of I-695 is reported to have created a $750 million per year deficit
in the state transportation budget. Tim Eyman, a Mukilteo businessman
and I-695 and I-745 sponsor, was credited with running a campaign
in 1999 to repeal the state's Motor Vehicle Excise Tax (MVET) and
replace it with an annual vehicle registration fee (license fee)
of $30 for passenger cars, cabs, motor homes, travel trailers, motorcycles,
and other vehicles. Initiative 745 mandates that 90% of all state
and local transportation money must go to roads.
formula, brought to the ballot a year after I-695, only 10% of state
and local transportation dollars could legally go to public transportation.
The initiative requires that the remaining 90% of transportation
funds be spent entirely on road construction and repair. The initiative
has created particular controversy due to the funding of Tim Eyman's
I-745 campaign by road construction firms and lobbies.
The state legal
system has made recent decisions that may block the introduction
of such initiatives in future. The Washington State Supreme Court
issued an 8-1 decision on October 26, 2000 declaring the voter approval
portion of Initiative 695 unconstitutional. The Supreme Court ruling
on Amalgated Transit Unit Local 587 versus the State of Washington
upheld a March 2000 decision of the King County Superior Court against
I-695. Tim Eyman has avowed to pursue a new third initiative (I-722),
the "son of I-645" as Eyman has labeled it, concerning
the voter approval portion of I-695.
future court decisions, one of the most basic questions raised by
I-695 and I-745 in terms of taxation was that of a direction of
progressive or regressive taxation: the passage of I695 resulted
in a shift from moderately progressively to extremely regressive.
and potentially effects of I-695 and I-745 on issue of growth management
in Washington State are only beginning to be understood. Potential
local impacts include delays of road projects aimed at easing congestion,
creating and maintaining carpool lanes, and improving freight mobility.
it that the hardest hit, as a result of such initiatives, are new
cities, rural counties, local bus systems and state road and ferry
systems. Some Department of Transportation officials have said that
unless a new source of money is found, the state no longer be running
ferries by July 2002.
Agency Information Sources
Non-government Information Sources
Research and Service Center
Research & Services Center (MRSC) is a non-profit, independent
organization created in 1969 to continue programs established in
1934 under the Bureau of Governmental Research at the University
of Washington. The MRSC's mission is "working together for
excellence in local government through professional consultation,
research and information services."
State Transit Association
State Transit Association is a 501(c)(6) nonprofit corporation,
representing all 25 transit systems in the state and Washington
State Ferries. Its members include state and local agencies and
organizations, vendors, and consultants.
of the transit impacts of Initiative 745 is available at:
3. The Associated
The AGC opposed
I-695 but supported I-745.
Choices Coalition's mission to seek a better quality of life for
the people of Washington State, including clean air and clean water,
more parks, and vibrant and healthy communities.
5. No on I-745
I-745 have published a list of over 30 well-known NGOs in Washington
State who oppose I-745.
Offense website has collected a wide range of documentation and
evidence in support of Eyman's arguments and initiatives.
IV. What the Press Say
1. Seattle Times
Times has compiled an extensive website of press reports specifically
related to I-695.
Prepared by Nathaniel Trumbull and Professor Christine Bae. Last