Linguistics 471: Grammar Engineering
Preparation for Lab 3
- Determine whether your language has overt case, that is,
whether the nouns (and/or dependents of nouns, such as determiners and
adjectives) take different forms depending on the grammatical function
of the NP (subject, object). If so, collect information on the
relevant forms given the words in your lexicon:
- Which case is used for subjects? (Bearing in mind
that subjects of transitive and intransitive verbs might
be treated differently, i.e., you might be looking at
an ergative language.)
- Which case is used for objects?
- Do any of the verbs in your lexicon require a different
case on subject or object than the general pattern?
- How is case expressed morphologically?
- Does the form of the case morpheme depend on which
noun (or determiner or adjective) it attaches to? Find
the applicable forms for the nouns in your lexicon.
- Determine whether your language has agreement.
Consider person, number, gender, case, and definiteness,
and consider subject-verb and determiner-noun agreement.
If you don't find anything there, also consider adjective-noun
agreement (but if you have plenty to do with det-n and
subj-verb, don't worry about the adjectives!). If your
language has agreement, collect appropriate paradigms,
again focusing on the vocabulary you already have.
- If your language has no overt case and little if
any agreement, collect information on modification:
- Find three adjectives, and determine where they
appear within a noun phrase.
- Find three adverbs, and determine where they appear
within a sentence. (Different adverbs might have different
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