Nutr 563: Autumn 2010
Nutrition in Acute Care

 

Supportive Research (All optional)

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General Topics  / Introduction

  • Alberda, C., Gramlich, L., Jones, N., Jeejeebhoy, K., Day, A. G., Dhaliwal, R., and Heyland, D. K.: The relationship between nutritional intake and clinical outcomes in critically ill patients: results of an international multicenter observational study Intensive Care Med 2009;35: .1728-37

  • Alexander, G. C. and Stafford, R. S.: Does comparative effectiveness have a comparative edge? JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 6-17-2009;301: .2488-90

  • Allen, K. J. and Martin, P. E.: Clinical aspects of pediatric food allergy and failed oral immune tolerance J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44: .391-401

  • Baldwin, C., Parsons, T., and Logan, S.: Dietary advice for illness-related malnutrition in adults Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2007;CD002008

  • Barsamian, A. M., Gregoire, M., Sowa, D., Lafferty, L., and Stone, M.: Timely resolution of patient concerns improves post-discharge satisfaction JADA 2010;110: .1346-50

  • Behara, A. S., Peterson, S. J., Chen, Y., Butsch, J., Lateef, O., and Komanduri, S.: Nutrition support in the critically ill: a physician survey JPEN 2008;32: .113-9

  • Bulow, H. H., Sprung, C. L., Reinhart, K., Prayag, S., Du, B., Armaganidis, A., Abroug, F., and Levy, M. M.: The world's major religions' points of view on end-of-life decisions in the intensive care unit Intensive Care Med 2008;34: .423-30

  • Cahill, N. E., Dhaliwal, R., Day, A. G., Jiang, X., and Heyland, D. K.: Nutrition therapy in the critical care setting: what is "best achievable" practice? An international multicenter observational study Crit Care Med 2010;38: .395-401

  • Camhi, S. L., Mercado, A. F., Morrison, R. S., Du, Q., Platt, D. M., August, G. I., and Nelson, J. E.: Deciding in the dark: advance directives and continuation of treatment in chronic critical illness Crit Care Med 2009;37: .919-25

  • Conway, P. H. and Clancy, C.: Comparative-effectiveness research--implications of the Federal Coordinating Council's report NEJM 7-23-2009;361: .328-30

  • del Giudice, M. M., Leonardi, S., Maiello, N., and Brunese, F. P.: Food allergy and probiotics in childhood J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44 Suppl 1: S22-S25

  • Dobler, C. C. and Marks, G. B.: Medical decision making at the individual patient level Archives of Internal Medicine 7-26-2010;170: .1275-6

  • Doig, G. S., Simpson, F., Finfer, S., Delaney, A., Davies, A. R., Mitchell, I., and Dobb, G.: Effect of evidence-based feeding guidelines on mortality of critically ill adults: a cluster randomized controlled trial JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 12-17-2008;300: .2731-41

  • Duenas-Laita, A., Pineda, F., and Armentia, A.: Hypersensitivity to generic drugs with soybean oil NEJM 9-24-2009;361: .1317-8

  • Franklin, G. M. and Budenholzer, B. R.: Implementing evidence-based health policy in Washington State NEJM 10-29-2009;361: .1722-5

  • Geppert, C. M., Andrews, M. R., and Druyan, M. E.: Ethical issues in artificial nutrition and hydration: a review JPEN 2010;34: .79-88

  • Giacomini, M., Cook, D., and DeJean, D.: Life support decision making in critical care: Identifying and appraising the qualitative research evidence Crit Care Med 2009;37: .1475-82

  • Gupta, R. S., Springston, E. E., Kim, J. S., Smith, B., Pongracic, J. A., Wang, X., and Holl, J.: Food allergy knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of primary care physicians   

  • Halpern, N. A. and Pastores, S. M.: Critical care medicine in the United States 2000-2005: an analysis of bed numbers, occupancy rates, payer mix, and costs Crit Care Med 2010;38: .65-71

  • Hebert, P. C., Cook, D. J., Wells, G., and Marshall, J.: The design of randomized clinical trials in critically ill patients Chest 2002;121: .1290-300

  • Heiss, C. J., Goldberg, L., and Dzarnoski, M.: Registered dietitians and speech-language pathologists: an important partnership in Dysphagia management JADA 2010;110: .1290, 1292-0, 1293

  • Heyland, D. K., Dhaliwal, R., Suchner, U., and Berger, M. M.: Antioxidant nutrients: a systematic review of trace elements and vitamins in the critically ill patient Intensive Care Med 2005;31: .327-37

  • Iglehart, J. K.: Prioritizing comparative-effectiveness research--IOM recommendations NEJM 7-23-2009;361: .325-8

  • Jones, N. E. and Heyland, D. K.: Implementing nutrition guidelines in the critical care setting: a worthwhile and achievable goal? JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 12-17-2008;300: .2798-9

  • Jones, Naomi E. and Heyland, Daren K.: Pharmaconutrition: a new emerging paradigm. [Miscellaneous Article] Current Opinion in Gastroenterology 2008;24: .215-22

  • Kanji, S. and Chant, C.: Allergic and hypersensitivity reactions in the intensive care unit Crit Care Med 2010;38: S162-S168

  • Lack, Gideon: Food Allergy NEJM 9-18-2008;359: .1252-60

  • Lanham-New, S., Vieth, R., and Heaney, R.: Vitamin D2 and vitamin D3 comparisons: fundamentally flawed study methodology AJCN 9-1-2010;

  • Lipscomb, R.: Understanding the patient-centered medical home JADA 2009;109: .1507-8

  • Luce, J. M.: A history of resolving conflicts over end-of-life care in intensive care units in the United States Crit Care Med 2010;38: .1623-9

  • McCabe-Sellers, B. J. and Skipper, A.: Position of the American Dietetic Association: integration of medical nutrition therapy and pharmacotherapy JADA 2010;110: .950-6

  • McCauley, S. M. and Hager, M. H.: Why are therapeutic diet orders an issue now and what does it have to do with legal scope of practice? JADA 2009;109: .1515-9

  • Meissner, A., Genga, K. R., Studart, F. S., Settmacher, U., Hofmann, G., Reinhart, K., and Sakr, Y.: Epidemiology of and factors associated with end-of-life decisions in a surgical intensive care unit Crit Care Med 2010;38: .1060-8

  • Moreno, R. P., Rhodes, A., and Donchin, Y.: Patient safety in intensive care medicine: the Declaration of Vienna Intensive Care Med 2009;35: .1667-72

  • Mullin, G. E., Swift, K. M., Lipski, L., Turnbull, L. K., and Rampertab, S. D.: Testing for food reactions: the good, the bad, and the ugly NCP 2010;25: .192-8

  • Pietras, S. M., Obayan, B. K., Cai, M. H., and Holick, M. F.: Vitamin D2 treatment for vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency for up to 6 years Archives of Internal Medicine 10-26-2009;169: .1806-8

  • Rubenfeld, G. D.: Improving clinical trials of long-term outcomes Crit Care Med 2009;37: S112-S116

  • Rumore, M. M., Roth, M., and Orfanos, A.: Dietary tyramine restriction for hospitalized patients on linezolid: an update NCP 2010;25: .265-9

  • Salluh, J. I. and Povoa, P.: Biomarkers as end points in clinical trials of severe sepsis: a garden of forking paths Crit Care Med 2010;38: .1749-51

  • Schneider, P. J.: Nutrition support teams: an evidence-based practice NCP 2006;21: .62-7

  • Schultz, M. J. and Gajic, O.: Mandatory checklists at discharge may have the potential to prevent readmissions Crit Care Med 2010;38: .1226-7

  • Sempos, C. T. and Picciano, M. F.: The intention to treat principle, and the potential impact of excluding data from the analysis of clinical trial data J Nutr 2009;139: .1204-6

  • Sicherer, S. H. and Sampson, H. A.: Food allergy   

  • Sox, H. C. and Greenfield, S.: Comparative effectiveness research: a report from the Institute of Medicine Annals of Internal Medicine 8-4-2009;151: .203-5

  • Srinivas, P. R., Philbert, M., Vu, T. Q., Huang, Q., Kokini, J. L., Saltos, E., Chen, H., Peterson, C. M., Friedl, K. E., McDade-Ngutter, C., Hubbard, V., Starke-Reed, P., Miller, N., Betz, J. M., Dwyer, J., Milner, J., and Ross, S. A.: Nanotechnology research: applications in nutritional sciences J Nutr 2010;140: .119-24

  • Sriram, K. and Mizock, B. A.: Critical care nutrition: are the skeletons still in the closet? Crit Care Med 2010;38: .690-1

  • Tappenden, K. A.: Setting the standard in nutrition support NCP 2008;23: 365

  • Teitelbaum, D., Guenter, P., Howell, W. H., Kochevar, M. E., Roth, J., and Seidner, D. L.: Definition of terms, style, and conventions used in A.S.P.E.N. guidelines and standards NCP 2005;20: .281-5

  • Teters, J.: The patient-centered medical home: what is it and why it's important to dietetics practitioners JADA 2009;109: .1843-6

  • Tschudin-Sutter, S., Pargger, H., and Widmer, A. F.: Hand hygiene in the intensive care unit Crit Care Med 2010;38: S299-S305

  • Van, Way CW, III: On scientific writing JPEN 2007;31: .259-60

  • Voelker, R.: New item on pediatric menu: food allergy JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 2-10-2010;303: .497-8

  • Volpp, K. G. and Das, A.: Comparative effectiveness--thinking beyond medication A versus medication B NEJM 7-23-2009;361: .331-3

  • Winchester, D. E. and Bavry, A. A.: Limitations of the MEDLINE Database in Constructing Meta-analyses Ann.Intern Med 9-7-2010;153: .347-8

  • Wolkewitz, M., Beyersmann, J., and Schumacher, M.: A note on statistical association and causality derived from epidemiological ICU data Intensive Care Med 2010;36: 549

  • Writing Group for ASPEN: A.S.P.E.N. Guidelines: Specific Guidelines for Disease-Adults JPEN 1-1-2002;26S: .61SA-96SA

  • Zingg, W., Imhof, A., Maggiorini, M., Stocker, R., Keller, E., and Ruef, C.: Impact of a prevention strategy targeting hand hygiene and catheter care on the incidence of catheter-related bloodstream infections Crit Care Med 2009;37: .2167-73

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Assessment in Acute Care

  • Blood Chemistries.  IN: Moisio MA, Moisio EW: Understanding Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests. Delmar Publishers, Albany NY. 1998. (Supportive)

  • ADA Evidence Analysis Workgroup: EAL: Screening Comparison Chart 2007;  

  • Agarwal, A. K.: Anemia after intensive care unit stay: more questions than answers Crit Care Med 2009;37: .2108-9

  • Anderegg, Brent A., Worrall, Cathy, Barbour, English, Simpson, Kit N., and DeLegge, Mark: Comparison of Resting Energy Expenditure Prediction Methods With Measured Resting Energy Expenditure in Obese, Hospitalized Adults JPEN 3-1-2009;33: .168-75

  • Anthony, P. S.: Nutrition screening tools for hospitalized patients NCP 2008;23: .373-82

  • Antonelli, M., Levy, M., Andrews, P. J., Chastre, J., Hudson, L. D., Manthous, C., Meduri, G. U., Moreno, R. P., Putensen, C., Stewart, T., and Torres, A.: Hemodynamic monitoring in shock and implications for management : International Consensus Conference, Paris, France, 27-28 April 2006 Intensive Care Med 2-7-2007;

  • Arabi, Y. M., Haddad, S. H., Tamim, H. M., Rishu, A. H., Sakkijha, M. H., Kahoul, S. H., and Britts, R. J.: Near-target caloric intake in critically ill medical-surgical patients is associated with adverse outcomes JPEN 2010;34: .280-8

  • Bateman, A. P., McArdle, F., and Walsh, T. S.: Time course of anemia during six months follow up following intensive care discharge and factors associated with impaired recovery of erythropoiesis Crit Care Med 2009;37: .1906-12

  • Bauer, J. M., Kaiser, M. J., Anthony, P., Guigoz, Y., and Sieber, C. C.: The Mini Nutritional Assessment--its history, today's practice, and future perspectives NCP 2008;23: .388-96

  • Bittner, E. A., Martyn, J. A., George, E., Frontera, W. R., and Eikermann, M.: Measurement of muscle strength in the intensive care unit Crit Care Med 2009;37: S321-S330

  • Boullata, Joseph, Williams, Jennifer, Cottrell, Faith, Hudson, Lauren, and Compher, Charlene: Accurate Determination of Energy Needs in Hospitalized Patients JADA 2007;107: .393-401

  • Braithwaite, S. S.: Through the eyes of the A1C: a call to re-examine stress hyperglycemia Crit Care Med 2010;38: .717-9

  • Brent, J.: Poisoned patients are different--sometimes fat is a good thing Crit Care Med 2009;37: .1157-8

  • Chambers, M. A., Moylan, J. S., and Reid, M. B.: Physical inactivity and muscle weakness in the critically ill Crit Care Med 2009;37: S337-S346

  • Chang, Virginia W., Asch, David A., and Werner, Rachel M.: Quality of Care Among Obese Patients JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 4-7-2010;303: .1274-81

  • Charney P: Nutrition assessment in the intensive care unit: prealbumin, c-reactive protein, or none of the above? Support Line 2007;29: 13

  • Charney, P.: Nutrition screening vs nutrition assessment: how do they differ? NCP 2008;23: .366-72

  • Chima, C. S., etz-Seher, C., and Kushner-Benson, S.: Nutrition risk screening in acute care: a survey of practice NCP 2008;23: .417-23

  • Cohen, N. H.: The real reasons not to rely on severity scores Crit Care Med 2010;38: .334-5

  • Cooper, J. A., Watras, A. C., O'Brien, M. J., Luke, A., Dobratz, J. R., Earthman, C. P., and Schoeller, D. A.: Assessing validity and reliability of resting metabolic rate in six gas analysis systems JADA 2009;109: .128-32

  • Dandona, P., Chaudhuri, A., and Dhindsa, S.: Insulin infusion and hypoglycemia: clinical implications and prevention Crit Care Med 2010;38: .1490-1

  • De Keulenaer, B. L., De Waele, J. J., Powell, B., and Malbrain, M. L.: What is normal intra-abdominal pressure and how is it affected by positioning, body mass and positive end-expiratory pressure? Intensive Care Med 2009;35: .969-76

  • Dobratz, J. R., Sibley, S. D., Beckman, T. R., Valentine, B. J., Kellogg, T. A., Ikramuddin, S., and Earthman, C. P.: Predicting energy expenditure in extremely obese women JPEN 2007;31: .217-27

  • Druml, W.: ICU patients: fatter is better? Intensive Care Med 2008;34: .1961-3

  • Evans, W. J.: Skeletal muscle loss: cachexia, sarcopenia, and inactivity AJCN 2010;91: .1123S-7S

  • Fahy, B. G., Sheehy, A. M., and Coursin, D. B.: Glucose control in the intensive care unit Crit Care Med 2009;37: .1769-76

  • Falciglia, M., Freyberg, R. W., Almenoff, P. L., D'Alessio, D. A., and Render, M. L.: Hyperglycemia-related mortality in critically ill patients varies with admission diagnosis Crit Care Med 2009;37: .3001-9

  • Frankenfield, D.: Energy expenditure and protein requirements after traumatic injury NCP 2006;21: .430-7

  • Frankenfield, David, Hise, Mary, Malone, Ainsley, Russell, Mary, Gradwell, Erica, and Compher, Charlene: Prediction of Resting Metabolic Rate in Critically Ill Adult Patients: Results of a Systematic Review of the Evidence JADA 2007;107: .1552-61

  • Griffiths, R. D. and Hall, J. B.: Exploring intensive care unit-acquired weakness. Preface Crit Care Med 2009;37: S295

  • Higgins, T. L., Kramer, A. A., Nathanson, B. H., Copes, W., Stark, M., and Teres, D.: Prospective validation of the intensive care unit admission Mortality Probability Model (MPM0-III) Crit Care Med 2009;37: .1619-23

  • Hoher, J. A., Zimermann Teixeira, P. J., Hertz, F., and da S Moreira: A comparison between ventilation modes: how does activity level affect energy expenditure estimates? JPEN 2008;32: .176-83

  • Holdy, K. E.: Monitoring energy metabolism with indirect calorimetry: instruments, interpretation, and clinical application NCP 2004;19: .447-54

  • Jensen, G. L., Bistrian, B., Roubenoff, R., and Heimburger, D. C.: Malnutrition syndromes: a conundrum vs continuum JPEN 2009;33: .710-6

  • Jensen, G. L., Mirtallo, J., Compher, C., Dhaliwal, R., Forbes, A., Grijalba, R. F., Hardy, G., Kondrup, J., Labadarios, D., Nyulasi, I., Castillo Pineda, J. C., and Waitzberg, D.: Adult starvation and disease-related malnutrition: a proposal for etiology-based diagnosis in the clinical practice setting from the International Consensus Guideline Committee JPEN 2010;34: .156-9

  • Jesuit, C., Dillon, C., Compher, C., and Lenders, C. M.: A.S.P.E.N. clinical guidelines: nutrition support of hospitalized pediatric patients with obesity JPEN 2010;34: .13-20

  • Jindeel, A.: Vitamin K to correct overanticoagulation Ann.Intern Med 9-15-2009;151: 434

  • Keel, S. B. and Abkowitz, J. L.: The microcytic red cell and the anemia of inflammation NEJM 11-5-2009;361: .1904-6

  • Keith, J. N.: Bedside nutrition assessment past, present, and future: a review of the subjective global assessment NCP 2008;23: .410-6

  • King, D. R. and Velmahos, G. C.: Difficulties in managing the surgical patient who is morbidly obese Crit Care Med 2010;38: S478-S482

  • Krenitsky J: Indirect calorimetry: clinical applications in critically ill patients Support Line 2006;28: 13

  • Kreutziger, J., Wenzel, V., Kurz, A., and Constantinescu, M. A.: Admission blood glucose is an independent predictive factor for hospital mortality in polytraumatised patients Intensive Care Med 2009;35: .1234-9

  • Kumar, P. D.: Vitamin K to correct overanticoagulation Ann.Intern Med 9-15-2009;151: .434-5

  • Lee, P., Nair, P., Eisman, J. A., and Center, J. R.: Vitamin D deficiency in the intensive care unit: an invisible accomplice to morbidity and mortality? Intensive Care Med 2009;35: .2028-32

  • Lucidarme, O., Messai, E., Mazzoni, T., Arcade, M., and du, Cheyron D.: Incidence and risk factors of vitamin D deficiency in critically ill patients: results from a prospective observational study Intensive Care Med 2010;36: .1609-11

  • Luft, V. C., Beghetto, M. G., Castro, S. M., and de Mello, E. D.: Validation of a new method developed to measure the height of adult patients in bed NCP 2008;23: .424-8

  • Malbrain, M. L., De, Laet, I, Van, Regenmortel N., Schoonheydt, K., and Dits, H.: Can the abdominal perimeter be used as an accurate estimation of intra-abdominal pressure? Crit Care Med 2009;37: .316-9

  • Malbrain, M. L. and De, Laet, I: Do we need to know body anthropomorphic data whilst measuring abdominal pressure? Intensive Care Med 2010;36: .180-2

  • Meynaar, I. A., van, Spreuwel M., Tangkau, P. L., Dawson, L., Sleeswijk, Visser S., Rijks, L., and Vlieland, T. V.: Accuracy of AccuChek glucose measurement in intensive care patients Crit Care Med 2009;37: .2691-6

  • Michalia, M., Kompoti, M., Koutsikou, A., Paridou, A., Giannopoulou, P., Trikka-Graphakos, E., and Clouva-Molyvdas, P.: Diabetes mellitus is an independent risk factor for ICU-acquired bloodstream infections Intensive Care Med 2009;35: .448-54

  • Millward, D. Joe: Sufficient protein for our elders? AJCN 11-1-2008;88: .1187-8

  • Molfino, A., Cascino, A., Conte, C., Ramaccini, C., Rossi, Fanelli F., and Laviano, A.: Caloric restriction and L-carnitine administration improves insulin sensitivity in patients with impaired glucose metabolism JPEN 2010;34: .295-9

  • Ness-Abramof, R. and Apovian, C. M.: Waist circumference measurement in clinical practice NCP 2008;23: .397-404

  • Paolini, J. B., Mancini, J., Genestal, M., Gonzalez, H., McKay, R. E., Samii, K., and Fourcade, O. A.: Predictive value of abdominal obesity vs. body mass index for determining risk of intensive care unit mortality Crit Care Med 2010;38: .1308-14

  • Pendleton, R. C. and Vazquez, S.: Vitamin K to correct overanticoagulation Ann.Intern Med 9-15-2009;151: .433-4

  • Pengo, V., Denas, G., and Jose, S. P.: Vitamin K to correct overanticoagulation Ann.Intern Med 9-15-2009;151: 433

