VOWEL CODES

 

                                                                  CLASS

ŕ

non-ASCII

“short” vowels medial and final

 

LONG

medial and final

INITIAL

[double

character]

او اي

INITIAL

[double

character]

او اي

INITIAL

[short

single

character]

[elif + hareket]

INITIAL

[short

single

character]

[elif + hareket]

Turkish added

VOWEL

[medial,

final]

Turkish

added

VOWEL

[medial,

final]

Converts to

and

other

Converts

to

and

other

NUMBER

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

o/O

ö/Ö

ō/Ō

o/O

ö/Ö

o/O

ö/Ö

o

ö

 

 

u/U

ü/Ü

ū/Ū

u/U

ü/Ü

u/U

ü/Ü

u

ü

u

ü

i

ı/I

ī/Ī

i

ı/I

i

ı/I

i

ı

ki” he

ī [خويش]

a/A

[voc. he]

ā/Ā

ā/Ā

a/A

a/A

a/A

[dagger elif]

a

ā [خواب]

[elif maḳsūr]

e/E

[voc. he]

ė

[written ]

 

 

 

e/E

tanwīn

an

ً

tanwīn

en

ً

tanwīn

un

ٌ

tanwīn

in

ٍ

 

·       ki he” represents the final “he” [ه ]in the Persian كه which is usually transcribed as “ki” rather than “ke”.

·       Examples of vowels

 

·         بلوكده  => bo0lu7kde0 => bölükde (bölükte would transcribe as bo0lu7kd7e0.  See the “Consonants Chart” for “stopped voiced consonants.)   [u7 is a Turkish vowel represented by an A/O script letter [و]. “e0” is the “vocalic he” which is always final.]

·         كوردى    => go0rdu9 => gördü

·         اولدى    =>  o2ldu8 => oldu

·         آلدى   =>  a3ldi7  => aldı

·         اصول  => u4s3u1l  => uṣūl [The “initial short” vowels are mostly used in transcribing Arabic words in which the initial vowel is short and carried by elif.]

 

            Note that the large proliferation of vowels is required by the fact that Ottoman Turkish represents vowels by letters in cases where the vowels are not necessarily “long” by prosodic standards.  By giving these vowels special representation, the scheme allows transformation into “normal” Ottoman transcription systems while still retaining the exact A/O script spelling of the words.  Otherwise a reversible transcription would require Turkish words to be spelled with “long” vowels, for example, āldī for aldı or ōldī for oldu.  Attending carefully to the A/O script vowels of Turkish words will eventually allow a study of the spelling (and the history of spelling) of Turkish in the A/O script.