Note: You may not discuss the final with other students (until after everyone has turned it in). Please send any questions about the final directly to me (via email) rather than posting on Canvas. I will respond by email and post answers as appropriate on the Canvas. Please read the Canvas discussion.
Note 2: Finals will be graded exactly as turned in via Canvas. It is the student's responsibility to double check that the pdf file is correct and legible.
A. Draw a tree for the following sentence, using the grammar from the textbook (Appendix A, plus the answers to Ch 8 Problem 2 available through Canvas) and according to the instructions below. (NB: This problem is not only about long distance dependencies, but also about multiple phenomena involving the rules and principles of our grammar.)
B. Describe each step in the cascade of identities that link the INST value of the dish predication to the PREPARED value of prepare predication. Your answer should take the form of an enumerated list. Each item in the list should describe one step, i.e., state which features are required to have the same value and state which lexical entry, rule or principle of the grammar requires this.
I found 28 steps in this chain. You do not need to mention any lexical rules, nor any specific lexical types. Identities that come from either can be described as enforced by the lexical entries themselves. You should, however, account for identities required by the ARP (I found 9 of those).
Please format your answer as a table, following the example below, where I given you the first and last links in the chain, plus one from the middle. (NB: The assignment of members of the identity as 'first' and 'second' is arbitrary, and either order is acceptable. Similarly, the steps can be listed in any order, though the problem should be easier if you follow the chain step by step.)
[Middle given link updated on 12/11/17]
|Grammar entity (lex entry, phrase structure rule, principle)||First member of identity||Second member of identity|
|1.||Lexical entry for dish||The INDEX value of N dish||the INST value of the dish predication|
|N.||ARP||third element of the ARG-ST of the V expect||sole element of the COMPS list of the V expect|
|28.||Lexical entry for prepare||INDEX value of the second element of the ARG-ST of the V prepare||PREPARED value of the prepare predication|
A. For each word in the following sentence, list the lexical rules involved in licensing its word structure.
Check your work: Though there are 13 words in the sentence, they collectively represent 16 applications of lexical rules. One lexical rule is used 8 times.
B. Show the word structure for didn't as it appears in this sentence. Include the effects of the lexical rule(s) it undergoes as well as constraints inherited from types (e.g., those on auxv-lxm and its supertypes, as well as those on word). You don't need to show the RESTR values of the elements of the ARG-ST and valence lists or any other information that is underspecified by the combination of the lexical entry and lexcial rules but rather 'unifed in' from other parts of the tree.