  • Pettila, V.: Tomatoes, cadmium, and death in the critically ill--time for a new approach in mortality prediction? Crit Care Med 2009;37: .1149-50

  • Pidcoke, H. F., Wade, C. E., Mann, E. A., Salinas, J., Cohee, B. M., Holcomb, J. B., and Wolf, S. E.: Anemia causes hypoglycemia in intensive care unit patients due to error in single-channel glucometers: methods of reducing patient risk Crit Care Med 2010;38: .471-6

  • Preiser, J. C., Devos, P., Ruiz-Santana, S., Melot, C., Annane, D., Groeneveld, J., Iapichino, G., Leverve, X., Nitenberg, G., Singer, P., Wernerman, J., Joannidis, M., Stecher, A., and Chiolero, R.: A prospective randomised multi-centre controlled trial on tight glucose control by intensive insulin therapy in adult intensive care units: the Glucontrol study Intensive Care Med 2009;35: .1738-48

  • Rice, M. J., Pitkin, A. D., Gravenstein, N., and Coursin, D. B.: Who says bedside glucose measurement is simple (or always accurate)? Crit Care Med 2010;38: 1013

  • Roffey, D. M., Byrne, N. M., and Hills, A. P.: Day-to-day variance in measurement of resting metabolic rate using ventilated-hood and mouthpiece & nose-clip indirect calorimetry systems JPEN 2006;30: .426-32

  • Schoeller, D. A.: Making indirect calorimetry a gold standard for predicting energy requirements for institutionalized patients JADA 2007;107: .390-2

  • Simon: Lessons learned in applying the nutrition care process to critically ill patients. Support Line 2009;31: .9-13

  • Spears, K. E., Kim, H., Behall, K. M., and Conway, J. M.: Hand-held indirect calorimeter offers advantages compared with prediction equations, in a group of overweight women, to determine resting energy expenditures and estimated total energy expenditures during research screening JADA 2009;109: .836-45

  • Stucky, C. C., Moncure, M., Hise, M., Gossage, C. M., and Northrop, D.: How accurate are resting energy expenditure prediction equations in obese trauma and burn patients? JPEN 2008;32: .420-6

  • Swaim, M. W. and Macik, B. G.: Vitamin K to correct overanticoagulation Ann.Intern Med 9-15-2009;151: .432-3

  • Tresley, J. and Sheean, P. M.: Refeeding syndrome: recognition is the key to prevention and management JADA 2008;108: .2105-8

  • van Munster, B. C. and de Rooij, S. E.: Hospitalization and cognitive function in older adults JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 6-2-2010;303: .2137-8

  • Vincent, J. L. and Norrenberg, M.: Intensive care unit-acquired weakness: framing the topic Crit Care Med 2009;37: S296-S298

  • Vincent, J. L.: Blood glucose control in 2010: 110 to 150 mg/dL and minimal variability Crit Care Med 2010;38: .993-5

  • Vincent, J. L., Opal, S. M., and Marshall, J. C.: Ten reasons why we should NOT use severity scores as entry criteria for clinical trials or in our treatment decisions Crit Care Med 2010;38: .283-7

  • Vlkova, A., Dostal, P., Musil, F., Smahelova, A., Zadak, Z., and Cerny, V.: Blood and tissue glucose level in critically ill patients: a comparison of different methods of measuring interstitial glucose levels Intensive Care Med 2009;35: 1318

  • Wells, J. C., Williams, J. E., Haroun, D., Fewtrell, M. S., Colantuoni, A., and Siervo, M.: Aggregate predictions improve accuracy when calculating metabolic variables used to guide treatment AJCN 2009;89: .491-9

  • Winfield, R. D., Delano, M. J., Dixon, D. J., Schierding, W. S., Cendan, J. C., Lottenberg, L., Lopez, M. C., Baker, H. V., Cobb, J. P., Moldawer, L. L., Maier, R. V., and Cuschieri, J.: Differences in outcome between obese and nonobese patients following severe blunt trauma are not consistent with an early inflammatory genomic response Crit Care Med 2010;38: .51-8

  • Writing Group of the NCP: Nutrition care process and model part I: the 2008 update JADA 2008;108: .1113-7

  • Writing Group of the NCP: Nutrition care process part II: using the International Dietetics and Nutrition Terminology to document the nutrition care process JADA 2008;108: .1287-93

  • Yamada, Kohsuke, Furuya, Ryuichi, Takita, Takako, Maruyama, Yukitaka, Yamaguchi, Yuri, Ohkawa, Sakae, and Kumagai, Hiromichi: Simplified nutritional screening tools for patients on maintenance hemodialysis AJCN 1-1-2008;87: .106-13

  • Zauner, A., Schneeweiss, B., Kneidinger, N., Lindner, G., and Zauner, C.: Weight-adjusted resting energy expenditure is not constant in critically ill patients Intensive Care Med 2006;32: .428-34

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Burns

  • Berger, M. M.: Antioxidant micronutrients in major trauma and burns: evidence and practice NCP 2006;21: .438-49

  • Berger, M. M., Baines, M., Raffoul, W., Benathan, M., Chiolero, R. L., Reeves, C., Revelly, J. P., Cayeux, M. C., Senechaud, I., and Shenkin, A.: Trace element supplementation after major burns modulates antioxidant status and clinical course by way of increased tissue trace element concentrations AJCN 2007;85: .1293-300

  • Berger, M. M., Binnert, C., Chiolero, R. L., Taylor, W., Raffoul, W., Cayeux, M. C., Benathan, M., Shenkin, A., and Tappy, L.: Trace element supplementation after major burns increases burned skin trace element concentrations and modulates local protein metabolism but not whole-body substrate metabolism AJCN 2007;85: .1301-6

  • Chung, K., Renz, E. M., Cancio, L. C., and Wolf, S.: Regarding critical care of the burn patient: the first 48 hours Crit Care Med 2010;38: .1225-6

  • Cree, M. G., Aarsland, A., Herndon, D. N., and Wolfe, R. R.: Role of fat metabolism in burn trauma-induced skeletal muscle insulin resistance Crit Care Med 2007;35: S476-S483

  • Foster, D. R., Gonzales, J. P., Amidon, G. L., and Welage, L. S.: Intestinal dipeptide absorption is preserved during thermal injury and cytokine treatment JPEN 2009;33: .520-8

  • Hart, D. W., Wolf, S. E., Chinkes, D. L., Beauford, R. B., Mlcak, R. P., Heggers, J. P., Wolfe, R. R., and Herndon, D. N.: Effects of early excision and aggressive enteral feeding on hypermetabolism, catabolism, and sepsis after severe burn J Trauma 2003;54: .755-61

  • Herndon, D. N. and Tompkins, R. G.: Support of the metabolic response to burn injury Lancet 6-5-2004;363: .1895-902

  • Jeschke, M. G., Boehning, D. F., Finnerty, C. C., and Herndon, D. N.: Effect of insulin on the inflammatory and acute phase response after burn injury Crit Care Med 2007;35: S519-S523

  • Kompoti, M. G. and Michalia, M. G.: Critical care of the burn patient: the first 48 hours Crit Care Med 2010;38: .1391-2

  • Palmieri, T. L.: Intensive insulin therapy: are burns different? Crit Care Med 2010;38: .1496-7

  • Pidcoke, H. F., Wade, C. E., and Wolf, S. E.: Insulin and the burned patient Crit Care Med 2007;35: S524-S530

  • Prelack, K., Dylewski, M., and Sheridan, R. L.: Practical guidelines for nutritional management of burn injury and recovery Burns 2007;33: .14-24

  • Sefton, E. J., Boulton-Jones, J. R., Anderton, D., Teahon, K., and Knights, D. T.: Enteral feeding in patients with major burn injury: the use of nasojejunal feeding after the failure of nasogastric feeding Burns 2002;28: .386-90

  • Wasiak, J., Cleland, H., and Jeffery, R.: Early versus delayed enteral nutrition support for burn injuries Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2006;3: CD005489

  • Wasiak, J., Cleland, H., and Jeffery, R.: Early versus late enteral nutritional support in adults with burn injury: a systematic review J Hum.Nutr.Diet. 2007;20: .75-83

  • Wischmeyer, P. E., Lynch, J., Liedel, J., Wolfson, R., Riehm, J., Gottlieb, L., and Kahana, M.: Glutamine administration reduces Gram-negative bacteremia in severely burned patients: a prospective, randomized, double-blind trial versus isonitrogenous control Crit Care Med 2001;29: .2075-80

Cancer Cachexia and Cancer Therapy

  • Abd El-Atti, S., Wasicek, K., Mark, S., and Hegazi, R.: Use of probiotics in the management of chemotherapy-induced diarrhea: a case study JPEN 2009;33: .569-70

  • ADA: ADA Cancer Cachexia 9-16-2009;  

  • August, D. A. and Huhmann, M. B.: A.S.P.E.N. clinical guidelines: nutrition support therapy during adult anticancer treatment and in hematopoietic cell transplantation JPEN 2009;33: .472-500

  • Banh L and Panter E: Barriers to Enteral Nutrition in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Patients Support Line 8-1-2008;30: 3

  • Borek, C.: Antioxidants and radiation therapy J Nutr 2004;134: .3207S-9S

  • Bozzetti, F.: Re: A.S.P.E.N. clinical guidelines: nutrition support therapy during adult anticancer treatment and in hematopoietic cell transplantation JPEN 2010;34: 455

  • Bozzetti, Federico and Mariani, Luigi: Defining and Classifying Cancer Cachexia: A Proposal by the SCRINIO Working Group JPEN 7-1-2009;33: .361-7

  • D'Andrea, G. M.: Use of antioxidants during chemotherapy and radiotherapy should be avoided   

  • Davies, A. A., Davey, Smith G., Harbord, R., Bekkering, G. E., Sterne, J. A., Beynon, R., and Thomas, S.: Nutritional interventions and outcome in patients with cancer or preinvasive lesions: systematic review JNCI 7-19-2006;98: .961-73

  • Deans, D. A., Tan, B. H., Ross, J. A., Rose-Zerilli, M., Wigmore, S. J., Howell, W. M., Grimble, R. F., and Fearon, K. C.: Cancer cachexia is associated with the IL10 -1082 gene promoter polymorphism in patients with gastroesophageal malignancy AJCN 2009;89: .1164-72

  • Genton, Laurence and Pichard, Claude: Do Obese Patients Have Specific Nutrition Goals in Cases of Cancer? JPEN 7-1-2009;33: .442-3

  • Hesketh, Paul J.: Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting NEJM 6-5-2008;358: .2482-94

  • Huhmann, M. B. and August, D. A.: Review of American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ASPEN) Clinical Guidelines for Nutrition Support in Cancer Patients: nutrition screening and assessment NCP 2008;23: .182-8

  • Huhmann, M. B. and August, D. A.: Nutrition support in surgical oncology NCP 2009;24: .520-6

  • Isenring, E. A., Bauer, J. D., and Capra, S.: Nutrition support using the American Dietetic Association medical nutrition therapy protocol for radiation oncology patients improves dietary intake compared with standard practice JADA 2007;107: .404-12

  • Lawenda, Brian D., Kelly, Kara M., Ladas, Elena J., Sagar, Stephen M., Vickers, Andrew, and Blumberg, Jeffrey B.: Should Supplemental Antioxidant Administration Be Avoided During Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy? JNCI 6-4-2008;100: .773-83

  • Li, D., Morris, J. S., Liu, J., Hassan, M. M., Day, R. S., Bondy, M. L., and Abbruzzese, J. L.: Body mass index and risk, age of onset, and survival in patients with pancreatic cancer JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 6-24-2009;301: .2553-62

  • Lieffers, J. R., Mourtzakis, M., Hall, K. D., McCargar, L. J., Prado, C. M., and Baracos, V. E.: A viscerally driven cachexia syndrome in patients with advanced colorectal cancer: contributions of organ and tumor mass to whole-body energy demands AJCN 2009;89: .1173-9

  • Miller, A. C. and Elamin, E. M.: Use of probiotics for treatment of chemotherapy-induced diarrhea: is it a myth? JPEN 2009;33: .573-4

  • Namendys-Silva, S. A. and Herrera-Gomez, A.: Organ dysfunction in patients with cancer admitted to the intensive care unit Crit Care Med 2010;38: .1232-3

  • Savage, Liz: Antioxidant Supplements May Lessen Benefit of Radiation and Chemotherapy JNCI 6-4-2008;100: .755-a

  • Smalley, K. S. and Sondak, V. K.: Melanoma--an unlikely poster child for personalized cancer therapy NEJM 8-26-2010;363: .876-8

  • Torino J: Parenteral nutrition in adult hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: the evolution of clinical practice Support Line 2006;28: 3

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Critical Care

Back to Top

  • ADA Evidence Analysis Workgroup: EAL: Critical Illness 2008;http://www.adaevidencelibrary.com/topic.cfm?cat=3050  

  • ADA Evidence Analysis Workgroup: EAL: Critical Illness - REE 2009;ADA_EAL_CriticalIllness_REE_09.pdf  

  • Aird, W. C.: The role of the endothelium in severe sepsis and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome Blood 5-15-2003;101: .3765-77

  • Ali, N. A., O'Brien, J. M., Jr., Dungan, K., Phillips, G., Marsh, C. B., Lemeshow, S., Connors, A. F., Jr., and Preiser, J. C.: Glucose variability and mortality in patients with sepsis Crit Care Med 2008;36: .2316-21

  • American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (: Clinical Guidelines for the Use of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition in Adult and Pediatric Patients, 2009 JPEN 5-1-2009;33: .255-9

  • Annane, D.: Improving clinical trials in the critically ill: unique challenge--sepsis Crit Care Med 2009;37: S117-S128

  • Annane, D., Cariou, A., Maxime, V., Azoulay, E., D'honneur, G., Timsit, J. F., Cohen, Y., Wolf, M., Fartoukh, M., Adrie, C., Santre, C., Bollaert, P. E., Mathonet, A., Amathieu, R., Tabah, A., Clec'h, C., Mayaux, J., Lejeune, J., and Chevret, S.: Corticosteroid treatment and intensive insulin therapy for septic shock in adults: a randomized controlled trial JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 1-27-2010;303: .341-8

  • Bai, Y., Sun, L., Yang, T., Sun, K., Chen, J., and Hui, R.: Increase in fasting vascular endothelial function after short-term oral L-arginine is effective when baseline flow-mediated dilation is low: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials AJCN 2009;89: .77-84

  • Barie, P. S.: Surviving sepsis: something doing by doing something Crit Care Med 2010;38: .1209-10

  • Barth, E., Albuszies, G., Baumgart, K., Matejovic, M., Wachter, U., Vogt, J., Radermacher, P., and Calzia, E.: Glucose metabolism and catecholamines Crit Care Med 2007;35: S508-S518

  • Berger, M. M. and Chiolero, R. L.: Antioxidant supplementation in sepsis and systemic inflammatory response syndrome Crit Care Med 2007;35: S584-S590

  • Betrosian, A. P., Memos, N., Theoddossiades, G., and Douzinas, E. E.: Protein C concentrate in adult septic patients Intensive Care Med 2008;34: 1932

  • Biesalski, H. K. and McGregor, G. P.: Antioxidant therapy in critical care--is the microcirculation the primary target? Crit Care Med 2007;35: S577-S583

  • Biolo, G., Antonione, R., and De, Cicco M.: Glutathione metabolism in sepsis Crit Care Med 2007;35: S591-S595

  • Biolo, Gianni, Ciocchi, Beniamino, Stulle, Manuela, Bosutti, Alessandra, Barazzoni, Rocco, Zanetti, Michela, Antonione, Raffaella, Lebenstedt, Marion, Platen, Petra, Heer, Martina, and Guarnieri, Gianfranco: Calorie restriction accelerates the catabolism of lean body mass during 2 wk of bed rest AJCN 8-1-2007;86: .366-72

  • Bistrian, B. R. and McCowen, K. C.: Nutritional and metabolic support in the adult intensive care unit: key controversies Crit Care Med 2006;34: .1525-31

  • Blondet, J. J. and Beilman, G. J.: Glycemic control and prevention of perioperative infection Curr.Opin.Crit Care 2007;13: .421-7

  • Boitano, M.: Hypocaloric feeding of the critically ill NCP 2006;21: .617-22

  • Braithwaite, S. S.: Glucose control in critically ill patients NEJM 7-2-2009;361: .89-90

  • Burton: New Therapy for Sepsis Infections Raises Hope but Many Questions Wall Street Journal 8-14-2008;

  • Burton: Study Criticizes Glucose Therapy Popular in ICUs Wall Street Journal 8-27-2008;

  • Callahan, L. A. and Supinski, G. S.: Sepsis-induced myopathy Crit Care Med 2009;37: S354-S367

  • Castellanos-Ortega, A., Suberviola, B., Garcia-Astudillo, L. A., Holanda, M. S., Ortiz, F., Llorca, J., and Delgado-Rodriguez, M.: Impact of the Surviving Sepsis Campaign protocols on hospital length of stay and mortality in septic shock patients: results of a three-year follow-up quasi-experimental study Crit Care Med 2010;38: .1036-43

  • Cinel, I. and Opal, S. M.: Molecular biology of inflammation and sepsis: a primer Crit Care Med 2009;37: .291-304

  • Clark K: Hyerglycemia management in the intensive care unit Support Line 2006;28: 20

  • Collier, Bryan R., Giladi, Aviram, Dossett, Lesly A., Dyer, Lindsay, Fleming, Sloan B., and Cotton, Bryan A.: Impact of High-Dose Antioxidants on Outcomes in Acutely Injured Patients JPEN 7-1-2008;32: .384-8

  • Comi, R. J.: Glucose control in the intensive care unit: a roller coaster ride or a swinging pendulum? Annals of Internal Medicine 6-2-2009;150: .809-11

  • Deigner, H. P. and Kohl, M.: The molecular sepsis signature Crit Care Med 2009;37: .1137-8

  • Dellinger, R. P., Carlet, J. M., Masur, H., Gerlach, H., Calandra, T., Cohen, J., Gea-Banacloche, J., Keh, D., Marshall, J. C., Parker, M. M., Ramsay, G., Zimmerman, J. L., Vincent, J. L., and Levy, M. M.: Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines for management of severe sepsis and septic shock Intensive Care Med 2004;30: .536-55

  • Dellinger, R. P., Levy, M. M., Carlet, J. M., Bion, J., Parker, M. M., Jaeschke, R., Reinhart, K., Angus, D. C., Brun-Buisson, C., Beale, R., Calandra, T., Dhainaut, J. F., Gerlach, H., Harvey, M., Marini, J. J., Marshall, J., Ranieri, M., Ramsay, G., Sevransky, J., Thompson, B. T., Townsend, S., Vender, J. S., Zimmerman, J. L., and Vincent, J. L.: Surviving Sepsis Campaign: international guidelines for management of severe sepsis and septic shock: 2008 Intensive Care Med 2008;34: .17-60

  • den Uil, C. A., Lagrand, W. K., Brugts, J. J., and Spronk, P. E.: Microcirculation and multi-organ failure in patients with sepsis Intensive Care Med 2008;34: 2304

  • Derive, M. and Gibot, S.: Osteopontin in sepsis: any role? Intensive Care Med 2008;34: .2134-5

  • Doig G: ACP Journal Club. Implementation of an evidence-based feeding guideline did not reduce mortality in intensive care units Annals of Internal Medicine 5-19-2009;150: .JC5-13

  • Draisma, A., Pickkers, P., Bouw, M. P., and van der Hoeven, J. G.: Development of endotoxin tolerance in humans in vivo Crit Care Med 2009;37: .1261-7

  • Dressler, D. D. and Jaffer, A. K.: ACP Journal Club. Selective decontamination of the digestive tract and selective oropharyngeal decontamination reduced mortality in the ICU Annals of Internal Medicine 5-19-2009;150: JC5

  • Duska, F., Fric, M., Waldauf, P., Pazout, J., Andel, M., Mokrejs, P., Tuma, P., and Pachl, J.: Frequent intravenous pulses of growth hormone together with glutamine supplementation in prolonged critical illness after multiple trauma: effects on nitrogen balance, insulin resistance, and substrate oxidation Crit Care Med 2008;36: .1707-13

  • Eslami, S., Abu-Hanna, A., de, Jonge E., and de Keizer, N. F.: Tight glycemic control and computerized decision-support systems: a systematic review Intensive Care Med 2009;35: .1505-17

  • Eslami, S., Abu-Hanna, A., de Keizer, N. F., Bosman, R. J., Spronk, P. E., de, Jonge E., and Schultz, M. J.: Implementing glucose control in intensive care: a multicenter trial using statistical process control Intensive Care Med 2010;36: .1556-65

  • Esper DH: Permissive underfeeding in critical illness: what are the facts? Support Line 2007;29: 7

  • Esteban, A., Frutos-Vivar, F., and Anzueto, A.: Impact of body weight on critically ill patients: a heavy load!! Intensive Care Med 2008;34: .1964-5

  • Ferrando, A. A. and Wolfe, R. R.: Restoration of hormonal action and muscle protein Crit Care Med 2007;35: S630-S634

