(For CC, c.2. Mostly drawn from John Taylor, Cognitive Grammar)

1. What do the following words profile? What is the base against which profiling
takes place? What are the broader domains against which the words are
understood? Assume that the words are nouns. For some of the words,
you might try to represent the concepts diagrammatically, in the manner of
Figure 2.1, drawing the profiles in bold.
	lid             	drawer
	gap            		portrait
	hole             	patch 
	spot           		edge
	corner                  tear (as in a torn piece of cloth)
	crack             	flash (of light)
	arc (of a circle)       orphan

2. It could be argued that on land and on the ground profile exactly the
same kind of location. The expressions differ, however, in how the location is
conceptualized (Fillmore 1979). Explain what the difference is. (It may be
useful to consider what the expressions might contrast with. If something is
not `on the ground', where might it be? If it is not `on land', where might it

3. Domain-based knowledge often contributes to the coherence of an utterance.
	(i)  I left the restaurant without paying the bill.
	(ii)  ? I left the cinema without paying the bill.                           `
(i) is easily interpreted, since the mention of a restaurant activates the
scenario associated with restaurants, one component of which is that the
customer, having eaten, is presented with the bill and is expected to pay it.
Notice that the definite noun phrase the bill refers specifically to the bill that
features in the scenario. (ii) is odd because paying a bill plays no role in the
cinema scenario.

Consider the following pairs of sentences. You will probably find that those
in (iii) are relatively easy to make sense of, those in (iv) less so. Explain the
difference in terms of the scenarios that are necessary for understanding the
sentence pairs, and the ease with which these scenarios are activated by
specific words or phrases.
	(iii) I'm sorry I'm late. I couldn't find my car keys.
	      I'm afraid the beer is warm. There was a power failure.
	(iv)  I'm sorry I'm late. There was a power failure.
              I'm afraid the beer is warm. I couldn't find my car keys.

4.Is the caption for Figure 2.1 correct?

5. Look up the framenet entries of cry and alleviatev. Do the different frames associated with the noun and verb forms of cry correspond to anything in world of Crying Baby 1.2? Discuss how these verbs and frames figure in the coherence of Crying Baby 1.2.