins?- see corrections on elasmodine & Ex. 4
 
Exam 2
12 What are the properties of skeletal muscle? & Ex. 12 & Gear Ratio Homework Key
10 What are the major changes in the axial skeleton? & Ex. 10 15 What adaptations were needed for terrestrial locomotion? & Ex. 15
16 Compare the flight of birds & bats. & Ex. 16
17 How was the oral cavity modified in vertebrate evolution? & Ex. 17
22 Compare the hearts & aortic arches of amniotes. & Ex. 22
18 What are the major changes in the GI tract in vert. evolution? & Ex. 18
23 How was the kidney modified during vertebrate evolution? & Ex. 23
19 Why are gills so efficient for respiration? & Ex. 19
24 How do male reproductive systems differ? & Ex. 24
20 What changes led to the origin & modification of lungs? & Ex. 20
25 How do female reproductive systems differ? & Ex. 25
21 Compare the hearts & aortic arches of fishes. & Ex. 21
26 How do eggs differ? Which vertebrates have placentae? & Ex. 26