  • Finfer, S.: The Surviving Sepsis Campaign: robust evaluation and high-quality primary research is still needed Crit Care Med 2010;38: .683-4

  • Finfer, S.: The Surviving Sepsis Campaign: robust evaluation and high-quality primary research is still needed Intensive Care Med 2010;36: .187-9

  • Finfer, Simon and Delaney, Anthony: Tight Glycemic Control in Critically Ill Adults JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 8-27-2008;300: .963-5

  • Griffiths, R. D.: Glutamine and tight glycemic control: chicken or egg? Crit Care Med 2008;36: .1965-6

  • Hallas, P.: Glucose control in critically ill patients NEJM 7-2-2009;361: .91-2

  • Hermanides, J., Bosman, R. J., Vriesendorp, T. M., Dotsch, R., Rosendaal, F. R., Zandstra, D. F., Hoekstra, J. B., and DeVries, J. H.: Hypoglycemia is associated with intensive care unit mortality Crit Care Med 2010;38: .1430-4

  • Hermanides, J., Vriesendorp, T. M., Bosman, R. J., Zandstra, D. F., Hoekstra, J. B., and DeVries, J. H.: Glucose variability is associated with intensive care unit mortality Crit Care Med 2010;38: .838-42

  • Herndon, D. H. and Wernerman, J.: Brussels 2007 roundtable on metabolism in sepsis and multiple organ failure JPEN 2008;32: .1-5

  • Herndon, D. N. and Wernerman, J.: Metabolic support in sepsis and multiple organ failure Crit Care Med 2007;35: S435

  • Heyland, D. K.: In search of the magic nutraceutical: problems with current approaches J Nutr 2001;131: .2591S-5S

  • Hise, M. E., Halterman, K., Gajewski, B. J., Parkhurst, M., Moncure, M., and Brown, J. C.: Feeding practices of severely ill intensive care unit patients: an evaluation of energy sources and clinical outcomes JADA 2007;107: .458-65

  • Hoedemaekers, C. W., Klein Gunnewiek, J. M., and van der Hoeven, J. G.: Point-of-care glucose measurement systems should be used with great caution in critically ill intensive care unit patients Crit Care Med 2010;38: .339-40

  • Hogue, C. W., Jr., Stearns, J. D., Colantuoni, E., Robinson, K. A., Stierer, T., Mitter, N., Pronovost, P. J., and Needham, D. M.: The impact of obesity on outcomes after critical illness: a meta-analysis Intensive Care Med 2009;35: .1152-70

  • Huang, E. S., Zhang, Q., Gandra, N., Chin, M. H., and Meltzer, D. O.: The effect of comorbid illness and functional status on the expected benefits of intensive glucose control in older patients with type 2 diabetes: a decision analysis Annals of Internal Medicine 7-1-2008;149: .11-9

  • Iapichino, G., Albicini, M., Umbrello, M., Sacconi, F., Fermo, I., Pavlovich, R., Paroni, R., Bellani, G., Mistraletti, G., Cugno, M., Pesenti, A., and Gattinoni, L.: Tight glycemic control does not affect asymmetric-dimethylarginine in septic patients Intensive Care Med 2008;34: .1843-50

  • Inzucchi, Silvio E. and Siegel, Mark D.: Glucose Control in the ICU -- How Tight Is Too Tight? NEJM 3-24-2009;NEJMe0901507

  • Iribarren-Diarasarri, S., Aizpuru-Barandiaran, F., Munoz-Martinez, T., Loma-Osorio, A., Hernandez-Lopez, M., Ruiz-Zorrilla, J. M., Castillo-Arenal, C., Dudagoitia-Otaolea, J. L., Martinez-Alutiz, S., and Vinuesa-Lozano, C.: Health-related quality of life as a prognostic factor of survival in critically ill patients Intensive Care Med 2009;35: .833-9

  • Jeejeebhoy, K. N.: Permissive underfeeding of the critically ill patient NCP 2004;19: .477-80

  • Jencks, Stephen F., Williams, Mark V., and Coleman, Eric A.: Rehospitalizations among Patients in the Medicare Fee-for-Service Program NEJM 4-2-2009;360: .1418-28

  • Kahn, Jeremy M. and Bates, David W.: Improving Sepsis Care: The Road Ahead JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 5-21-2008;299: .2322-3

  • Karlsson, S., Varpula, M., Ruokonen, E., Pettila, V., Parviainen, I., la-Kokko, T. I., Kolho, E., and Rintala, E. M.: Incidence, treatment, and outcome of severe sepsis in ICU-treated adults in Finland: the Finnsepsis study Intensive Care Med 2007;33: .435-43

  • Kellum, J. A. and Uchino, S.: International differences in the treatment of sepsis: are they justified? JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 6-17-2009;301: .2496-7

  • Khoo, T. K. and Olsen, K. A.: Glucose control in critically ill patients NEJM 7-2-2009;361: .90-2

  • Kompoti, M., Michalia, M., and Clouva-Molyvdas, P. M.: Predictive ability of intra-abdominal pressure for ICU mortality Intensive Care Med 2009;35: 1650

  • Kost, G. J., Tran, N. K., Sifontes, J. R., Mecozzi, D. M., Louie, R. F., and Abad, V. J.: Point-of-care glucose testing in critically ill patients: visual logistics and a glycemic variability hypothesis Crit Care Med 2009;37: .2841-3

  • Kovalaske, M. A. and Gandhi, G. Y.: ACP Journal Club. Intensive glucose control increased risk for death and severe hypoglycemia in critically ill adults Annals of Internal Medicine 8-18-2009;151: JC2-JC5

  • Kovalaske, M. A. and Gandhi, G. Y.: ACP Journal Club. Review: Intensive insulin therapy increases risk for hypoglycemia but not mortality in critically ill adults Annals of Internal Medicine 8-18-2009;151: JC2-JC5

  • Krinsley, J. S.: Glycemic variability in critical illness and the end of Chapter 1 Crit Care Med 2010;38: .1206-8

  • Krinsley, J. S.: Moving closer to untangling a sweet web: hyperglycemia, diabetic status, and mortality in the critically ill Crit Care Med 2010;38: .295-6

  • Kutsogiannis, D. J. and Alberda, C.: Systemic inflammatory response syndrome, the link between subarachnoid hemorrhage and caloric balance JPEN 2010;34: .101-2

  • Lacherade, J. C., Jabre, P., Bastuji-Garin, S., Grimaldi, D., Fangio, P., Theron, V., Outin, H., and De, Jonghe B.: Failure to achieve glycemic control despite intensive insulin therapy in a medical ICU: incidence and influence on ICU mortality Intensive Care Med 2007;33: .814-21

  • Larsson, L.: Experimental animal models of muscle wasting in intensive care unit patients Crit Care Med 2007;35: S484-S487

  • Lau, Y. T., Oyen, L. J., Malinchoc, M., Arendt, C. J., and Barth, M. M.: A retrospective analysis on the impact of caloric intake on glycemic control in critically ill patients Intensive Care Med 2010;36: .725-6

  • Le, Gall, Jr.: The use of severity scores in the intensive care unit Intensive Care Med 2005;31: .1618-23

  • Lee, W. L. and Slutsky, A. S.: Sepsis and endothelial permeability NEJM 8-12-2010;363: .689-91

  • Levi, M.: Does sugar cause clotting? Intensive insulin treatment and activation of coagulation Crit Care Med 2008;36: .1657-8

  • Levy, M. M., Dellinger, R. P., Townsend, S. R., Linde-Zwirble, W. T., Marshall, J. C., Bion, J., Schorr, C., Artigas, A., Ramsay, G., Beale, R., Parker, M. M., Gerlach, H., Reinhart, K., Silva, E., Harvey, M., Regan, S., and Angus, D. C.: The Surviving Sepsis Campaign: results of an international guideline-based performance improvement program targeting severe sepsis Crit Care Med 2010;38: .367-74

  • Levy, M. M., Dellinger, R. P., Townsend, S. R., Linde-Zwirble, W. T., Marshall, J. C., Bion, J., Schorr, C., Artigas, A., Ramsay, G., Beale, R., Parker, M. M., Gerlach, H., Reinhart, K., Silva, E., Harvey, M., Regan, S., and Angus, D. C.: The Surviving Sepsis Campaign: results of an international guideline-based performance improvement program targeting severe sepsis Intensive Care Med 2010;36: .222-31

  • Luiking, Y. C., Poeze, M., Ramsay, G., and Deutz, N. E.: Reduced citrulline production in sepsis is related to diminished de novo arginine and nitric oxide production AJCN 2009;89: .142-52

  • Mackenzie, A.: Activated protein C for sepsis NEJM 3-25-2010;362: .1150-1

  • Malone: Glycemic control:  What does the evidence show? Support Line 2008;30: .2-8

  • Mancebo, J. and Antonelli, M.: Editors' comments on a new trial of activated protein C for persistent septic shock Intensive Care Med 2008;34: .1948-9

  • Manzanares, W., Biestro, A., Galusso, F., Torre, M. H., Manay, N., Pittini, G., Facchin, G., and Hardy, G.: Serum selenium and glutathione peroxidase-3 activity: biomarkers of systemic inflammation in the critically ill? Intensive Care Med 2009;35: .882-9

  • Martin, C. M., Doig, G. S., Heyland, D. K., Morrison, T., and Sibbald, W. J.: Multicentre, cluster-randomized clinical trial of algorithms for critical-care enteral and parenteral therapy (ACCEPT) CMAJ. 1-20-2004;170: .197-204

  • Martinez-Caro, L., Lorente, J. A., Marin-Corral, J., Sanchez-Rodriguez, C., Sanchez-Ferrer, A., Nin, N., Ferruelo, A., de, Paula M., Fernandez-Segoviano, P., Barreiro, E., and Esteban, A.: Role of free radicals in vascular dysfunction induced by high tidal volume ventilation Intensive Care Med 2009;35: .1110-9

  • Matarese, L. E., Dvorchik, I., Costa, G., Bond, G. J., Koritsky, D. A., Ferraris, R. P., Touger-Decker, R., O'Sullivan-Maillet, J. K., and Abu-Elmagd, K. M.: Pyridoxal-5'-phosphate deficiency after intestinal and multivisceral transplantation AJCN 2009;89: .204-9

  • Maxime, V., Siami, S., and Annane, D.: Metabolism modulators in sepsis: the abnormal pituitary response Crit Care Med 2007;35: S596-S601

  • McClave, Stephen A., Martindale, Robert G., Vanek, Vincent W., McCarthy, Mary, Roberts, Pamela, Taylor, Beth, Ochoa, Juan B., Napolitano, Lena, Cresci, Gail, the, A. S. P. E., and the American College of Critical Care Medicine: Guidelines for the Provision and Assessment of Nutrition Support Therapy in the Adult Critically Ill Patient:: Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.) JPEN 5-1-2009;33: .277-316

  • Menconi, M., Fareed, M., O'Neal, P., Poylin, V., Wei, W., and Hasselgren, P. O.: Role of glucocorticoids in the molecular regulation of muscle wasting Crit Care Med 2007;35: S602-S608

  • Menges, T., Konig, I. R., Hossain, H., Little, S., Tchatalbachev, S., Thierer, F., Hackstein, H., Franjkovic, I., Colaris, T., Martens, F., Weismuller, K., Langefeld, T., Stricker, J., Hempelmann, G., Vos, P. E., Ziegler, A., Jacobs, B., Chakraborty, T., and Bein, G.: Sepsis syndrome and death in trauma patients are associated with variation in the gene encoding tumor necrosis factor Crit Care Med 2008;36: 1456

  • Meyfroidt, G., Keenan, D. M., Wang, X., Wouters, P. J., Veldhuis, J. D., and Van den Berghe, G.: Dynamic characteristics of blood glucose time series during the course of critical illness: effects of intensive insulin therapy and relative association with mortality Crit Care Med 2010;38: .1021-9

  • Mizock, Barry A.: The Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome Disease-a-Month 2009;55: .476-526

  • Mohammedi, K., Roussel, R., and Marre, M.: Glucose control in critically ill patients NEJM 7-2-2009;361: .90-1

  • Morley, J. E., Thomas, D. R., and Wilson, M. M.: Cachexia: pathophysiology and clinical relevance AJCN 2006;83: .735-43

  • Murch, O., Collin, M., Hinds, C. J., and Thiemermann, C.: Lipoproteins in inflammation and sepsis. I. Basic science Intensive Care Med 2007;33: .13-24

  • Nguyen, N. Q., Chapman, M. J., Fraser, R. J., Bryant, L. K., Burgstad, C., Ching, K., Bellon, M., and Holloway, R. H.: The effects of sedation on gastric emptying and intra-gastric meal distribution in critical illness Intensive Care Med 2008;34: .454-60

  • Norbury, W. B., Jeschke, M. G., and Herndon, D. N.: Metabolism modulators in sepsis: propranolol Crit Care Med 2007;35: S616-S620

  • O'Keefe, Grant E. MD, Shelton, Marilyn RD CD CNSD, Cuschieri, Joseph MD, Moore, Ernest E. MD, Lowry, Stephen F. M., Harbrecht, Brain G. M., Maier, Ronald V. M., and the Host Response to Injury Collaborative Research Program *: Inflammation and the Host Response to Injury, a Large-Scale Collaborative Project: Patient-Oriented Research Core-Standard Operating Procedures for Clinical Care VIII-Nutritional Support of the Trauma Patient. [Article] J Trauma 2008;65: .1520-8

  • Olofsson, P. H., Berg, S., Ahn, H. C., Brudin, L. H., Vikstrom, T., and Johansson, K. J.: Gastrointestinal microcirculation and cardiopulmonary function during experimentally increased intra-abdominal pressure Crit Care Med 2009;37: .230-9

  • Oz, Helieh S., Chen, Theresa S., and Neuman, Manuela: Nutrition Intervention: A Strategy Against Systemic Inflammatory Syndrome JPEN 7-1-2009;33: .380-9

  • Pei, J. and Yi, D.: Glucose control in critically ill patients NEJM 7-2-2009;361: .90-2

  • Pluess, T. T., Hayoz, D., Berger, M. M., Tappy, L., Revelly, J. P., Michaeli, B., Carpentier, Y. A., and Chiolero, R. L.: Intravenous fish oil blunts the physiological response to endotoxin in healthy subjects Intensive Care Med 2007;33: .789-97

  • Posthouwer, D., de Graaf, M. J., Frederiks, M., Remijn, J. A., Rommes, J. H., Schultz, M. J., and Spronk, P. E.: Time dependent decrease in blood glucose levels after sampling potentially affects intensive insulin therapy in the intensive care unit Intensive Care Med 2009;35: .386-7

  • Pousman, Robert M., Pepper, Colleen, Pandharipande, Pratik, Ayers, Gregory D., Mills, Beth, Diaz, Jose, Collier, Brian, Miller, Rick, and Jensen, Gordon: Feasibility of Implementing a Reduced Fasting Protocol for Critically Ill Trauma Patients Undergoing Operative and Nonoperative Procedures JPEN 3-1-2009;33: .176-80

  • Preiser, J. C. and Devos, P.: Steps for the implementation and validationof tight glucose control Intensive Care Med 2007;33: .570-1

  • Preiser, J. C. and Devos, P.: Clinical experience with tight glucose control by intensive insulin therapy Crit Care Med 2007;35: S503-S507

  • Puntillo, K. A., Arai, S., Cohen, N. H., Gropper, M. A., Neuhaus, J., Paul, S. M., and Miaskowski, C.: Symptoms experienced by intensive care unit patients at high risk of dying Crit Care Med 8-12-2010;

  • Puri, V. K.: Solutions for care of patients with severe sepsis: where and how? Crit Care Med 2009;37: .1128-9

  • Ramirez, P., Ferrer, M., Gimeno, R., Tormo, S., Valencia, M., Piner, R., Menendez, R., and Torres, A.: Systemic inflammatory response and increased risk for ventilator-associated pneumonia: a preliminary study Crit Care Med 2009;37: .1691-5

  • Roberts: Understanding and applying evicence based guidelines in clinical practice. Support Line 2009;31: .16-21

  • Round Table: Metabolic support in sepsis and multiple organ failure. Proceedings of a roundtable conference. March 24-26, 2007. Brussels, Belgium Crit Care Med 2007;35: S435-S634

  • Rubulotta, F. M., Ramsay, G., Parker, M. M., Dellinger, R. P., Levy, M. M., and Poeze, M.: An international survey: Public awareness and perception of sepsis Crit Care Med 2009;37: .167-70

  • Saberi, F., Heyland, D., Lam, M., Rapson, D., and Jeejeebhoy, K.: Prevalence, incidence, and clinical resolution of insulin resistance in critically ill patients: an observational study JPEN 2008;32: .227-35

  • Sadhu, Archana R., Ang, Alfonso C., Ingram-Drake, Leslie A., Martinez, Dorothy S., Hsueh, Willa A., and Ettner, Susan L.: Economic Benefits of Intensive Insulin Therapy in Critically Ill Patients: The Targeted Insulin Therapy to Improve Hospital Outcomes (TRIUMPH) Project Diabetes Care 8-1-2008;31: .1556-61

  • Sakr, Y., Madl, C., Filipescu, D., Moreno, R., Groeneveld, J., Artigas, A., Reinhart, K., and Vincent, J. L.: Obesity is associated with increased morbidity but not mortality in critically ill patients Intensive Care Med 2008;34: .1999-2009

  • Shepherd: Feeding the trauma patient: case in point. Support Line 2009;31: .18-22

  • Silvestri, L., van Saene, H. K., Zandstra, D. F., Marshall, J. C., Gregori, D., and Gullo, A.: Impact of selective decontamination of the digestive tract on multiple organ dysfunction syndrome: systematic review of randomized controlled trials Crit Care Med 2010;38: .1370-6

  • Singer, M.: Mitochondrial function in sepsis: acute phase versus multiple organ failure Crit Care Med 2007;35: S441-S448

  • Singh, S. and Evans, T. W.: Organ dysfunction during sepsis Intensive Care Med 2006;32: .349-60

  • Sprung, C. L., Sakr, Y., Vincent, J. L., Le, Gall, Jr., Reinhart, K., Ranieri, V. M., Gerlach, H., Fielden, J., Groba, C. B., and Payen, D.: An evaluation of systemic inflammatory response syndrome signs in the Sepsis Occurrence in Acutely ill Patients (SOAP) study Intensive Care Med 2006;32: .421-7

  • Stapleton, R. D., Jones, N., and Heyland, D. K.: Feeding critically ill patients: what is the optimal amount of energy? Crit Care Med 2007;35: S535-S540

  • Stegenga, M. E., Vincent, J. L., Vail, G. M., Xie, J., Haney, D. J., Williams, M. D., Bernard, G. R., and van der Poll, T.: Diabetes does not alter mortality or hemostatic and inflammatory responses in patients with severe sepsis Crit Care Med 2010;38: .539-45

  • Suter, P. M. and Takala, J.: Science, medicine and industry: are we getting out of the black hole in sepsis research? Intensive Care Med 2008;34: .1950-4

  • Sweeney, D. A., Danner, R. L., Eichacker, P. Q., and Natanson, C.: Once is not enough: clinical trials in sepsis Intensive Care Med 2008;34: .1955-60

  • Tappy, L. and Chiolero, R.: Substrate utilization in sepsis and multiple organ failure Crit Care Med 2007;35: S531-S534

  • The NICE-SUGAR Study Investigators: Intensive versus Conventional Glucose Control in Critically Ill Patients NEJM 3-24-2009;NEJMoa0810625

  • Todd, S. R., Kozar, R. A., and Moore, F. A.: Nutrition support in adult trauma patients NCP 2006;21: .421-9

  • Torgersen, C., Dunser, M. W., Wenzel, V., Jochberger, S., Mayr, V., Schmittinger, C. A., Lorenz, I., Schmid, S., Westphal, M., Grander, W., and Luckner, G.: Comparing two different arginine vasopressin doses in advanced vasodilatory shock: a randomized, controlled, open-label trial Intensive Care Med 2010;36: .57-65

  • Ukleja, A.: Altered GI motility in critically Ill patients: current understanding of pathophysiology, clinical impact, and diagnostic approach NCP 2010;25: .16-25

  • Van den Berghe, G., Bouillon, R., and Mesotten, D.: Glucose control in critically ill patients NEJM 7-2-2009;361: .89-2

  • Van den Berghe, G.: Should glucocorticoid-induced hyperglycemia be treated in patients with septic shock? JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 1-27-2010;303: .365-6

  • Van den Berghe, Greet, Wouters, Pieter, Weekers, Frank, Verwaest, Charles, Bruyninckx, Frans, Schetz, Miet, Vlasselaers, Dirk, Ferdinande, Patrick, Lauwers, Peter, and Bouillon, Roger: Intensive Insulin Therapy in Critically Ill Patients NEJM 11-8-2001;345: .1359-67

