University of Washington Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

CEE 484 Decentralized and Onsite Wastewater Management and Reuse

Technology, Ecology, Policy and Appropriate Solutions

Spring Quarter 2007



Required text: Crites, R. and G. Tchobanoglous, (1998) Small and Decentralized Wastewater Management Systems, McGraw-Hill, ISBN 0-07-289087-8


Additional required readings: Any additional assigned readings will be made available through class handouts, course website downloads, or the University of Washington library.

Supplemental readings: Throughout the quarter if there is supplemental reading material it will be posted here. In addition, there is an onsite and decentralized library in Linda’s office. Materials can be reviewed in the office, or borrowed short-term for photocopying. USEPA Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems Manuals are available for students to check out.

Onsite and decentralized web resources: This is by no means meant to be an all inclusive list of web resources, it has been provided here as an additional resource to aid in pre-class preparation, homework assignments, group projects, or if you would like to learn more about onsite and decentralized resources available on the web. Throughout the quarter please contact Linda with any websites that you think are informative and helpful to add to the list.

National: return to top

The Consortium of Institutes for Decentralized Wastewater Treatment

National Small Flows Clearinghouse

USEPA Septic Systems

American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers On-Site Wastewater Treatment Publications

Onsite Water Treatment Journal

National Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association

American Geological Institute free PDF download of booklet, "Sustaining our Soils and Society"

Natural Resources Conservation Service web version of the "Soil Biology Primer", use navigation bar on left side, links to chapters are on left side under "Soil Biology" link

Watercycle Management for New Developments

CWRS On-Site Wastewater Research Program

International: return to top

World Health Organization, Water, Sanitation and Health

United Nations Environment Programme, International Source Book on Environmentally Sound Technologies for Wastewater and Stormwater Management

United Nations Human Development Programme

Sandec Department of Water and Sanitation in Developing Countries

Regional: return to top

The Washington On-site Sewage Association (WOSSA)

Puget Sound Action Team Hood Canal Dissolved Oxygen Program

City of Austin Onsite Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Fact Sheets

University of Rhode Island Water Quality Program

Texas Cooperative Extension Onsite Wastewater Treatment and Reuse

Northern Arizona University Onsite Wastewater Demonstration Project

Innovative and Alternative On-site Wastewater Treatment Technologies Handbook

Purdue On-Site Wastewater Disposal

University of Minnesota University Extension Service Onsite Sewage Treatment Program

Southwestern Opportunities Network Septic Tank Page

University of Minnesota Extension

Washington Seagrant Septic Sense, Scents, Cents

The Massachusetts Alternative Septic System Test Center

Tennessee Valley Authority Clean Marinas and Clean Boating

Byron Shire Australia Design Guidelines for On-site Sewage Management for Single Households

Links for onsite regulations by state or territory: return to top


Arizona Arizona







Idaho Idaho Idaho Idaho

Illinois Illinois

Iowa Iowa Iowa Iowa

Louisiana - see Linda for hard copy of part 13 of the Louisiana Sanitary Code



Michigan Michigan Michigan does not have a state wide Sanitary Code, there are 45 county agencies that have Individual Sanitary Regulations. Links take you to some aspects that are directly overseen at the state level.

Minnesota Minnesota



Nebraska Nebraska

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio Ohio Direct discharge

Oklahoma Oklahoma


Pennsylvania Pennsylvania

Rhode Island Rhode Island

South Dakota


Virgin Islands


Washington Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin Wisconsin Wisconsin

Wyoming Wyoming - see part D

Misc: return to top

River Network Understanding the Clean Water Act

David Venhuizen

Lombardo Associates Cluster Wastewater Systems Planning Handbook

Feng Shui for septic tanks

Manufacturers: return to top



Ozzi Kleen


Orenco Systems, Inc

Composting Toilets: return to top

Ecological Sanitation

Excerpt of the Composting Toilet System Book



Sanitation Connection

The Clivus Multrum

The Clivus Multrum

The Humanure Handbook

Advanced Composting Systems