Catenatives

(a string of two or more verbs, all but last of which have non-finite complements)

Ordinary ("Equi")
voice sensitive
no dummy Subj
Raising
voice neutral
dummy Subj
S
i
m
p
l
e

(with to-infinitive):
try, hope, refuse, demand, disdain, proceed,
 live, hate, forget, plot, seek, hasten, think, struggle,
 intend, like, pledge, stand
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
(with gerund-participial):
enjoy, like, escape, resume, finish, quit, resist,
postpone, miss, recall, risk, resent, welcome,
confess


(with bare infinitive):
help
(raised to Subject)
(with to-infinitive):
seem, likely, begin, tend, fail, happen, use
continue

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
(with gerund-participial):
begin, keep, go on, stop, end up, continue



(with past-participial): be, have, get

(with bare infinitive):
can, will , must, may
C
o
m
p
l
e
x

promise
(S-control), persuade, ask, request, instruct
force, help, urge, train, forbid, drive, warn,
select, lead, plan, pledge
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
(with gerund-participial):
hate, like, love, prefer

(with bare inifnitive):

help, see (etc.), have
(raised to Object)
expect, believe, desire, wish, invite, intend, allow, enable, declare, reveal, suspect, take, argue, allege, conjecture, know, say
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
(with gerund-participial):
prevent, excuse, prohibit

(with bare infinitive):
make, let