  • Van den Berghe, Greet, Wilmer, Alexander, Hermans, Greet, Meersseman, Wouter, Wouters, Pieter J., Milants, Ilse, Van Wijngaerden, Eric, Bobbaers, Herman, and Bouillon, Roger: Intensive Insulin Therapy in the Medical ICU NEJM 2-2-2006;354: .449-61

  • van, den Heuvel, I and Ellger, B.: Hyperglycemia: breaking the barriers? Crit Care Med 2009;37: .1160-1

  • Van, Way CW, III: Perioperative immunonutrition: good idea or more hype? JPEN 2006;30: .539-40

  • Vanhorebeek, I., Langouche, L., and Van den, Berghe G.: Tight blood glucose control: what is the evidence? Crit Care Med 2007;35: S496-S502

  • Vaschetto, R., Nicola, S., Olivieri, C., Boggio, E., Piccolella, F., Mesturini, R., Damnotti, F., Colombo, D., Navalesi, P., Della, Corte F., Dianzani, U., and Chiocchetti, A.: Serum levels of osteopontin are increased in SIRS and sepsis Intensive Care Med 2008;34: .2176-84

  • Verdant, C. L., De, Backer D., Bruhn, A., Clausi, C. M., Su, F., Wang, Z., Rodriguez, H., Pries, A. R., and Vincent, J. L.: Evaluation of sublingual and gut mucosal microcirculation in sepsis: a quantitative analysis Crit Care Med 2009;37: .2875-81

  • Vermeulen, M. A., van de Poll, M. C., Ligthart-Melis, G. C., Dejong, C. H., van den Tol, M. P., Boelens, P. G., and van Leeuwen, P. A.: Specific amino acids in the critically ill patient--exogenous glutamine/arginine: a common denominator? Crit Care Med 2007;35: S568-S576

  • Villalpando, S., Gopal, J., Balasubramanyam, A., Bandi, V. P., Guntupalli, K., and Jahoor, F.: In vivo arginine production and intravascular nitric oxide synthesis in hypotensive sepsis AJCN 2006;84: .197-203

  • Vincent, J. L.: Metabolic support in sepsis and multiple organ failure: more questions than answers .. Crit Care Med 2007;35: S436-S440

  • Wernerman, J.: May nutrition be hazardous in sepsis? Crit Care Med 2009;37: .353-4

  • Wheeler, D. S.: Understanding the role of stress proteins in acute lung injury: Closer to the answer, but not there yet Crit Care Med 2007;35: .2226-7

  • Wiener, Renda Soylemez, Wiener, Daniel C., and Larson, Robin J.: Benefits and Risks of Tight Glucose Control in Critically Ill Adults: A Meta-analysis JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 8-27-2008;300: .933-44

  • Wohlmuth, C., Dunser, M. W., Wurzinger, B., Deutinger, M., Ulmer, H., Torgersen, C., Schmittinger, C. A., Grander, W., and Hasibeder, W. R.: Early fish oil supplementation and organ failure in patients with septic shock from abdominal infections: a propensity-matched cohort study JPEN 2010;34: .431-7

  • Wooley J: The role of nutrition during the metabolic response to stress Support Line 2003;25: 3

  • Worthington: Use of probiotics in critically ill patients. Support Line 2009;31: .8-17

  • Yajima, S., Morisaki, H., Serita, R., Suzuki, T., Katori, N., Asahara, T., Nomoto, K., Kobayashi, F., Ishizaka, A., and Takeda, J.: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha mediates hyperglycemia-augmented gut barrier dysfunction in endotoxemia Crit Care Med 2009;37: .1024-30

  • Yeager, M. P., Rassias, A. J., Pioli, P. A., Beach, M. L., Wardwell, K., Collins, J. E., Lee, H. K., and Guyre, P. M.: Pretreatment with stress cortisol enhances the human systemic inflammatory response to bacterial endotoxin Crit Care Med 2009;37: .2727-32

  • Yellon, D. M. and Hausenloy, D. J.: Myocardial reperfusion injury NEJM 9-13-2007;357: .1121-35

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Enteral Feeding

  • Advocacy and Public Policy Special Report: Disease-Related Malnutrition and Enteral Nutrition Therapy: A Significant Problem With a Cost-Effective Solution NCP 8-27-2010;

  • Bankhead, R., Boullata, J., Brantley, S., Corkins, M., Guenter, P., Krenitsky, J., Lyman, B., Metheny, N. A., Mueller, C., Robbins, S., and Wessel, J.: Enteral nutrition practice recommendations JPEN 2009;33: .122-67

  • Bankhead, Robin, Boullata, Joseph, Brantley, Susan, Corkins, Mark, Guenter, Peggi, Krenitsky, Joseph, Lyman, Beth, Metheny, Norma A., Mueller, Charles, Robbins, Sandra, Wessel, Jacqueline, and the, A. S. P. E.: A.S.P.E.N. Enteral Nutrition Practice Recommendations JPEN 3-1-2009;33: .122-67

  • Berger, M. M. and Chiolero, R. L.: Enteral nutrition and cardiovascular failure: from myths to clinical practice JPEN 2009;33: .702-9

  • Bernard, A. C., Magnuson, B., Tsuei, B. J., Swintosky, M., Barnes, S., and Kearney, P. A.: Defining and assessing tolerance in enteral nutrition NCP 2004;19: .481-6

  • Brantley, S. L.: Implementation of the enteral nutrition practice recommendations NCP 2009;24: .335-43

  • Bryk, J., Zenati, M., Forsythe, R., Peitzman, A., and Ochoa, J. B.: Effect of calorically dense enteral nutrition formulas on outcome in critically ill trauma and surgical patients JPEN 2008;32: .6-11

  • Btaiche, I. F., Chan, L. N., Pleva, M., and Kraft, M. D.: Critical illness, gastrointestinal complications, and medication therapy during enteral feeding in critically ill adult patients NCP 2010;25: .32-49

  • Camilleri, M.: Clinical practice. Diabetic gastroparesis NEJM 2-22-2007;356: .820-9

  • Cereda, E. and Pedrolli, C.: A.S.P.E.N. recommendations for enteral nutrition: practice is the result of potential benefits, harms, clinical judgment, and ethical issues JPEN 2010;34: 103

  • Chan, L. N.: A "gutsy move": tackling enteral feeding intolerance in critically ill patients NCP 2010;25: .10-2

  • Chen, Y. and Peterson, S. J.: Enteral nutrition formulas: which formula is right for your adult patient? NCP 2009;24: .344-55

  • Chernoff, R.: An overview of tube feeding: from ancient times to the future NCP 2006;21: .408-10

  • Coeffier, M., Claeyssens, S., Lecleire, S., Leblond, J., Coquard, A., Bole-Feysot, C., Lavoinne, A., Ducrotte, P., and Dechelotte, P.: Combined enteral infusion of glutamine, carbohydrates, and antioxidants modulates gut protein metabolism in humans AJCN 2008;88: .1284-90

  • Cook, A., Burkitt, D., McDonald, L., and Sublett, L.: Evaluation of glycemic control using NPH insulin sliding scale versus insulin aspart sliding scale in continuously tube-fed patients NCP 2009;24: .718-22

  • Davies, A. R.: Gastric residual volume in the ICU: can we do without measuring it? JPEN 2010;34: .160-2

  • De Haan, J. J., Thuijls, G., Lubbers, T., Hadfoune, M., Reisinger, K., Heineman, E., Greve, J. W., and Buurman, W. A.: Protection against early intestinal compromise by lipid-rich enteral nutrition through cholecystokinin receptors Crit Care Med 2010;38: .1592-7

  • De, Brabandere K., De, Waele B., and Delvaux, G.: Colonic ischemia and perforation associated with enteral feeding through an ileal tube NCP 2010;25: .301-3

  • Deitch, E. A. and Ulloa, L.: Fat and the gut: more than empty calories Crit Care Med 2010;38: .1608-9

  • Dickerson, R. N., Mitchell, J. N., Morgan, L. M., Maish, G. O., III, Croce, M. A., Minard, G., and Brown, R. O.: Disparate response to metoclopramide therapy for gastric feeding intolerance in trauma patients with and without traumatic brain injury JPEN 2009;33: .646-55

  • Doig, G. S., Heighes, P. T., Simpson, F., Sweetman, E. A., and Davies, A. R.: Early enteral nutrition, provided within 24 h of injury or intensive care unit admission, significantly reduces mortality in critically ill patients: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials Intensive Care Med 2009;35: .2018-27

  • Fraser, R. J. and Bryant, L.: Current and future therapeutic prokinetic therapy to improve enteral feed intolerance in the ICU patient NCP 2010;25: .26-31

  • Greenfield, J. R., Farooqi, I. S., Keogh, J. M., Henning, E., Habib, A. M., Blackwood, A., Reimann, F., Holst, J. J., and Gribble, F. M.: Oral glutamine increases circulating glucagon-like peptide 1, glucagon, and insulin concentrations in lean, obese, and type 2 diabetic subjects AJCN 2009;89: .106-13

  • Guenter, P., Hicks, R. W., and Simmons, D.: Enteral feeding misconnections: an update NCP 2009;24: .325-34

  • Heyland, D. K., Dhaliwalm, R., Day, A., Drover, J., Cote, H., and Wischmeyer, P.: Optimizing the dose of glutamine dipeptides and antioxidants in critically ill patients: a phase I dose-finding study JPEN 2007;31: .109-18

  • Ho, K. M., Dobb, G. J., and Webb, S. A.: A comparison of early gastric and post-pyloric feeding in critically ill patients: a meta-analysis Intensive Care Med 2006;32: .639-49

  • Hsu, C. W., Sun, S. F., Lin, S. L., Kang, S. P., Chu, K. A., Lin, C. H., and Huang, H. H.: Duodenal versus gastric feeding in medical intensive care unit patients: a prospective, randomized, clinical study Crit Care Med 2009;37: .1866-72

  • Jeejeebhoy, K. N.: Enteral feeding: shorter versus longer tubes Crit Care Med 2009;37: .2098-9

  • Kattelmann, K. K., Hise, M., Russell, M., Charney, P., Stokes, M., and Compher, C.: Preliminary evidence for a medical nutrition therapy protocol: enteral feedings for critically ill patients JADA 2006;106: .1226-41

  • Koretz, R. L.: Enteral nutrition: a hard look at some soft evidence NCP 2009;24: .316-24

  • Koretz, R. L.: Early enteral nutrition in the ICU Intensive Care Med 2010;36: .1087-8

  • Kudsk, K. A.: Glutamine: more evidence, more promise JPEN 2008;32: .492-4

  • Landzinski, J., Kiser, T. H., Fish, D. N., Wischmeyer, P. E., and MacLaren, R.: Gastric motility function in critically ill patients tolerant vs intolerant to gastric nutrition JPEN 2008;32: .45-50

  • Lopez, R. P., Amella, E. J., Strumpf, N. E., Teno, J. M., and Mitchell, S. L.: The influence of nursing home culture on the use of feeding tubes Archives of Internal Medicine 1-11-2010;170: .83-8

  • MacLaren, R., Kiser, T. H., Fish, D. N., and Wischmeyer, P. E.: Erythromycin vs metoclopramide for facilitating gastric emptying and tolerance to intragastric nutrition in critically ill patients JPEN 2008;32: .412-9

  • Mahadeva, S., Malik, A., Hilmi, I., Qua, C. S., Wong, C. H., and Goh, K. L.: Transnasal endoscopic placement of nasoenteric feeding tubes: outcomes and limitations in non-critically ill patients NCP 2008;23: .176-81

  • Malone, A. M.: Specialized enteral formulas in acute and chronic pulmonary disease NCP 2009;24: .666-74

  • Marsland, C.: Dietitians and small bowel feeding tube placement NCP 2010;25: .270-6

  • Martindale, R. G., McClave, S. A., Vanek, V. W., McCarthy, M., Roberts, P., Taylor, B., Ochoa, J. B., Napolitano, L., and Cresci, G.: Guidelines for the provision and assessment of nutrition support therapy in the adult critically ill patient: Society of Critical Care Medicine and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition: Executive Summary Crit Care Med 2009;37: .1757-61

  • McClave, S. A. and Heyland, D. K.: The physiologic response and associated clinical benefits from provision of early enteral nutrition NCP 2009;24: .305-15

  • McClave, S. A.: What does it mean to own feeding tubes? NCP 2009;24: .430-2

  • McQuiggan, M., Kozar, R., Sailors, R. M., Ahn, C., McKinley, B., and Moore, F.: Enteral glutamine during active shock resuscitation is safe and enhances tolerance of enteral feeding JPEN 2008;32: .28-35

  • Moore, F. A. and Moore, E. E.: The evolving rationale for early enteral nutrition based on paradigms of multiple organ failure: a personal journey NCP 2009;24: .297-304

  • Moreira, T. V. and McQuiggan, M.: Methods for the assessment of gastric emptying in critically ill, enterally fed adults NCP 2009;24: .261-73

  • Morello, M., Marcon, M. L., Laviano, A., Giometto, M., Baruffi, C., Zulian, E., Cenerelli, P., Faronato, P., Tessarin, M., Conte, A., and Paccagnella, A.: Enteral nutrition in nursing home residents: a 5-year (2001-2005) epidemiological analysis NCP 2009;24: .635-41

  • Moreno, R., Vincent, J. L., Matos, R., Mendonca, A., Cantraine, F., Thijs, L., Takala, J., Sprung, C., Antonelli, M., Bruining, H., and Willatts, S.: The use of maximum SOFA score to quantify organ dysfunction/failure in intensive care. Results of a prospective, multicentre study. Working Group on Sepsis related Problems of the ESICM Intensive Care Med 1999;25: .686-96

  • Munera-Seeley, V., Ochoa, J. B., Brown, N., Bayless, A., Correia, M. I., Bryk, J., and Zenati, M.: Use of a colorimetric carbon dioxide sensor for nasoenteric feeding tube placement in critical care patients compared with clinical methods and radiography NCP 2008;23: .318-21

  • Nguyen, N., Ching, K., Fraser, R., Chapman, M., and Holloway, R.: The relationship between blood glucose control and intolerance to enteral feeding during critical illness Intensive Care Med 2007;33: .2085-92

  • Nguyen, N. Q., Lam, S. W., Ching, K., Chapman, M., Fraser, R. J., and Holloway, R. H.: Gastric feed intolerance is not increased in critically ill patients with type II diabetes mellitus Intensive Care Med 2007;33: .1740-5

  • Nguyen, N. Q., Fraser, R. J., Bryant, L. K., Burgstad, C., Chapman, M. J., Bellon, M., Wishart, J., Holloway, R. H., and Horowitz, M.: The impact of delaying enteral feeding on gastric emptying, plasma cholecystokinin, and peptide YY concentrations in critically ill patients Crit Care Med 2008;36: .1469-74

  • Nishiwaki, S., Araki, H., Shirakami, Y., Kawaguchi, J., Kawade, N., Iwashita, M., Tagami, A., Hatakeyama, H., Hayashi, T., Maeda, T., and Saitoh, K.: Inhibition of gastroesophageal reflux by semi-solid nutrients in patients with percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy JPEN 2009;33: .513-9

  • Panagiotakis, P. H., DiSario, J. A., Hilden, K., Ogara, M., and Fang, J. C.: DPEJ tube placement prevents aspiration pneumonia in high-risk patients NCP 2008;23: .172-5

  • Pittas, A. G., Laskowski, U., Kos, L., and Saltzman, E.: Role of vitamin D in adults requiring nutrition support JPEN 2010;34: .70-8

  • Popovich, M. J.: The bridle: path to improved enteral nutrition efficiency Crit Care Med 2010;38: .984-5

  • Poulard, F., Dimet, J., Martin-Lefevre, L., Bontemps, F., Fiancette, M., Clementi, E., Lebert, C., Renard, B., and Reignier, J.: Impact of not measuring residual gastric volume in mechanically ventilated patients receiving early enteral feeding: a prospective before-after study JPEN 2010;34: .125-30

  • Rhoda KM, Chhatriwalla EG, and Parekh NR: Transitional Feeding: Challenges and Approaches Support Line 8-1-2008;30: 21

  • Samis, A. J.: Delayed gastric emptying in critical illness: is enhanced enterogastric inhibition with cholecystokinin and peptide YY involved? Crit Care Med 2008;36: .1655-6

  • Schneider, J. A., Lee, Y. J., Grubb, W. R., Denny, J., and Hunter, C.: Institutional practices of withholding enteral feeding from intubated patients Crit Care Med 2009;37: .2299-302

  • Seder, C. W., Stockdale, W., Hale, L., and Janczyk, R. J.: Nasal bridling decreases feeding tube dislodgment and may increase caloric intake in the surgical intensive care unit: a randomized, controlled trial Crit Care Med 2010;38: .797-801

  • Stout, S. M. and Cober, M. P.: Metabolic effects of cyclic parenteral nutrition infusion in adults and children NCP 2010;25: .277-81

  • Stratton, Rebecca J., Stubbs, R. James, and Elia, Marinos: Bolus tube feeding suppresses food intake and circulating ghrelin concentrations in healthy subjects in a short-term placebo-controlled trial AJCN 7-1-2008;88: .77-83

  • Strickland, A., Brogan, A., Krauss, J., Martindale, R., and Cresci, G.: Is the use of specialized nutritional formulations a cost-effective strategy? A national database evaluation JPEN 2005;29: S81-S91

  • Szary, N. M., Arif, M., Matteson, M. L., Choudhary, A., Puli, S. R., and Bechtold, M. L.: Enteral Feeding Within Three Hours After Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy Placement: A Meta-analysis J Clin Gastroenterol. 8-20-2010;

  • Taylor, B. and Krenitsky, J.: Nutrition in the intensive care unit: year in review 2008-2009 JPEN 2010;34: .21-31

  • Ukleja, A., Freeman, K. L., Gilbert, K., Kochevar, M., Kraft, M. D., Russell, M. K., and Shuster, M. H.: Standards for nutrition support: adult hospitalized patients NCP 2010;25: .403-14

  • Umbrello, M., Elia, G., Destrebecq, A. L., and Iapichino, G.: Tolerance of enteral feeding: from quantity to quality of gastric residual volume? Intensive Care Med 2009;35: .1651-2

  • Ward, M. M., McEwen, A. M., Robbins, P. M., and Bennett, M. J.: A simple aspiration test to determine the accuracy of oesophageal placement of fine-bore feeding tubes Intensive Care Med 2009;35: .722-4

  • Welpe, P., Frutiger, A., Vanek, P., and Kleger, G. R.: Jejunal feeding tubes can be efficiently and independently placed by intensive care unit teams JPEN 2010;34: .121-4

  • Whelan, K., Judd, P. A., Preedy, V. R., and Taylor, M. A.: Covert assessment of concurrent and construct validity of a chart to characterize fecal output and diarrhea in patients receiving enteral nutrition JPEN 2008;32: .160-8

  • Whelan, K., Judd, P. A., Tuohy, K. M., Gibson, G. R., Preedy, V. R., and Taylor, M. A.: Fecal microbiota in patients receiving enteral feeding are highly variable and may be altered in those who develop diarrhea AJCN 2009;89: .240-7

  • Wiggins, T. F., Garrow, D. A., and DeLegge, M. H.: Evaluation of percutaneous endoscopic feeding tube placement in obese patients NCP 2009;24: .723-7

  • Woo, S. H., Finch, C. K., Broyles, J. E., Wan, J., Boswell, R., and Hurdle, A.: Early vs delayed enteral nutrition in critically ill medical patients NCP 2010;25: .205-11

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Fluids and Electrolytes

  • Ayers, P. and Warrington, L.: Diagnosis and treatment of simple acid-base disorders NCP 2008;23: .122-7

  • Boldt, J. and Ince, C.: The impact of fluid therapy on microcirculation and tissue oxygenation in hypovolemic patients: a review Intensive Care Med 2010;36: .1299-308

  • Boniatti, M. M., Cardoso, P. R., Castilho, R. K., and Vieira, S. R.: Acid-base disorders evaluation in critically ill patients: we can improve our diagnostic ability Intensive Care Med 2009;35: .1377-82

  • Broeren, M. A., Geerdink, E. A., Vader, H. L., and van den Wall Bake AW: Hypomagnesemia induced by several proton-pump inhibitors Ann.Intern Med 11-17-2009;151: .755-6

  • Buckley, M. S., Leblanc, J. M., and Cawley, M. J.: Electrolyte disturbances associated with commonly prescribed medications in the intensive care unit Crit Care Med 2010;38: S253-S264

  • Costello, J., Higgins, B., Contreras, M., Chonghaile, M. N., Hassett, P., O'Toole, D., and Laffey, J. G.: Hypercapnic acidosis attenuates shock and lung injury in early and prolonged systemic sepsis Crit Care Med 2009;37: .2412-20

  • Craig, T. R., Duffy, M. J., Shyamsundar, M., McDowell, C., McLaughlin, B., Elborn, J. S., and McAuley, D. F.: Extravascular lung water indexed to predicted body weight is a novel predictor of intensive care unit mortality in patients with acute lung injury Crit Care Med 2010;38: .114-20

  • Dickerson, R. N., Morgan, L. M., Croce, M. A., Minard, G., and Brown, R. O.: Treatment of moderate to severe acute hypocalcemia in critically ill trauma patients JPEN 2007;31: .228-33

  • DuBose Jr TD: Acidosis and Alkalosis 2007;  

  • Greenlee, M., Wingo, C. S., McDonough, A. A., Youn, J. H., and Kone, B. C.: Narrative review: evolving concepts in potassium homeostasis and hypokalemia Annals of Internal Medicine 5-5-2009;150: .619-25

  • Hartog, C. S., Brunkhorst, F. M., Bloos, F., Bogatsch, H., Engel, C., Sengebusch, K., Reinhart, K., and Ragaller, M.: Practice of volume therapy in patients with severe sepsis: results from a nationwide sepsis prevalence study Intensive Care Med 2010;36: .553-4

  • Haupt, M. T.: Does colloid resuscitation minimize lung edema? Crit Care Med 2009;37: .1497-8

  • Her, C.: Interpretation of acid-base disorders Crit Care Med 2007;35: .2236-7

  • Honore, P. M., Joannes-Boyau, O., and Boer, W.: Hyperoncotic colloids in shock and risk of renal injury: enough evidence for a banning order? Intensive Care Med 2008;34: .2127-9

  • Huckleberry Y: Intravenous fluids: which solution and why? Support Line 2001;23: 12

  • Kraft, M. D., Btaiche, I. F., Sacks, G. S., and Kudsk, K. A.: Treatment of electrolyte disorders in adult patients in the intensive care unit Am.J.Health Syst.Pharm. 8-15-2005;62: .1663-82

  • Magder, S., Potter, B. J., Deverenne, B., Doucette, S., and Fergusson, D.: Fluids after cardiac surgery: A pilot study of the use of colloids versus crystalloids Crit Care Med 8-26-2010;

  • Mendez, C. M., McClain, C. J., and Marsano, L. S.: Albumin therapy in clinical practice NCP 2005;20: .314-20

  • Noritomi, D. T., Soriano, F. G., Kellum, J. A., Cappi, S. B., Biselli, P. J., Liborio, A. B., and Park, M.: Metabolic acidosis in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock: a longitudinal quantitative study Crit Care Med 2009;37: .2733-9

  • Nouvenne, A., Meschi, T., Prati, B., Guerra, A., Allegri, F., Vezzoli, G., Soldati, L., Gambaro, G., Maggiore, U., and Borghi, L.: Effects of a low-salt diet on idiopathic hypercalciuria in calcium-oxalate stone formers: a 3-mo randomized controlled trial AJCN 2010;91: .565-70

  • Ospina-Tascon, G., Neves, A. P., Occhipinti, G., Donadello, K., Buchele, G., Simion, D., Chierego, M. L., Silva, T. O., Fonseca, A., Vincent, J. L., and De, Backer D.: Effects of fluids on microvascular perfusion in patients with severe sepsis Intensive Care Med 2010;36: .949-55

  • Schortgen, F., Girou, E., Deye, N., and Brochard, L.: The risk associated with hyperoncotic colloids in patients with shock Intensive Care Med 2008;34: .2157-68

  • Schortgen, F., Girou, E., Deye, N., and Brochard, L.: Do hypooncotic fluids for shock increase the risk of late-onset acute respiratory distress syndrome? Intensive Care Med 5-13-2010;

  • Singer GG and Brenner BM: Fluid and Electrolyte Disturbances 2007;  

  • Thomas S and Lehman J: Sodium homeostasis Support Line 6-1-2008;30: 16

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  • Wagner, F., Radermacher, P., and Morimatsu, H.: Hypertonic lactate solutions: a new horizon for fluid resuscitation? Intensive Care Med 2008;34: .1749-51

  • Whitmire, S. J.: Nutrition-focused evaluation and management of dysnatremias NCP 2008;23: .108-21

GI Conditions

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  • Adams, D. H., Eksteen, B., and Curbishley, S. M.: Immunology of the gut and liver: a love/hate relationship Gut 6-1-2008;57: .838-48

  • Akobeng, A. K. and Thomas, A. G.: Enteral nutrition for maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2007;CD005984

  • Alberda, C., Gramlich, L., Meddings, J., Field, C., McCargar, L., Kutsogiannis, D., Fedorak, R., and Madsen, K.: Effects of probiotic therapy in critically ill patients: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial AJCN 2007;85: .816-23

  • Austin T: Nutrition management of enterocutaneous fistulas Support Line 2006;28: 10

  • Bamias, G., Nyce, M. R., De La Rue, S. A., and Cominelli, F.: New concepts in the pathophysiology of inflammatory bowel disease Annals of Internal Medicine 12-20-2005;143: .895-904

  • Barraud, D., Blard, C., Hein, F., Marcon, O., Cravoisy, A., Nace, L., Alla, F., Bollaert, P. E., and Gibot, S.: Probiotics in the critically ill patient: a double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial Intensive Care Med 2010;36: .1540-7

  • Bernstein, Charles N. and Shanahan, Fergus: Disorders of a modern lifestyle: reconciling the epidemiology of inflammatory bowel diseases Gut 9-1-2008;57: .1185-91

  • Caldarella, M. P., Azpiroz, F., and Malagelada, J. R.: Selective effects of nutrients on gut sensitivity and reflexes Gut 2007;56: .37-42

  • Carlet, J.: Anti-, pre-, or . . . probiotics to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia in the intensive care unit? Crit Care Med 2010;38: .1009-10

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  • Clark, C. and DeLegge, M.: Irritable bowel syndrome: a practical approach NCP 2008;23: .263-7

  • Compher, C., Rubesin, S., Kinosian, B., Madaras, J., and Metz, D.: Noninvasive measurement of transit time in short bowel syndrome JPEN 2007;31: .240-5

  • Dawson, A. E., Shumak, S. L., and Redelmeier, D. A.: Treatment with monoclonal antibodies against Clostridium difficile toxins NEJM 4-15-2010;362: .1445-6

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  • Dieterich, W., Esslinger, B., and Schuppan, D.: Pathomechanisms in celiac disease Int.Arch.Allergy Immunol. 2003;132: .98-108

  • Do, V. T., Baird, B. G., and Kockler, D. R.: Probiotics for maintaining remission of ulcerative colitis in adults   

  • Feagan, Brian G., Sandborn, et al:: Omega-3 Free Fatty Acids for the Maintenance of Remission in Crohn Disease: The EPIC Randomized Controlled Trials JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 4-9-2008;299: .1690-7

  • Fina, D., Sarra, M., Caruso, R., Del Vecchio Blanco, G., Pallone, F., MacDonald, T. T., and Monteleone, G.: Interleukin 21 contributes to the mucosal T helper cell type 1 response in coeliac disease Gut 7-1-2008;57: .887-92

  • Fishbein, T. M.: Intestinal transplantation NEJM 9-3-2009;361: .998-1008

  • Floch, M. H.: The effect of probiotics on host metabolism: the microbiota and fermentation J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44 Suppl 1: S19-S21

  • Floruta, C. V.: Dietary choices of people with ostomies J Wound.Ostomy.Continence.Nurs. 2001;28: .28-31

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  • Ford, Alexander C., Talley, Nicholas J., Veldhuyzen van Zanten, Sander J. O., Vakil, Nimish B., Simel, David L., and Moayyedi, Paul: Will the History and Physical Examination Help Establish That Irritable Bowel Syndrome Is Causing This Patient's Lower Gastrointestinal Tract Symptoms? JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 10-15-2008;300: .1793-805

  • Fruhwald, S., Holzer, P., and Metzler, H.: Intestinal motility disturbances in intensive care patients pathogenesis and clinical impact Intensive Care Med 2007;33: .36-44

  • Ganz, R. A.: Barrett's esophagus NEJM 4-15-2010;362: .1448-9

  • Gassull, M. A., Fernandez-Banares, F., Cabre, E., Papo, M., Giaffer, M. H., Sanchez-Lombrana, J. L., Richart, C., Malchow, H., Gonzalez-Huix, F., and Esteve, M.: Fat composition may be a clue to explain the primary therapeutic effect of enteral nutrition in Crohn's disease: results of a double blind randomised multicentre European trial Gut 2002;51: .164-8

  • Gisbert, J. P., Calvet, X., O'Connor, A., Megraud, F., and O'Morain, C. A.: Sequential therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication: a critical review J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44: .313-25

  • Gralnek, Ian M., Barkun, Alan N., and Bardou, Marc: Management of Acute Bleeding from a Peptic Ulcer NEJM 8-28-2008;359: .928-37

  • Green, Chris, Elliott, Lawrence, Beaudoin, Carole, and Bernstein, Charles N.: A Population-based Ecologic Study of Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Searching for Etiologic Clues AJE 10-1-2006;164: .615-23

  • Grossi, E., Buresta, R., Abbiati, R., and Cerutti, R.: Clinical trial on the efficacy of a new symbiotic formulation, Flortec, in patients with acute diarrhea: a multicenter, randomized study in primary care J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44 Suppl 1: S35-S41

  • Hegazi, R., Strausbaugh, K., and Merritt, R.: Prebiotics and enteral feeding-associated diarrhea JPEN 2009;33: .731-2

  • Heitkemper, M. M. and Jarrett, M. E.: Update on irritable bowel syndrome and gender differences NCP 2008;23: .275-83

  • Heizer, W. D., Southern, S., and McGovern, S.: The role of diet in symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome in adults: a narrative review JADA 2009;109: .1204-14

  • Hunt, K. A. and van Heel, D. A.: Recent advances in coeliac disease genetics Gut 2009;58: .473-6

  • Iglesias J: Surgical treatment options for small intestinal bacterial overgrowth in short bowel syndrome Support Line 2007;29: 23

  • Issa, M. and Binion, D. G.: Bowel rest and nutrition therapy in the management of active Crohn's disease NCP 2008;23: .299-308

  • Itskowitz, M.: Bacterial diarrhea NEJM 2-11-2010;362: .558-9

  • Jeejeebhoy, K. N.: Treatment of intestinal failure: transplantation or home parenteral nutrition? Gastroenterology 2008;135: .303-5

  • Jowett, S. L., Seal, C. J., Pearce, M. S., Phillips, E., Gregory, W., Barton, J. R., and Welfare, M. R.: Influence of dietary factors on the clinical course of ulcerative colitis: a prospective cohort study Gut 2004;53: .1479-84

  • Karp, S. M. and Koch, T. R.: Micronutrient supplements in inflammatory bowel disease Dis.Mon. 2006;52: .211-20

  • Katz, J.: Should probiotics be routine therapy for the prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhea? J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44: .83-4

  • Kechagias, S., Ernersson, A., Dahlqvist, O., Lundberg, P., Lindstrom, T., Nystrom, F. H., and for the Fast Food Study Group: Fast-food-based hyper-alimentation can induce rapid and profound elevation of serum alanine aminotransferase in healthy subjects Gut 5-1-2008;57: .649-54

  • Kejariwal, D., Bromley, D., and Miao, Y.: The "cut and push" method of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube removal in adult patients: the Ipswich experience NCP 2009;24: .281-3

  • Kelly, C. P. and LaMont, J. T.: Clostridium difficile--more difficult than ever NEJM 10-30-2008;359: .1932-40

  • Kelly, C. P.: A 76-year-old man with recurrent Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea: review of C. difficile infection JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 3-4-2009;301: .954-62

  • Kelsall, B.: Interleukin-10 in inflammatory bowel disease NEJM 11-19-2009;361: .2091-3

  • Korzenik, J. R.: Is Crohn's disease due to defective immunity? Gut 2007;56: .2-5

  • Kradin, R. L., Badizadegan, K., Auluck, P., Korzenik, J., and Lauwers, G. Y.: Iatrogenic Trichuris suis infection in a patient with Crohn disease Arch.Pathol.Lab Med 2006;130: .718-20

  • Kyne, L.: Clostridium difficile--beyond antibiotics NEJM 1-21-2010;362: .264-5

  • Lecleire, S., Hassan, A., Marion-Letellier, R., Antonietti, M., Savoye, G., Bole-Feysot, C., Lerebours, E., Ducrotte, P., Dechelotte, P., and Coeffier, M.: Combined glutamine and arginine decrease proinflammatory cytokine production by biopsies from Crohn's patients in association with changes in nuclear factor-kappaB and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways J Nutr 2008;138: .2481-6

  • Lidder, P. G., Lewis, S., Duxbury, M., and Thomas, S.: Systematic review of postdischarge oral nutritional supplementation in patients undergoing GI surgery NCP 2009;24: .388-94

  • Lonnermark, E., Friman, V., Lappas, G., Sandberg, T., Berggren, A., and Adlerberth, I.: Intake of Lactobacillus plantarum reduces certain gastrointestinal symptoms during treatment with antibiotics J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44: .106-12

  • Lowy, I., Molrine, D. C., Leav, B. A., Blair, B. M., Baxter, R., Gerding, D. N., Nichol, G., Thomas, W. D., Jr., Leney, M., Sloan, S., Hay, C. A., and Ambrosino, D. M.: Treatment with monoclonal antibodies against Clostridium difficile toxins NEJM 1-21-2010;362: .197-205

  • Ludvigsson, J. F., Olen, O., Bell, M., Ekbom, A., and Montgomery, S. M.: Coeliac disease and risk of sepsis Gut 8-1-2008;57: .1074-80

  • Luo, M., Fernandez-Estivariz, C., Manatunga, A. K., Bazargan, N., Gu, L. H., Jones, D. P., Klapproth, J. M., Sitaraman, S. V., Leader, L. M., Galloway, J. R., and Ziegler, T. R.: Are plasma citrulline and glutamine biomarkers of intestinal absorptive function in patients with short bowel syndrome? JPEN 2007;31: .1-7

  • Malbrain, M. L. and De, Laet, I: It's all in the gut: introducing the concept of acute bowel injury and acute intestinal distress syndrome ... Crit Care Med 2009;37: .365-6

  • Marchesini, Giulio, Ridolfi, Valentina, and Nepoti, Valentina: Hepatotoxicity of fast food? Gut 5-1-2008;57: .568-70

  • Marteau, P.: Probiotics, prebiotics, synbiotics: ecological treatment for inflammatory bowel disease? Gut 2006;55: .1692-3

  • Matarese, L. E. and Steiger, E.: Dietary and medical management of short bowel syndrome in adult patients J Clin.Gastroenterol. 2006;40: S85-S93

  • Mayer, Emeran A.: Irritable Bowel Syndrome NEJM 4-17-2008;358: .1692-9

  • McColl, K. E.: Clinical practice. Helicobacter pylori infection NEJM 4-29-2010;362: .1597-604

  • McDonald, G. B. and Frieze, D.: A problem-oriented approach to liver disease in oncology patients Gut 7-1-2008;57: .987-1003

  • McGarr, S. E. and Kirby, D. F.: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) placement in the overweight and obese patient JPEN 2007;31: .212-6

  • Meresse, Bertrand, Verdier, Julien, and Cerf-Bensussan, Nadine: The cytokine interleukin 21: a new player in coeliac disease? Gut 7-1-2008;57: .879-81

  • Mertz, H. R.: Irritable bowel syndrome NEJM 11-27-2003;349: .2136-46

  • Monaghan, T., Boswell, T., and Mahida, Y. R.: Recent advances in Clostridium difficile-associated disease Gut 6-1-2008;57: .850-60

  • Mullin, G. E. and Clarke, J. O.: Role of complementary and alternative medicine in managing gastrointestinal motility disorders NCP 2010;25: .85-7

  • Nguyen, G. C., Munsell, M., Brant, S. R., and LaVeist, T. A.: Racial and geographic disparities in the use of parenteral nutrition among inflammatory bowel disease inpatients diagnosed with malnutrition in the United States JPEN J Parenter.Enteral Nutr. 2009;33: .563-8

  • Nguyen, N. Q., Chapman, M., Fraser, R. J., Ritz, M., Bryant, L. K., Butler, R., Davidson, G., Zacharakis, B., and Holloway, R. H.: Long-standing type II diabetes mellitus is not a risk factor for slow gastric emptying in critically ill patients Intensive Care Med 2006;32: .1365-70

  • Nguyen, N. Q., Ching, K., Fraser, R. J., Chapman, M. J., and Holloway, R. H.: Risk of Clostridium difficile diarrhoea in critically ill patients treated with erythromycin-based prokinetic therapy for feed intolerance Intensive Care Med 8-15-2007;

  • Nguyen, N. Q., Fraser, R. J., Bryant, L. K., Chapman, M., and Holloway, R. H.: Diminished functional association between proximal and distal gastric motility in critically ill patients Intensive Care Med 2008;34: .1246-55

  • Niewinski, M. M.: Advances in celiac disease and gluten-free diet JADA 2008;108: .661-72

  • Nightingale, J. and Woodward, J. M.: Guidelines for management of patients with a short bowel Gut 2006;55 Suppl 4: .iv1-12

  • NIH Concensus Panel: NIH Concensus Development Conference on Celiac Disease 6-28-2004;  

  • Parks, T., Gkrania-Klotsas, E., and Nicholl, C.: Treatment with monoclonal antibodies against Clostridium difficile toxins NEJM 4-15-2010;362: .1444-6

  • Peterson, L. R. and Robicsek, A.: Does my patient have Clostridium difficile infection? Annals of Internal Medicine 8-4-2009;151: .176-9

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  • Poutanen, S. M. and Simor, A. E.: Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea in adults CMAJ. 7-6-2004;171: .51-8

  • Rajendran, N. and Kumar, D.: Role of diet in the management of inflammatory bowel disease   

  • Rashtak, S. and Murray, J. A.: Tailored testing for celiac disease Annals of Internal Medicine 9-4-2007;147: .339-41

  • Rohlke, F., Surawicz, C. M., and Stollman, N.: Fecal flora reconstitution for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection: results and methodology J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44: .567-70

  • Safdar, A.: Treatment with monoclonal antibodies against Clostridium difficile toxins NEJM 4-15-2010;362: .1444-5

  • Shemesh, A., Endevelt, R., and Monnickendam, S. M.: Importance of nutritional assessment and collaboration between physicians and registered dietitians in detecting celiac disease: two case studies JADA 2009;109: .1445-8

  • Sido, B., Seel, C., Hochlehnert, A., Breitkreutz, R., and Droge, W.: Low intestinal glutamine level and low glutaminase activity in Crohn's disease: a rational for glutamine supplementation? Dig.Dis.Sci. 2006;51: .2170-9

  • Stange, Eduard F. and Travis, Simon P. L.: The European consensus on ulcerative colitis: new horizons? Gut 8-1-2008;57: .1029-31

  • Steenhagen, E., de Roos, N. M., Bouwman, C. A., van Laarhoven, C. J., and van Staveren, W. A.: Sources and severity of self-reported food intolerance after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis JADA 2006;106: .1459-62

  • Stepniak, D. and Koning, F.: Celiac disease--sandwiched between innate and adaptive immunity Hum.Immunol. 2006;67: .460-8

  • Summers, R. W., Elliott, D. E., Urban, J. F., Jr., Thompson, R., and Weinstock, J. V.: Trichuris suis therapy in Crohn's disease Gut 2005;54: .87-90

  • Sutton, D. H., Harrell, S. P., and Wo, J. M.: Diagnosis and management of adult patients with chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction NCP 2006;21: .16-22

  • Swidsinski, A., Loening-Baucke, V., Theissig, F., Engelhardt, H., Bengmark, S., Koch, S., Lochs, H., and Dorffel, Y.: Comparative study of the intestinal mucus barrier in normal and inflamed colon Gut 2007;56: .343-50

  • Valerio, F., Russo, F., de, Candia S., Riezzo, G., Orlando, A., Lonigro, S. L., and Lavermicocca, P.: Effects of probiotic Lactobacillus paracasei-enriched artichokes on constipated patients: a pilot study J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44 Suppl 1: S49-S53

  • Vanner, S.: The small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. Irritable bowel syndrome hypothesis: implications for treatment Gut 9-1-2008;57: .1315-21

  • Vemulapalli, R.: Diet and lifestyle modifications in the management of gastroesophageal reflux disease NCP 2008;23: .293-8

  • Voelker, R.: Increased Clostridium difficile virulence demands new treatment approach JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 5-26-2010;303: .2017-9

  • Wald, A. and Rakel, D.: Behavioral and complementary approaches for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome NCP 2008;23: .284-92

  • Weber, C. R. and Turner, J. R.: Inflammatory bowel disease: is it really just another break in the wall? Gut 2007;56: .6-8

  • Wiese, D. M., Rivera, R., and Seidner, D. L.: Is there a role for bowel rest in nutrition management of Crohn's disease? NCP 2008;23: .309-17

  • Williams, M. D., Ha, C. Y., and Ciorba, M. A.: Probiotics as Therapy in Gastroenterology: A Study of Physician Opinions and Recommendations J Clin Gastroenterol. 3-8-2010;

  • Wiwanitkit, V.: Treatment of bleeding ulcer J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44: 384

  • Xavier, Ramnik J., Huett, Alan, and Rioux, John D.: Autophagy as an important process in gut homeostasis and Crohn's disease pathogenesis Gut 6-1-2008;57: .717-20

  • Yan, K. S. and Pasricha, P. J.: Acting in good taste: nutrient sensors in the gut Gut 2009;58: .897-8

  • Zhou, Q., Souba, W. W., Croce, C. M., and Verne, G. N.: MicroRNA-29a regulates intestinal membrane permeability in patients with irritable bowel syndrome Gut 2010;59: .775-84

  • Zilberberg, M. D., Shorr, A. F., Micek, S. T., Doherty, J. A., and Kollef, M. H.: Clostridium difficile-associated disease and mortality among the elderly critically ill Crit Care Med 2009;37: .2583-9

  • Buckman, S. A. and Heise, C. P.: Nutrition considerations surrounding restorative proctocolectomy NCP 2010;25: .250-6

  • Cheng, J. and Pande, G.: Images in clinical medicine. Extensive bowel infarction NEJM 11-12-2009;361: 1979

  • Conen, A., Zimmerer, S., Frei, R., Battegay, M., Elzi, L., and Trampuz, A.: A pain in the neck: probiotics for ulcerative colitis Ann.Intern Med 12-15-2009;151: .895-7

  • Floch, M. H.: Probiotic therapy for ulcerative colitis J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44: .237-8

  • Glocker, E. O., Kotlarz, D., Boztug, K., Gertz, E. M., Schaffer, A. A., Noyan, F., Perro, M., Diestelhorst, J., Allroth, A., Murugan, D., Hatscher, N., Pfeifer, D., Sykora, K. W., Sauer, M., Kreipe, H., Lacher, M., Nustede, R., Woellner, C., Baumann, U., Salzer, U., Koletzko, S., Shah, N., Segal, A. W., Sauerbrey, A., Buderus, S., Snapper, S. B., Grimbacher, B., and Klein, C.: Inflammatory bowel disease and mutations affecting the interleukin-10 receptor NEJM 11-19-2009;361: .2033-45

  • Haller, D.: Nutrigenomics and IBD: the intestinal microbiota at the cross-road between inflammation and metabolism J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44 Suppl 1: S6-S9

  • Lapaquette, P. and Darfeuille-Michaud, A.: Abnormalities in the handling of intracellular bacteria in Crohn's disease J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44 Suppl 1: S26-S29

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  • Mullin, G. E., Turnbull, L. K., and Kines, K.: Vitamin D: a D-lightful health supplement: part II NCP 2009;24: .738-40

  • Pironi, L., Staun, M., and Van, Gossum A.: Intestinal transplantation NEJM 12-10-2009;361: .2388-9

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  • Tjonneland, A., Overvad, K., Bergmann, M. M., Nagel, G., Linseisen, J., Hallmans, G., Palmqvist, R., Sjodin, H., Hagglund, G., Berglund, G., Lindgren, S., Grip, O., Palli, D., Day, N. E., Khaw, K. T., Bingham, S., Riboli, E., Kennedy, H., and Hart, A.: Linoleic acid, a dietary n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid, and the aetiology of ulcerative colitis: a nested case-control study within a European prospective cohort study Gut 2009;58: .1606-11

  • Walzer, N. and Buchman, A. L.: Development of Crohn's disease in patients with intestinal failure: a role for bacteria? J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44: .361-3

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Hepatic Dysfunction 

  • Albrecht, J.: Hepatic encephalopathy in our genes? Ann.Intern Med 9-7-2010;153: .335-6

  • Bass, N. M., Mullen, K. D., Sanyal, A., Poordad, F., Neff, G., Leevy, C. B., Sigal, S., Sheikh, M. Y., Beavers, K., Frederick, T., Teperman, L., Hillebrand, D., Huang, S., Merchant, K., Shaw, A., Bortey, E., and Forbes, W. P.: Rifaximin treatment in hepatic encephalopathy NEJM 3-25-2010;362: .1071-81

  • Biselli, M., Gramenzi, A., Del, Gaudio M., Ravaioli, M., Vitale, G., Gitto, S., Grazi, G. L., Pinna, A. D., Andreone, P., and Bernardi, M.: Long term follow-up and outcome of liver transplantation for alcoholic liver disease: a single center case-control study J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44: .52-7

  • Chadalavada, R., Sappati Biyyani, R. S., Maxwell, J., and Mullen, K.: Nutrition in hepatic encephalopathy NCP 2010;25: .257-64

  • Das, V., Boelle, P. Y., Galbois, A., Guidet, B., Maury, E., Carbonell, N., Moreau, R., and Offenstadt, G.: Cirrhotic patients in the medical intensive care unit: Early prognosis and long-term survival Crit Care Med 8-26-2010;

  • Ferrucci, L. M., Bell, B. P., Dhotre, K. B., Manos, M. M., Terrault, N. A., Zaman, A., Murphy, R. C., Vanness, G. R., Thomas, A. R., Bialek, S. R., Desai, M. M., and Sofair, A. N.: Complementary and alternative medicine use in chronic liver disease patients J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44: e40-e45

  • Gerbes, A. L. and Gulberg, V.: Renal failure in cirrhosis NEJM 1-7-2010;362: .79-80

  • Gines, P. and Schrier, R. W.: Renal failure in cirrhosis NEJM 9-24-2009;361: .1279-90

  • Hasse J, Kent P: Nutritional implications of acute liver failure and emergent liver transplantation Support Line 2003;25: 18

  • Haussinger, D. and Schliess, F.: Pathogenetic mechanisms of hepatic encephalopathy Gut 8-1-2008;57: .1156-65

  • Heidelbaugh, J. J. and Sherbondy, M.: Cirrhosis and chronic liver failure: part II. Complications and treatment Am Fam.Physician 9-1-2006;74: .767-76

  • Heuman, D. M.: Hyponatremia in cirrhosis answers and questions J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44: .157-8

  • Izzedine, H. and Baumelou, A.: Renal failure in cirrhosis NEJM 1-7-2010;362: .80-1

  • Karvellas, C. J., Pink, F., McPhail, M., Cross, T., Auzinger, G., Bernal, W., Sizer, E., Kutsogiannis, D. J., Eltringham, I., and Wendon, J. A.: Predictors of bacteraemia and mortality in patients with acute liver failure Intensive Care Med 2009;35: .1390-6

  • Lat, I., Foster, D. R., and Erstad, B.: Drug-induced acute liver failure and gastrointestinal complications Crit Care Med 2010;38: S175-S187

  • Lott, J. P.: Renal failure in cirrhosis NEJM 1-7-2010;362: .79-1

  • Lucey, M. R., Mathurin, P., and Morgan, T. R.: Alcoholic hepatitis NEJM 6-25-2009;360: .2758-69

  • Marignani, M., Gallina, S., Di, Fonzo M., Deli, I., Begini, P., Gigante, E., Epifani, M., Angeletti, S., and Delle, Fave G.: Use and safety perception of herbal remedies in patients with liver/biliary tract disorders: an Italian study J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44 Suppl 1: S54-S57

  • Mohammed, F.: Alcoholic hepatitis NEJM 10-8-2009;361: .1512-3

  • Moore, K. P. and Aithal, G. P.: Guidelines on the management of ascites in cirrhosis Gut 10-1-2006;55: .vi1-12

  • Muller, M. J.: Malnutrition and hypermetabolism in patients with liver cirrhosis AJCN 2007;85: .1167-8

  • O'Brien, A. and Williams, R.: Nutrition in end-stage liver disease: principles and practice Gastroenterology 2008;134: .1729-40

  • Peng, S., Plank, L. D., McCall, J. L., Gillanders, L. K., McIlroy, K., and Gane, E. J.: Body composition, muscle function, and energy expenditure in patients with liver cirrhosis: a comprehensive study AJCN 2007;85: .1257-66

  • Richart, C., Auguet, T., and Terra, X.: Apolipoprotein C3 gene variants in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease NEJM 7-8-2010;363: .193-4

  • Romero-Gomez, M., Jover, M., Del Campo, J. A., Royo, J. L., Hoyas, E., Galan, J. J., Montoliu, C., Baccaro, E., Guevara, M., Cordoba, J., Soriano, G., Navarro, J. M., Martinez-Sierra, C., Grande, L., Galindo, A., Mira, E., Manes, S., and Ruiz, A.: Variations in the promoter region of the glutaminase gene and the development of hepatic encephalopathy in patients with cirrhosis: a cohort study Ann.Intern Med 9-7-2010;153: .281-8

  • Saadeh, S.: Nonalcoholic Fatty liver disease and obesity NCP 2007;22: .1-10

  • Salamone, F., Galvano, F., and Li, Volti G.: Apolipoprotein C3 gene variants in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease NEJM 7-8-2010;363: .194-5

  • Sanyal, A. J., Chalasani, N., Kowdley, K. V., McCullough, A., Diehl, A. M., Bass, N. M., Neuschwander-Tetri, B. A., Lavine, J. E., Tonascia, J., Unalp, A., Van, Natta M., Clark, J., Brunt, E. M., Kleiner, D. E., Hoofnagle, J. H., and Robuck, P. R.: Pioglitazone, vitamin E, or placebo for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis NEJM 5-6-2010;362: .1675-85

  • Serkova, N. J.: Imaging biochemistry noninvasively: magnetic resonance spectroscopy in liver disease JPEN 2009;33: .726-8

  • Sharma, P. and Sharma, B. C.: Rifaximin treatment in hepatic encephalopathy NEJM 6-24-2010;362: .2423-4

  • Shawcross, D. and Jalan, R.: Dispelling myths in the treatment of hepatic encephalopathy Lancet 1-29-2005;365: .431-3

  • Sofair, A. N., Barry, V., Manos, M. M., Thomas, A., Zaman, A., Terrault, N. A., Murphy, R. C., Stabach, N., Huie, S., Van, Ness G., Bell, B. P., and Bialek, S.: The epidemiology and clinical characteristics of patients with newly diagnosed alcohol-related liver disease: results from population-based surveillance J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44: .301-7

  • Thuy, Sabine, Ladurner, Ruth, Volynets, Valentina, Wagner, Silvia, Strahl, Stefan, Konigsrainer, Alfred, Maier, Klaus Peter, Bischoff, Stephan C., and Bergheim, Ina: Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Humans Is Associated with Increased Plasma Endotoxin and Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1 Concentrations and with Fructose Intake J Nutr 8-1-2008;138: .1452-5

  • Valenti, L., Nobili, V., and Fargion, S.: Apolipoprotein C3 gene variants in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease NEJM 7-8-2010;363: 194

  • Walker F: Alcohol and the liver Support Line 2006;28: 17

  • Wang, C. C. and Kao, J. H.: Rifaximin treatment in hepatic encephalopathy NEJM 6-24-2010;362: .2423-5

  • Xue, T., Qiu, J. H., and Qiao, L.: Rifaximin treatment in hepatic encephalopathy NEJM 6-24-2010;362: .2424-5

  • Marchesini, G., Fabbri, A., and Bianchi, G.: Zinc supplementation and amino acid-nitrogen metabolism in patients with advanced cirrhosis Hepatology 1996;23: .1084-92

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HIV/AIDS

  • Arsenault, J. E., Aboud, S., Manji, K. P., Fawzi, W. W., and Villamor, E.: Vitamin Supplementation Increases Risk of Subclinical Mastitis in HIV-Infected Women J Nutr 8-25-2010;

  • Coyne-Meyers, K. and Trombley, L. E.: A review of nutrition in human immunodeficiency virus infection in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy NCP 2004;19: .340-55

  • de Luis Roman, D. A., Bachiller, P., Izaola, O., Romero, E., Martin, J., Arranz, M., Eiros Bouza, J. M., and Aller, R.: Nutritional treatment for acquired immunodeficiency virus infection using an enterotropic peptide-based formula enriched with n-3 fatty acids: a randomized prospective trial Eur.J Clin.Nutr. 2001;55: .1048-52

  • Earthman, C. P.: Evaluation of nutrition assessment parameters in the presence of human immunodeficiency virus infection NCP 2004;19: .330-9

  • Elzi, L., Marzolini, C., Furrer, H., Ledergerber, B., Cavassini, M., Hirschel, B., Vernazza, P., Bernasconi, E., Weber, R., and Battegay, M.: Treatment modification in human immunodeficiency virus-infected individuals starting combination antiretroviral therapy between 2005 and 2008 Archives of Internal Medicine 1-11-2010;170: .57-65

  • Kotler, D. P.: Cachexia Annals of Internal Medicine 10-17-2000;133: .622-34

  • Kotler, D. P.: The biology of human immunodeficiency virus infection NCP 2004;19: .324-9

  • Marcason, W.: What does the term "HIV-associated lipodystrophy" mean? JADA 2009;109: 364

  • Mda, S., van Raaij, J. M., de Villiers, F. P., MacIntyre, U. E., and Kok, F. J.: Short-term micronutrient supplementation reduces the duration of pneumonia and diarrheal episodes in HIV-infected children J Nutr 2010;140: .969-74

  • Sattler, F. R., Rajicic, N., Mulligan, K., Yarasheski, K. E., Koletar, S. L., Zolopa, A., Alston, Smith B., Zackin, R., and Bistrian, B.: Evaluation of high-protein supplementation in weight-stable HIV-positive subjects with a history of weight loss: a randomized, double-blind, multicenter trial AJCN 2008;88: .1313-21

  • Sztam, K. A., Fawzi, W. W., and Duggan, C.: Macronutrient supplementation and food prices in HIV treatment J Nutr 2010;140: .213S-23S

  • Tinmouth, J., Kandel, G., Tomlinson, G., Walmsley, S., Steinhart, A. H., and Glazier, R.: The effect of dairy product ingestion on human immunodeficiency virus-related diarrhea in a sample of predominantly gay men: a randomized, controlled, double-blind, crossover trial Archives of Internal Medicine 6-12-2006;166: .1178-83

  • Wilcox, C. M. and Saag, M. S.: Gastrointestinal complications of HIV infection: changing priorities in the HAART era Gut 6-1-2008;57: .861-70

  • Woods, M. N., Wanke, C. A., Ling, P. R., Hendricks, K. M., Tang, A. M., Andersson, C. E., Dong, K. R., Sheehan, H. M., and Bistrian, B. R.: Metabolic syndrome and serum fatty acid patterns in serum phospholipids in hypertriglyceridemic persons with human immunodeficiency virus AJCN 2009;89: .1180-7

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Immunity

  • Hayman, S. and Marcason, W.: Gout: is a purine-restricted diet still recommended? JADA 2009;109: 1652

  • Barbul, A. and Uliyargoli, A.: Use of exogenous arginine in multiple organ dysfunction syndrome and sepsis Crit Care Med 2007;35: S564-S567

  • Bongers, T., Griffiths, R. D., and McArdle, A.: Exogenous glutamine: the clinical evidence Crit Care Med 2007;35: S545-S552

  • Boosalis, M. G.: The role of selenium in chronic disease NCP 2008;23: .152-60

  • Boynton, Alanna, Neuhouser, Marian L., Wener, Mark H., Wood, Brent, Sorensen, Bess, Chen-Levy, Zehava, Kirk, Elizabeth A., Yasui, Yutaka, LaCroix, Kristin, McTiernan, Anne, and Ulrich, Cornelia M.: Associations between healthy eating patterns and immune function or inflammation in overweight or obese postmenopausal women AJCN 11-1-2007;86: .1445-55

  • Campos, A. C., Groth, A. K., and Branco, A. B.: Assessment and nutritional aspects of wound healing Curr.Opin.Clin Nutr Metab Care 2008;11: .281-8

  • Coles, Christian L., Bose, Anuradha, Moses, Prabhakar D., Mathew, Leni, Agarwal, Indira, Mammen, Thomas, and Santosham, Mathuram: Infectious etiology modifies the treatment effect of zinc in severe pneumonia AJCN 8-1-2007;86: .397-403

  • Delude, R. L.: Would you like your colloid straight or with a twist of an anti-inflammatory antioxidant? Crit Care Med 2009;37: .1133-4

  • Doherty, C. P.: Host-pathogen interactions: the role of iron J Nutr 2007;137: .1341-4

  • Doherty, Conor P.: Host-Pathogen Interactions: The Role of Iron J Nutr 5-1-2007;137: .1341-4

  • Doley, J.: Nutrition management of pressure ulcers NCP 2010;25: .50-60

  • Ernst, A. A.: ACP Journal Club. Review: Little evidence exists for type of dressing or support surface or for nutritional supplements for pressure ulcers Annals of Internal Medicine 7-21-2009;151: .JC1-13

  • Finfer, S., Ranieri, V. M., Thompson, B. T., Barie, P. S., Dhainaut, J. F., Douglas, I. S., Gardlund, B., Marshall, J. C., and Rhodes, A.: Design, conduct, analysis and reporting of a multi-national placebo-controlled trial of activated protein C for persistent septic shock Intensive Care Med 2008;34: .1935-47

  • Fink, M. P.: Sepsis, ghrelin, the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway, gut mucosal hyperpermeability, and high-mobility group box 1 Crit Care Med 2009;37: .2483-5

  • Gacouin, A., Legay, F., Camus, C., Volatron, A. C., Barbarot, N., Donnio, P. Y., Thomas, R., and Le, Tulzo Y.: At-risk drinkers are at higher risk to acquire a bacterial infection during an intensive care unit stay than abstinent or moderate drinkers Crit Care Med 2008;36: .1735-41

  • Gonzalez ZA: Practical aspects of nutritional modulation of the cytokines response NCP 2000;15: 45

  • Grau, T.: Arginine pharmacokinetics: not a new paradigm but the old pharmacology Crit Care Med 2009;37: .756-7

  • Heyland, D. and Dhaliwal, R.: Immunonutrition in the critically ill: from old approaches to new paradigms Intensive Care Med 2005;31: .501-3

  • Heyland, D. K., Novak, F., Drover, J. W., Jain, M., Su, X., and Suchner, U.: Should immunonutrition become routine in critically ill patients? A systematic review of the evidence JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 8-22-2001;286: .944-53

  • Heyland, D. K., Jones, N., Cvijanovich, N. Z., and Wong, H.: Zinc supplementation in critically ill patients: a key pharmaconutrient? JPEN 2008;32: .509-19

  • Kang, W. and Kudsk, K. A.: Is there evidence that the gut contributes to mucosal immunity in humans? JPEN 2007;31: .246-58

  • Kieft, H., Roos, A. N., van Drunen, J. D., Bindels, A. J., Bindels, J. G., and Hofman, Z.: Clinical outcome of immunonutrition in a heterogeneous intensive care population Intensive Care Med 2005;31: .524-32

  • Krinsley, J. S.: Blood glucose control in critically ill patients: the impact of diabetes Crit Care Med 2009;37: .382-3

  • Loi, C., Zazzo, J. F., Delpierre, E., Niddam, C., Neveux, N., Curis, E., Arnaud-Battandier, F., and Cynober, L.: Increasing plasma glutamine in postoperative patients fed an arginine-rich immune-enhancing diet--a pharmacokinetic randomized controlled study Crit Care Med 2009;37: .501-9

  • Lowe, N. M., Fekete, K., and Decsi, T.: Methods of assessment of zinc status in humans: a systematic review AJCN 2009;89: .2040S-51S

  • Luiking, Y. C. and Deutz, N. E.: Exogenous arginine in sepsis Crit Care Med 2007;35: S557-S563

  • Marik, P. E. and Zaloga, G. P.: Immunonutrition in critically ill patients: a systematic review and analysis of the literature Intensive Care Med 2008;34: .1980-90

  • Marik, P. E. and Zaloga, G. P.: Immunonutrition in high-risk surgical patients: a systematic review and analysis of the literature JPEN 2010;34: .378-86

  • Meydani, Simin N., Barnett, Junaidah B., Dallal, Gerard E., Fine, Basil C., Jacques, Paul F., Leka, Lynette S., and Hamer, Davidson H.: Serum zinc and pneumonia in nursing home elderly AJCN 10-1-2007;86: .1167-73

  • Prasad, Ananda S.: Zinc: Mechanisms of Host Defense J Nutr 5-1-2007;137: .1345-9

  • Rennie, M. J.: Anabolic resistance in critically ill patients Crit Care Med 2009;37: S398-S399

  • Skipper, A.: Challenges in nutrition, pressure ulcers, and wound healing NCP 2010;25: .13-5

  • Stechmiller: Nutrition support for wound healing. Support Line 2009;31: .2-8

  • Stechmiller, J. K.: Understanding the role of nutrition and wound healing NCP 2010;25: .61-8

  • Tjader, I., Berg, A., and Wernerman, J.: Exogenous glutamine--compensating a shortage? Crit Care Med 2007;35: S553-S556

  • Venkatesh, B., Cohen, J., Hickman, I., Nisbet, J., Thomas, P., Ward, G., Hall, J., and Prins, J.: Evidence of altered cortisol metabolism in critically ill patients: a prospective study Intensive Care Med 2007;33: .1746-53

  • Waitzberg, D. L. and Torrinhas, R. S.: Fish oil lipid emulsions and immune response: what clinicians need to know NCP 2009;24: .487-99

  • Weitzel, L. R., Sandoval, P. A., Mayles, W. J., and Wischmeyer, P. E.: Performance-enhancing sports supplements: role in critical care Crit Care Med 2009;37: S400-S409

  • Wendel, M., Paul, R., and Heller, A. R.: Lipoproteins in inflammation and sepsis. II. Clinical aspects Intensive Care Med 2007;33: .25-35

  • Wischmeyer, P. E.: Glutamine: mode of action in critical illness Crit Care Med 2007;35: S541-S544

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Neurological

  • ADA Evidence Analysis Workgroup: EAL: Spinal Cord Injury 2009;  

  • Badjatia, N., Fernandez, L., Schlossberg, M. J., Schmidt, J. M., Claassen, J., Lee, K., Connolly, E. S., Mayer, S. A., and Rosenbaum, M.: Relationship between energy balance and complications after subarachnoid hemorrhage JPEN 2010;34: .64-9

  • Berg, A., Bellander, B. M., Wanecek, M., Gamrin, L., Elving, A., Rooyackers, O., Ungerstedt, U., and Wernerman, J.: Intravenous glutamine supplementation to head trauma patients leaves cerebral glutamate concentration unaffected Intensive Care Med 2006;32: .1741-6

  • Ertmer, C., Rehberg, S., Hahnenkamp, K., and Westphal, M.: Continuous hypertonic saline in neurosurgical critical care--worth its salt? Crit Care Med 2009;37: .2490-1

  • Marian M: Acute spinal cord injuries: nutritional management Support Line 2004;26:

  • McEvoy, C., Cooke, S. R., and Young, I. S.: A reduced abbreviated indirect calorimetry protocol is clinically acceptable for use in spontaneously breathing patients with traumatic brain injury NCP 2009;24: .513-9

  • Perel, P., Yanagawa, T., Bunn, F., Roberts, I., Wentz, R., and Pierro, A.: Nutritional support for head-injured patients Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2006;CD001530

  • Rajpal: Nutritional management of traumatic brain injury patients. Support Line 2-22-2009;31: .10-9

  • Rhoney, D. H. and Parker, D., Jr.: Considerations in fluids and electrolytes after traumatic brain injury NCP 2006;21: .462-78

  • Timmons, S. D.: Current trends in neurotrauma care Crit Care Med 2010;38: S431-S444

Pancreatitis

  • Bahn L, Fessler T, and Parrish C: Complicated Pancratitis: from hospital to home to clinic - one team's approach Support Line 2006;28: 3

  • Byrne, K. R. and Adler, D. G.: Marathon Pancreatitis: A Distinct Clinical Entity J Clin Gastroenterol. 8-14-2010;

  • Callery, Mark P. and Freedman, Steven D.: A 21-Year-Old Man With Chronic Pancreatitis JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 4-2-2008;299: .1588-94

  • Duggan, S., O'Sullivan, M., Feehan, S., Ridgway, P., and Conlon, K.: Nutrition treatment of deficiency and malnutrition in chronic pancreatitis: a review NCP 2010;25: .362-70

  • Fonseca Chebli, J. M., Mendes Moraes, J. M., Chebli, L. A., and Gaburri, P. D.: Oral Refeeding in Acute Pancreatitis: Solid Evidence on Solid Food? J Clin Gastroenterol. 6-8-2010;

  • Fuentes-Orozco, C., Cervantes-Guevara, G., Mucino-Hernandez, I., Lopez-Ortega, A., mbriz-Gonzalez, G., Gutierrez-de-la-Rosa JL, Gomez-Herrera, E., Hermosillo-Sandoval, J. M., and Gonzalez-Ojeda, A.: L-alanyl-L-glutamine-supplemented parenteral nutrition decreases infectious morbidity rate in patients with severe acute pancreatitis JPEN 2008;32: .403-11

  • Keel, M., Harter, L., Reding, T., Sun, L. K., Hersberger, M., Seifert, B., Bimmler, D., and Graf, R.: Pancreatic stone protein is highly increased during posttraumatic sepsis and activates neutrophil granulocytes Crit Care Med 2009;37: .1642-8

  • Kristiansen, Louise, Gronbaek, Morten, Becker, Ulrik, and Tolstrup, Janne Schurmann: Risk of Pancreatitis According to Alcohol Drinking Habits: A Population-based Cohort Study AJE 10-15-2008;168: .932-7

  • Marik, P. E. and Zaloga, G. P.: Meta-analysis of parenteral nutrition versus enteral nutrition in patients with acute pancreatitis BMJ 6-12-2004;328: 1407

  • McClave, S. A., Chang, W. K., Dhaliwal, R., and Heyland, D. K.: Nutrition support in acute pancreatitis: a systematic review of the literature JPEN 2006;30: .143-56

  • Moraes, J. M., Felga, G. E., Chebli, L. A., Franco, M. B., Gomes, C. A., Gaburri, P. D., Zanini, A., and Chebli, J. M.: A full solid diet as the initial meal in mild acute pancreatitis is safe and result in a shorter length of hospitalization: results from a prospective, randomized, controlled, double-blind clinical trial J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44: .517-22

  • Owira, P. M. and Winter, T. A.: Colonic energy salvage in chronic pancreatic exocrine insufficiency JPEN 2008;32: .63-71

  • Pappas, S., Krzywda, E., and McDowell, N.: Nutrition and pancreaticoduodenectomy NCP 2010;25: .234-43

  • Petrov, M. S.: Oral refeeding in acute pancreatitis: solid evidence on solid food? J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44: .525-6

  • Pitchumoni, C. S., Rubin, A., and Das, K.: Pancreatitis in inflammatory bowel diseases J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44: .246-53

  • Romano: Home nutrition support for chronic pancreatitis. Support Line 2008;30: .24-8

  • Thomson, A.: Nutrition therapy in acute pancreatitis JPEN 2006;30: .536-7

  • Torpy, Janet M., Lynm, Cassio, and Glass, Richard M.: Pancreatitis JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 4-2-2008;299: 1630

  • Trikudanathan, G. and Navaneethan, U.: Association of Pancreatitis With Inflammatory Bowel Disease J Clin Gastroenterol. 5-20-2010;

  • Wang, X., Li, W., Li, N., and Li, J.: Omega-3 fatty acids-supplemented parenteral nutrition decreases hyperinflammatory response and attenuates systemic disease sequelae in severe acute pancreatitis: a randomized and controlled study JPEN 2008;32: .236-41

  • Yadav, D., Hawes, R. H., Brand, R. E., Anderson, M. A., Money, M. E., Banks, P. A., Bishop, M. D., Baillie, J., Sherman, S., DiSario, J., Burton, F. R., Gardner, T. B., Amann, S. T., Gelrud, A., Lawrence, C., Elinoff, B., Greer, J. B., O'Connell, M., Barmada, M. M., Slivka, A., and Whitcomb, D. C.: Alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, and the risk of recurrent acute and chronic pancreatitis Archives of Internal Medicine 6-8-2009;169: .1035-45

  • Yang, Alice L., Vadhavkar, Shweta, Singh, Gurkirpal, and Omary, M. Bishr: Epidemiology of Alcohol-Related Liver and Pancreatic Disease in the United States Archives of Internal Medicine 3-24-2008;168: .649-56

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Parenteral Nutrition

  • Arends, J.: To live or not to live: parenteral nutrition in subjects with isolated gut failure JPEN 2010;34: .450-1

  • Baxter, J. P., Fayers, P. M., and McKinlay, A. W.: The clinical and psychometric validation of a questionnaire to assess the quality of life of adult patients treated with long-term parenteral nutrition JPEN 2010;34: .131-42

  • Bertolini, G., Iapichino, G., Radrizzani, D., Facchini, R., Simini, B., Bruzzone, P., Zanforlin, G., and Tognoni, G.: Early enteral immunonutrition in patients with severe sepsis: results of an interim analysis of a randomized multicentre clinical trial Intensive Care Med 2003;29: .834-40

  • Bistrian, B. R.: Update on total parenteral nutrition AJCN 2001;74: .153-4

  • Bistrian, B. R.: Parenteral feeding and intensive insulin therapy Crit Care Med 2010;38: .1922-3

  • Calder, P. C., Jensen, G. L., Koletzko, B. V., Singer, P., and Wanten, G. J.: Lipid emulsions in parenteral nutrition of intensive care patients: current thinking and future directions Intensive Care Med 2010;36: .735-49

  • Cave, G. and Harvey, M.: Lipid emulsion as antidotal therapy--ready to register? Crit Care Med 2009;37: .2325-6

  • Cereda, E.: Parenteral nutrition in intensive care patients with sepsis: is it dangerous when indications are complied? Crit Care Med 2009;37: .1176-7

  • Chen, B., Zhou, Y., Yang, P., Wan, H. W., and Wu, X. T.: Safety and efficacy of fish oil-enriched parenteral nutrition regimen on postoperative patients undergoing major abdominal surgery: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials JPEN 2010;34: .387-94

  • Curtis, C. and Sacks, G. S.: Compounding parenteral nutrition: reducing the risks NCP 2009;24: .441-6

  • de Meijer, V. E., Gura, K. M., Le, H. D., Meisel, J. A., and Puder, M.: Fish oil-based lipid emulsions prevent and reverse parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease: the Boston experience JPEN 2009;33: .541-7

  • de Meijer, V. E., Gura, K. M., and Puder, M.: Parenteral nutrition in the critically ill patient NEJM 1-7-2010;362: .81-2

  • Dotson, B. and Tennenberg, S. D.: Parenteral nutrition in the critically ill patient NEJM 1-7-2010;362: .82-4

  • Dudrick, S. J.: Innovation, persistence, and proficiency in parenteral nutrition NCP 2009;24: .436-40

  • Elke, G., Schadler, D., Engel, C., Bogatsch, H., Frerichs, I., Ragaller, M., Scholz, J., Brunkhorst, F. M., Loffler, M., Reinhart, K., and Weiler, N.: Current practice in nutritional support and its association with mortality in septic patients--results from a national, prospective, multicenter study Crit Care Med 2008;36: .1762-7

  • Elkhatib, I., Cao, W., Rao, S., Fryer, J., and Buchman, A. L.: Serum B12 concentration is elevated in patients receiving chronic parenteral nutrition, but is not a marker of intestinal failure-associated liver disease J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44: .571-4

  • Estivariz, C. F., Griffith, D. P., Luo, M., Szeszycki, E. E., Bazargan, N., Dave, N., Daignault, N. M., Bergman, G. F., McNally, T., Battey, C. H., Furr, C. E., Hao, L., Ramsay, J. G., Accardi, C. R., Cotsonis, G. A., Jones, D. P., Galloway, J. R., and Ziegler, T. R.: Efficacy of parenteral nutrition supplemented with glutamine dipeptide to decrease hospital infections in critically ill surgical patients JPEN 2008;32: .389-402

  • Fan, B. G.: Effects of parenteral nutrition on the exocrine pancreas in response to cholecystokinin JPEN 2008;32: .57-62

  • Ferrie, S.: Parenteral nutrition in the critically ill patient NEJM 1-7-2010;362: .83-4

  • Friesecke, S., Lotze, C., Kohler, J., Heinrich, A., Felix, S. B., and Abel, P.: Fish oil supplementation in the parenteral nutrition of critically ill medical patients: a randomised controlled trial Intensive Care Med 2008;34: .1411-20

  • Fuhrman, M. P.: Intradialytic parenteral nutrition and intraperitoneal nutrition NCP 2009;24: .470-80

  • Garcia-Rodicio, S., Abajo, C., Godoy, M., and Catala, M. A.: Development and implementation of an audit tool for quality control of parenteral nutrition NCP 2009;24: .500-7

  • Gasser E, Parekh N: Parenteral nutrition: macronutrient composition and requirements Support Line 2005;27: 6

  • Gramlich, L., Kichian, K., Pinilla, J., Rodych, N. J., Dhaliwal, R., and Heyland, D. K.: Does enteral nutrition compared to parenteral nutrition result in better outcomes in critically ill adult patients? A systematic review of the literature Nutrition 2004;20: .843-8

  • Gulland, A.: Parenteral nutrition is given inappropriately in almost a third of adult cases, report says BMJ 2010;340: c3267

  • Gura, K. M.: Is there still a role for peripheral parenteral nutrition? NCP 2009;24: .709-17

  • Gura, Kathleen M., Lee, Sang, Valim, Clarissa, Zhou, Jing, Kim, Sendia, Modi, Biren P., Arsenault, Danielle A., Strijbosch, Robbert A. M., Lopes, Suzanne, Duggan, Christopher, and Puder, Mark: Safety and Efficacy of a Fish-Oil-Based Fat Emulsion in the Treatment of Parenteral Nutrition-Associated Liver Disease Pediatrics 3-1-2008;121: e678-e686

  • Hammond K: Challenges With Central Venous Access Devices in Adults Receiving Home Parenteral Nutrition Support Line 6-1-2008;30: 3

  • Hardy, G. and Hardy, I. J.: Can glutamine enable the critically ill to cope better with infection? JPEN 2008;32: .489-91

  • Hardy, G. and Puzovic, M.: Formulation, stability, and administration of parenteral nutrition with new lipid emulsions NCP 2009;24: .616-25

  • Heidegger, C. P., Romand, J. A., Treggiari, M. M., and Pichard, C.: Is it now time to promote mixed enteral and parenteral nutrition for the critically ill patient? Intensive Care Med 2007;33: .963-9

  • Hermsen, J. L., Gomez, F. E., Maeshima, Y., Sano, Y., Kang, W., and Kudsk, K. A.: Decreased enteral stimulation alters mucosal immune chemokines JPEN 2008; 32: .36-44

  • Hermsen, J. L., Gomez, F. E., Sano, Y., Kang, W., Maeshima, Y., and Kudsk, K. A.: Parenteral feeding depletes pulmonary lymphocyte populations JPEN 2009;33: .535-40

  • Heyland, D. K., Dhaliwal, R., and McClave, S.: If you don't connect the dots, you may not see the whole picture! JPEN 2008;32: .486-8

  • Jeejeebhoy, K. N.: Total parenteral nutrition: potion or poison? AJCN 2001;74: .160-3

  • Joy, J., Silvestri, A. P., Franke, R., Bistrian, B. R., Nehne, J., Newton, D. W., and Driscoll, D. F.: Calcium and phosphate compatibility in low-osmolarity parenteral nutrition admixtures intended for peripheral vein administration JPEN 2010;34: .46-54

  • Kochevar M: Standardized Parenteral Nutrition: What Does This Mean? Support Line 6-1-2008;30: 21

  • Kohli-Seth, R., Sinha, R., Wilson, S., Bassily-Marcus, A., and Benjamin, E.: Adult parenteral nutrition utilization at a tertiary care hospital NCP 2009;24: .728-32

  • Marik, P. E.: Death by TPN... the final chapter? Crit Care Med 2008;36: .1964-5

  • Mehanna, H. M., Moledina, J., and Travis, J.: Refeeding syndrome: what it is, and how to prevent and treat it BMJ 6-28-2008;336: .1495-8

  • Miller, S. J.: Death resulting from overzealous total parenteral nutrition: the refeeding syndrome revisited NCP 2008;23: .166-71

  • Miller, S. J.: Commercial premixed parenteral nutrition: Is it right for your institution? NCP 2009;24: .459-69

  • Mirtallo, J., Canada, T., Johnson, D., Kumpf, V., Petersen, C., Sacks, G., Seres, D., and Guenter, P.: Safe practices for parenteral nutrition JPEN 2004;28: S39-S70

  • Mirtallo, J. M., Hawksworth, K., and Payne, B.: A nutrition support service web application to manage patients receiving parenteral nutrition NCP 2009;24: .447-58

  • Monturo, C.: The artificial nutrition debate: still an issue... after all these years NCP 2009;24: .206-13

  • Ortiz-Leyba, C., Garnacho-Montero, J., and Dominguez, A. C.: Sepsis, mortality, and parenteral nutrition: the risk of dualism on nutritional support Crit Care Med 2009;37: .1179-80

  • Peris, A., di, Valvasone S., and Zagli, G.: Parenteral nutrition in the critically ill patient NEJM 1-7-2010;362: .82-3

  • Pontes-Arruda, A.: Using parenteral fish oil to modulate inflammatory response JPEN 2010;34: .344-5

  • Puiggros, C., Sanchez, J., Chacon, P., Sabin, P., Rosello, J., Bou, R., and Planas, M.: Evolution of lipid profile, liver function, and pattern of plasma fatty acids according to the type of lipid emulsion administered in parenteral nutrition in the early postoperative period after digestive surgery JPEN 2009;33: .501-12

  • Radrizzani, D., Bertolini, G., Facchini, R., Simini, B., Bruzzone, P., Zanforlin, G., Tognoni, G., and Iapichino, G.: Early enteral immunonutrition vs. parenteral nutrition in critically ill patients without severe sepsis: a randomized clinical trial Intensive Care Med 2006;32: .1191-8

  • Roberts: Indications for parenteral nutrition: agreement with the ASPEN guidelines. Support Line 2009;31: .22-8

  • Rollins, C. J.: Effects of intravenous lipid emulsions in postoperative patients JPEN 2009;33: .571-2

  • Saely, C. H., Rein, P., and Drexel, H.: Combination lipid therapy in type 2 diabetes NEJM 8-12-2010;363: .692-5

  • Scurlock, C. S., Raikhelkar, J., and Mechanick, J.: Parenteral nutrition in the critically ill patient NEJM 1-7-2010;362: .81-4

  • Stratman, R. C., Martin, C. A., Rapp, R. P., Berger, R., and Magnuson, B.: Candidemia incidence in recipients of parenteral nutrition NCP 2010;25: .282-9

  • Thomson, A.: The enteral vs parenteral nutrition debate revisited JPEN 2008;32: .474-81

  • Versleijen, Michelle W., Oyen, Wim J., Roelofs, Hennie M., van Emst-de Vries, Sjenet, Willems, Peter H., Jansen, Jan B., and Wanten, Geert J.: Immune function and leukocyte sequestration under the influence of parenteral lipid emulsions in healthy humans: a placebo-controlled crossover study AJCN 3-1-2008;87: .539-47

  • Waitzberg, D. L., Torrinhas, R. S., and Jacintho, T. M.: New parenteral lipid emulsions for clinical use JPEN 2006;30: .351-67

  • Wanten, G. J. and Calder, P. C.: Immune modulation by parenteral lipid emulsions AJCN 2007;85: .1171-84

  • Zauner, C., Schuster, B. I., and Schneeweiss, B.: Similar metabolic responses to standardized total parenteral nutrition of septic and nonseptic critically ill patients AJCN 2001;74: .265-70

  • Ziegler, T. R.: Parenteral nutrition in the critically ill patient NEJM 9-10-2009;361: .1088-97

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Pulmonary 

  • ADA Evidence Analysis Workgroup: EAL: COPD Energy Needs 2009;http://www.adaevidencelibrary.com/topic.cfm?cat=1401  

  • Barr, R. G., Bluemke, D. A., Ahmed, F. S., Carr, J. J., Enright, P. L., Hoffman, E. A., Jiang, R., Kawut, S. M., Kronmal, R. A., Lima, J. A., Shahar, E., Smith, L. J., and Watson, K. E.: Percent emphysema, airflow obstruction, and impaired left ventricular filling NEJM 1-21-2010;362: .217-27

  • Bischoff, E. W., Crockett, A. J., and Schermer, T. R.: Trends in population burden of COPD: actual facts or fallacies? Archives of Internal Medicine 8-9-2010;170: .1408-9

  • Cai, B., Zhu, Y., Ma, Y., Xu, Z., Zao, Y., Wang, J., Lin, Y., and Comer, G. M.: Effect of supplementing a high-fat, low-carbohydrate enteral formula in COPD patients Nutrition 2003;19: .229-32

  • Chow, C. K.: Consumption of cured meats and risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease AJCN 2008;88: 1703

  • Cosio, M. G., Saetta, M., and Agusti, A.: Immunologic aspects of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease NEJM 6-4-2009;360: .2445-54

  • Dickerson, R. N.: Modified EN support for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome   

  • Farooqi, N., Nordstrom, L., Lundgren, R., Sandstrom, T., and Haglin, L.: Changes in body weight and physical performance after receiving dietary advice in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): 1-year follow-up   

  • Faucher, M., Bregeon, F., Gainnier, M., Thirion, X., Auffray, J. P., and Papazian, L.: Cardiopulmonary effects of lipid emulsions in patients with ARDS Chest 2003;124: .285-91

  • Feihl, F. and Broccard, A. F.: Interactions between respiration and systemic hemodynamics. Part I: basic concepts Intensive Care Med 2009;35: .45-54

  • Feihl, F. and Broccard, A. F.: Interactions between respiration and systemic hemodynamics. Part II: practical implications in critical care Intensive Care Med 2009;35: .198-205

  • Ferrie, S.: Re: The use of an inflammation-modulating diet in patients with acute lung injury or acute respiratory distress syndrome: a meta-analysis of outcome data JPEN 2010;34: .452-4

  • Fougeres, E., Teboul, J. L., Richard, C., Osman, D., Chemla, D., and Monnet, X.: Hemodynamic impact of a positive end-expiratory pressure setting in acute respiratory distress syndrome: importance of the volume status Crit Care Med 2010;38: .802-7

  • Frat, J. P., Gissot, V., Ragot, S., Desachy, A., Runge, I., Lebert, C., and Robert, R.: Impact of obesity in mechanically ventilated patients: a prospective study Intensive Care Med 2008;34: .1991-8

  • Gariballa, S., Forster, S., and Powers, H.: Riboflavin status in acutely ill patients and response to dietary supplements JPEN 2009;33: .656-61

  • Gasperino, J. and Kvetan, V.: Acute lung injury and nutritional support Crit Care Med 2006;34: .1265-7

  • Gershon, A. S., Wang, C., Wilton, A. S., Raut, R., and To, T.: Trends in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease prevalence, incidence, and mortality in ontario, Canada, 1996 to 2007: a population-based study Archives of Internal Medicine 3-22-2010;170: .560-5

  • Hemila, H.: Vitamin D level, respiratory tract infections, and controlled trials Archives of Internal Medicine 8-10-2009;169: .1443-4

  • Jiang, Rui, Camargo, Carlos A., Jr., Varraso, Raphaelle, Paik, David C., Willett, Walter C., and Barr, R. Graham: Consumption of cured meats and prospective risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in women AJCN 4-1-2008;87: .1002-8

  • Lamela, J. and Vega, F.: Immunologic aspects of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease NEJM 9-3-2009;361: 1024

  • Liu, M.: ARDS and knowledge translation Intensive Care Med 2008;34: .589-91

  • Mallampalli, A.: Nutritional management of the patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease NCP 2004;19: .550-6

  • Malone, A. M.: The use of specialized enteral formulas in pulmonary disease NCP 2004;19: .557-62

  • McKeever, T. M., Lewis, S. A., Cassano, P. A., Ocke, M., Burney, P., Britton, J., and Smit, H. A.: Patterns of dietary intake and relation to respiratory disease, forced expiratory volume in 1 s, and decline in 5-y forced expiratory volume AJCN 2010;92: .408-15

  • Mizock, B. A. and DeMichele, S. J.: The acute respiratory distress syndrome: role of nutritional modulation of inflammation through dietary lipids NCP 2004;19: .563-74

  • Nazir, T. and Punekar, S.: Images in clinical medicine. Pneumothorax--an uncommon complication of a common procedure NEJM 7-29-2010;363: 462

  • Niewoehner, D. E.: Clinical practice. Outpatient management of severe COPD NEJM 4-15-2010;362: .1407-16

  • Phillips, C. R. and Smith, S. M.: Predicted body weight-indexed extravascular lung water is elevated in acute respiratory distress syndrome Crit Care Med 2009;37: .377-8

  • Pontes-Arruda, A., Demichele, S., Seth, A., and Singer, P.: The use of an inflammation-modulating diet in patients with acute lung injury or acute respiratory distress syndrome: a meta-analysis of outcome data   

  • Scales, D. C. and Gattas, D. J.: Acute respiratory distress syndrome mortality--easier to predict, still hard to be certain Crit Care Med 2009;37: .2110-1

  • Schultz, M. J.: Symbiotics as a preventive measure against ventilator-associated pneumonia Crit Care Med 2010;38: .1506-7

  • Schultz, M. Z.: Outpatient management of severe COPD NEJM 7-29-2010;363: .494-5

  • Schuster, D. P.: The search for "objective" criteria of ARDS Intensive Care Med 2007;33: .400-2

  • Sethi, S. and Murphy, T. F.: Infection in the pathogenesis and course of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease NEJM 11-27-2008;359: .2355-65

  • Sheu, C. C., Gong, M. N., Zhai, R., Bajwa, E. K., Chen, F., Thompson, B. T., and Christiani, D. C.: The influence of infection sites on development and mortality of ARDS Intensive Care Med 2010;36: .963-70

  • Siempos, I. I., Ntaidou, T. K., and Falagas, M. E.: Impact of the administration of probiotics on the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Crit Care Med 2010;38: .954-62

  • Silvestri, L., van Saene, H. K., Gregori, D., Agostini, S., Francescon, M., and Taylor, N.: Probiotics to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia: no robust evidence from randomized controlled trials Crit Care Med 2010;38: .1616-7

  • Singer, P., Theilla, M., Fisher, H., Gibstein, L., Grozovski, E., and Cohen, J.: Benefit of an enteral diet enriched with eicosapentaenoic acid and gamma-linolenic acid in ventilated patients with acute lung injury Crit Care Med 2006;34: .1033-8

  • Singh, S., Loke, Y. K., and Furberg, C. D.: Outpatient management of severe COPD NEJM 7-29-2010;363: .493-4

  • Sorkness, R. L.: CAM and respiratory disease NCP 2009;24: .609-15

  • Suffredini, A. F., Masur, H., and Lynch, J. P., III: Update in pulmonary and critical care medicine Ann.Intern Med 5-4-2010;152: .601-8

  • Varraso, Raphaelle, Fung, Teresa T., Barr, R. Graham, Hu, Frank B., Willett, Walter, and Camargo, Carlos A., Jr.: Prospective study of dietary patterns and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among US women AJCN 8-1-2007;86: .488-95

  • Varraso, Raphaelle, Jiang, Rui, Barr, R. Graham, Willett, Walter C., and Camargo, Carlos A., Jr.: Prospective Study of Cured Meats Consumption and Risk of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Men AJE 12-15-2007;166: .1438-45

  • Vonk-Noordegraaf, A.: The shrinking heart in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease NEJM 1-21-2010;362: .267-8

  • Ward, N. S. and Dushay, K. M.: Clinical concise review: Mechanical ventilation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Crit Care Med 2008;36: .1614-9

  • Weseler, A. R., Geraets, L., Moonen, H. J., Manders, R. J., van Loon, L. J., Pennings, H. J., Wouters, E. F., Bast, A., and Hageman, G. J.: Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1-inhibiting flavonoids attenuate cytokine release in blood from male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or type 2 diabetes J Nutr 2009;139: .952-7

  • Williams JM: Bioelectrical impedance analysis in pulmonary disease Support Line 2006;28: 8

  • Wunsch, H., Linde-Zwirble, W. T., Angus, D. C., Hartman, M. E., Milbrandt, E. B., and Kahn, J. M.: The epidemiology of mechanical ventilation use in the United States Crit Care Med 7-15-2010;

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Renal Dysfunction

  • Aase, S.: Kidney friendly: what the National Kidney Disease Education Program strategic plan means for dietetic practice JADA 2010;110: .346-51

  • Abboud, H. and Henrich, W. L.: Clinical practice. Stage IV chronic kidney disease NEJM 1-7-2010;362: .56-65

  • Ahmad, S. and Himmelfarb, J.: The ABCs of micronutrients in dialysis patients Am J Kidney Dis. 2010;56: .431-3

  • Anderson, R. J.: Kidney in sepsis Crit Care Med 2007;35: .2223-4

  • Appel, L. J., Wright, J. T., Jr., et al: Intensive blood-pressure control in hypertensive chronic kidney disease NEJM 9-2-2010;363: .918-29

  • Bagshaw, S. M. and Gibney, R. T.: Conventional markers of kidney function Crit Care Med 2008;36: S152-S158

  • Barrantes, F., Tian, J., Vazquez, R., moateng-Adjepong, Y., and Manthous, C. A.: Acute kidney injury criteria predict outcomes of critically ill patients Crit Care Med 2008;36: .1397-403

  • Bash, Lori D., Selvin, Elizabeth, Steffes, Michael, Coresh, Josef, and Astor, Brad C.: Poor Glycemic Control in Diabetes and the Risk of Incident Chronic Kidney Disease Even in the Absence of Albuminuria and Retinopathy: Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study Archives of Internal Medicine 12-8-2008;168: .2440-7

  • Bellizzi, V., De, Nicola L., and Di, Iorio B.: Restriction of dietary protein and long-term outcomes in patients with CKD   

  • Bellomo, R., Kellum, J. A., and Ronco, C.: Defining and classifying acute renal failure: from advocacy to consensus and validation of the RIFLE criteria Intensive Care Med 2007;33: .409-13

  • Bellomo, R., Cass, A., Cole, L., Finfer, S., Gallagher, M., Lo, S., McArthur, C., McGuinness, S., Myburgh, J., Norton, R., Scheinkestel, C., and Su, S.: Intensity of continuous renal-replacement therapy in critically ill patients NEJM 10-22-2009;361: .1627-38

  • Bentley, M. L., Corwin, H. L., and Dasta, J.: Drug-induced acute kidney injury in the critically ill adult: recognition and prevention strategies Crit Care Med 2010;38: S169-S174

  • Bernhard, J., Beaufrere, B., Laville, M., and Fouque, D.: Adaptive response to a low-protein diet in predialysis chronic renal failure patients J Am Soc.Nephrol. 2001;12: .1249-54

  • Bernstein, A. M., Treyzon, L., and Li, Z.: Are high-protein, vegetable-based diets safe for kidney function? A review of the literature JADA 2007;107: .644-50

  • Bossola, Maurizio, Muscaritoli, Maurizio, Tazza, Luigi, Giungi, Stefania, Tortorelli, Antonio, Fanelli, Filippo Rossi, and Luciani, Giovanna: Malnutrition in Hemodialysis Patients: What Therapy? Am J Kidney Dis. 2005;46: .371-86

  • Bouzas-Mosquera, A., Vazquez-Rodriguez, J. M., and Peteiro, J.: Acute kidney injury in critically ill patients Crit Care Med 2009;37: 377

  • Brommage, D., Karalis, M., Martin, C., McCarthy, M., Benner, D., Goeddeke-Merickel, C. M., Wiesen, K., Byham-Gray, L., House, J. L., Pavlinac, J., and McCann, L.: American Dietetic Association and the National Kidney Foundation Standards of Practice and Standards of Professional Performance for Registered Dietitians (generalist, specialty, and advanced) in nephrology care JADA 2009;109: .1617-25

  • Bross, R., Chandramohan, G., Kovesdy, C. P., Oreopoulos, A., Noori, N., Golden, S., Benner, D., Kopple, J. D., and Kalantar-Zadeh, K.: Comparing body composition assessment tests in long-term hemodialysis patients Am J Kidney Dis. 2010;55: .885-96

  • Brown, R. O. and Compher, C.: A.S.P.E.N. clinical guidelines: nutrition support in adult acute and chronic renal failure JPEN 2010;34: .366-77

  • Bussemaker, E., Hillebrand, U., Hausberg, M., Pavenstadt, H., and Oberleithner, H.: Pathogenesis of hypertension: interactions among sodium, potassium, and aldosterone Am J Kidney Dis. 2010;55: .1111-20

  • Cano, Noel J. M., Fouque, Denis, Roth, Hubert, Aparicio, Michel, Azar, Raymond, Canaud, Bernard, Chauveau, Philippe, Combe, Christian, Laville, Maurice, Leverve, Xavier M., and the French Study Group for Nutrition in Dialysis: Intradialytic Parenteral Nutrition Does Not Improve Survival in Malnourished Hemodialysis Patients: A 2-Year Multicenter, Prospective, Randomized Study J Am.Society Nephrology 9-1-2007;18: .2583-91

  • Chan LN: Nutrition support in acute renal failure 2004.207-12  

  • Chauveau, P., Couzi, L., Vendrely, B., de, Precigout, V, Combe, C., Fouque, D., and Aparicio, M.: Long-term outcome on renal replacement therapy in patients who previously received a keto acid-supplemented very-low-protein diet AJCN 2009;90: .969-74

  • Chronopoulos, A., Rosner, M. H., Cruz, D. N., and Ronco, C.: Acute kidney injury in elderly intensive care patients: a review Intensive Care Med 2010;36: .1454-64

  • Clement, F. M., Klarenbach, S., Tonelli, M., Johnson, J. A., and Manns, B. J.: The impact of selecting a high hemoglobin target level on health-related quality of life for patients with chronic kidney disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis Archives of Internal Medicine 6-22-2009;169: .1104-12

  • Cooper, B. E.: Diuresis in renal failure: treat the patient, not the urine output Crit Care Med 2009;37: .761-2

  • Coresh, Josef, Selvin, Elizabeth, Stevens, Lesley A., Manzi, Jane, Kusek, John W., Eggers, Paul, Van Lente, Frederick, and Levey, Andrew S.: Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease in the United States JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 11-7-2007;298: .2038-47

  • Crews, D. C., Charles, R. F., Evans, M. K., Zonderman, A. B., and Powe, N. R.: Poverty, race, and CKD in a racially and socioeconomically diverse urban population Am J Kidney Dis. 2010;55: .992-1000

  • Cuhaci, B.: Continuous renal replacement therapy circuit contamination: new tale of an old problem? Crit Care Med 2009;37: .754-5

  • Davenport, A.: Clinical guidelines for the protection of kidney function and prevention of acute kidney injury in the intensive care unit: common sense rather than magic bullets? Intensive Care Med 2010;36: .379-80

  • Davidson, I. J.: Acute kidney injury by hydroxyethyl starch: Can the risks be mitigated? Crit Care Med 2009;37: .1499-501

  • de, Mutsert R., Grootendorst, D. C., Boeschoten, E. W., Brandts, H., van Manen, J. G., Krediet, R. T., and Dekker, F. W.: Subjective global assessment of nutritional status is strongly associated with mortality in chronic dialysis patients AJCN 2009;89: .787-93

  • Delannoy, B., Floccard, B., Thiolliere, F., Kaaki, M., Badet, M., Rosselli, S., Ber, C. E., Saez, A., Flandreau, G., and Guerin, C.: Six-month outcome in acute kidney injury requiring renal replacement therapy in the ICU: a multicentre prospective study Intensive Care Med 2009;35: .1907-15

  • Dennen, P., Douglas, I. S., and Anderson, R.: Acute kidney injury in the intensive care unit: an update and primer for the intensivist Crit Care Med 2010;38: .261-75

  • Drawz: Chronic Kidney Disease Annals of Internal Medicine 2-3-2009;150: .ITC2-1

  • Druml, W., Metnitz, B., Schaden, E., Bauer, P., and Metnitz, P. G.: Impact of body mass on incidence and prognosis of acute kidney injury requiring renal replacement therapy Intensive Care Med 2010;36: .1221-8

  • du, Cheyron D. and Parienti, J. J.: Intensity of continuous renal-replacement therapy NEJM 2-4-2010;362: .467-8

  • Dukkipati, R., Kalantar-Zadeh, K., and Kopple, J. D.: Is there a role for intradialytic parenteral nutrition? A review of the evidence Am J Kidney Dis. 2010;55: .352-64

  • Dyer, A. R.: Invited commentary: evaluation of measures of urinary albumin excretion in epidemiologic studies AJE 10-15-2006;164: .728-30

  • Einhorn, L. M., Zhan, M., Hsu, V. D., Walker, L. D., Moen, M. F., Seliger, S. L., Weir, M. R., and Fink, J. C.: The frequency of hyperkalemia and its significance in chronic kidney disease Archives of Internal Medicine 6-22-2009;169: .1156-62

  • Elsayed, E. F., Sarnak, M. J., Tighiouart, H., Griffith, J. L., Kurth, T., Salem, D. N., Levey, A. S., and Weiner, D. E.: Waist-to-hip ratio, body mass index, and subsequent kidney disease and death Am J Kidney Dis. 2008;52: .29-38

  • Elsayed, E. F., Tighiouart, H., Weiner, D. E., Griffith, J., Salem, D., Levey, A. S., and Sarnak, M. J.: Waist-to-hip ratio and body mass index as risk factors for cardiovascular events in CKD Am J Kidney Dis. 2008;52: .49-57

  • Falke, R. M.: Stage IV chronic kidney disease NEJM 5-20-2010;362: 1942

  • Fassett, R. G., Gobe, G. C., Peake, J. M., and Coombes, J. S.: Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in the Treatment of Kidney Disease Am J Kidney Dis. 5-19-2010;

  • Foster, M. C., Hwang, S. J., Larson, M. G., Lichtman, J. H., Parikh, N. I., Vasan, R. S., Levy, D., and Fox, C. S.: Overweight, obesity, and the development of stage 3 CKD: the Framingham Heart Study Am J Kidney Dis. 2008;52: .39-48

  • Fouque, D., Laville, M., and Boissel, J. P.: Low protein diets for chronic kidney disease in non diabetic adults Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2006;CD001892

  • Fourtounas, C. and Vlachojannis, J. G.: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D status and cardiovascular outcomes in chronic peritoneal dialysis patients AJCN 2009;89: .436-8

  • Fox, Caroline S. and Muntner, Paul: Trends in Diabetes, High Cholesterol, and Hypertension in Chronic Kidney Disease Among U.S. Adults: 1988-1994 to 1999-2004 Diabetes Care 7-1-2008;31: .1337-42

  • Fry, A. C. and Farrington, K.: Management of acute renal failure Postgrad.Med J 2006;82: .106-16

  • Gansevoort, Ronald T., Brinkman, Jacoline, Bakker, Stephan J. L., De Jong, Paul E., and de Zeeuw, Dick: Evaluation of Measures of Urinary Albumin Excretion AJE 10-15-2006;164: .725-7

  • Gansevoort, Ronald T., Brinkman, Jacoline, Bakker, Stephan J. L., De Jong, Paul E., and de Zeeuw, Dick: Using Measures of Albumin Excretion - Response AJE 10-15-2006;164: .731-2

  • Gordon, P. L. and Frassetto, L. A.: Management of osteoporosis in CKD Stages 3 to 5 Am J Kidney Dis. 2010;55: .941-56

  • Groesdonk, H. V. and Heringlake, M.: The kidney in acute renal failure: innocent bystander, victim or still a suspect? Intensive Care Med 2010;36: .389-91

  • Hemmelgarn, B. R., Manns, B. J., Lloyd, A., James, M. T., Klarenbach, S., Quinn, R. R., Wiebe, N., and Tonelli, M.: Relation between kidney function, proteinuria, and adverse outcomes JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 2-3-2010;303: .423-9

  • Herbland, A., El, Zein, I, Valentino, R., Cassinotto, C., Meunier, C., Rieux, D., and Mehdaoui, H.: Star fruit poisoning is potentially life-threatening in patients with moderate chronic renal failure Intensive Care Med 2009;35: .1459-63

  • Hirsch, S.: Stage IV chronic kidney disease NEJM 5-20-2010;362: .1942-3

  • Hoefield, R. A., Kalra, P. A., Baker, P., Lane, B., New, J. P., O'Donoghue, D. J., Foley, R. N., and Middleton, R. J.: Factors Associated With Kidney Disease Progression and Mortality in a Referred CKD Population Am J Kidney Dis. 8-6-2010;

  • Holick, M. F.: Vitamin D for health and in chronic kidney disease Semin.Dial. 2005;18: .266-75

  • Hoste, E. A. and Schurgers, M.: Epidemiology of acute kidney injury: how big is the problem? Crit Care Med 2008;36: S146-S151

  • Hristova, M., van, Beek C., Schurgers, L. J., Lanske, B., and Danziger, J.: Rapidly Progressive Severe Vascular Calcification Sparing the Kidney Allograft Following Warfarin Initiation Am J Kidney Dis. 9-1-2010;

  • Hung, S. C. and Tarng, D. C.: Adiposity and insulin resistance in nondiabetic hemodialysis patients: effects of high energy supplementation AJCN 2009;90: .64-9

  • Ikizler, T. A.: Dietary protein restriction in CKD: the debate continues   

  • Ingelfinger, J. R.: Hypertension control in African-American patients with chronic kidney disease NEJM 9-2-2010;363: .974-6

  • Joannidis, M. and Forni, L. G.: CRRT still far from being a standardised BEST treatment? Intensive Care Med 2007;33: .1503-5

  • Joannidis, M., Druml, W., Forni, L. G., Groeneveld, A. B., Honore, P., Oudemans-van Straaten, H. M., Ronco, C., Schetz, M. R., and Woittiez, A. J.: Prevention of acute kidney injury and protection of renal function in the intensive care unit. Expert opinion of the Working Group for Nephrology, ESICM Intensive Care Med 2010;36: .392-411

  • Johansen, K. L.: Chronic kidney disease in elderly individuals Archives of Internal Medicine 6-14-2010;170: .926-7

  • Kalousova, M., Kubena, A. A., Kostirova, M., Vinglerova, M., Ing, O. M., Dusilova-Sulkova, S., Tesar, V., and Zima, T.: Lower retinol levels as an independent predictor of mortality in long-term hemodialysis patients: a prospective observational cohort study   

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