Note on writing a "policy brief" [Note: most of this is applicable, although for assignment 1 the focus is on analysis, not on advocating for a particular position.]
Two previous papers, to glance at for writing style. These papers come from previous IDCP students from the Managing Policy course, but give you a flavor of the intended style of writing for assignments.
Paper on Chilean fish farms.
MacArthur Foundation Report: "International Commission on Education for Sustainable Development Practice." (these are selected pages from the report).
Evans School PBAF 531, Winter 2010
Instructor: Mary Kay Gugerty
Office: Parrington 220
Week 2 Readings
The Transfer of Reality." Chapter 4 in "Whose Reality Counts?: Putting the Last First."
Robert Chambers, "Professional Realities." Chapter 3 in "Whose Reality Counts?: Putting the Last First."
Week 3 Readings
Coglianese, Cary, The Design of Global Institutions. In Keohane and Nye, Globalization and Governance.
Keck and Sikkink- Transnational Advocacy Networks in International and Regional Politics. UNESCO 1999.
If you weren't in PbAf 533 last quarter, please read PowerShift, by Jessica Matthews.
Globalization, theState, and the Democratic Deficit, by Sassia Sasken at:
Case: The Narmada Dam in India
Khagram, Sanjeev, "Transnational Struggles for Water and Power." Chapter 1 in "Dams and Development. Cornell University Press.
Khagram, Sanjeev, Restructuring the Global Politics of Development: The Case of India's Narmada Valley Dams.' In Khagram, Riker and Sikkink, eds. Restructuring World Politics. 2002.
Week 3 Readings
Lant Pritchet and Michael Woolcock, Solutions When the Solution is the Problem: Arraying the Disarray in Development. World Development 32(2). 2004.
Grindle, Merilee, Good Enough Governance Revisited, Development Policy Review, 2007.
Evans, "Predatory, Developmental, and Other Apparatuses: A Comparative Political Economy Perspective on the Third World State." Sociological Forum, 4(4)
Klitgaard, Robert, Corrupt Cities. Chapter 2,Chapter 3, Chapter 4 (pp 49-55; 60-62), and Chapter 5. [Chapters are short! Read in conjunction with case below. I've whited out the sections that deal with La Paz, but will pass them out in class).
Case: KSG: Corruption in La Paz: A Mayor Fights City Hall,Case # 1523.0
Available for purchase and download at http://ksgcase.harvard.edu. Note: this is not the same case as used in PbAf 511. That case is "Dealing with Corruption in the Police Force of La Paz."
Week 4 Readings - Decentralization
Pranab Bardhan, "Decentralization of Governance and Development." Journal of Economic Perspectives, 16(4): 185-205.
Cases of Decentralization:
Hediz, Vedi, 2004. "Decentralization and Democracy in Indonesia: A Critique of Neo-Institutionalist Perspectives." Development and Change, 35(4).
Francis, P. and R James, "Balancing Rural Poverty Reduction and Citizen Participation: The Contradictions of Uganda's Decentralization Program," World Development, Vol 31 No 2, p 325-338. (Feb 2003)
Heller, Peter. "Moving the State: The Politics of Democractic Decentralization in Kerala, South Africa and Porto Alegre." Politics and Society. 29(1)
Week 5 Readings
Fawthrop, T. "Cuba: Is it a Model in the HIV-AIDS Battle?" Panos, Dec 2003. http://www.panos.org.uk/?lid=19717
Ortells, P. "Brazil: A model Response to AIDs," Interhemispheric Resource Center, April 2003.
Reardon, C. "AIDS: How Brazil Turned the Tide" Ford Foundation Report. Summer 2002. Apologies, this Ford Foundation report on Brazil seems to have been pulled. Here are some alternate resources to look at:
"Look at Brazil" Tina Rosenberg, New York Times Magazine, Jan 28, 2001
Brazil: A Model Response to HIV/AIDS? PBS Frontline special:
World Bank. World Development Report 2004, Making Services Work for Poor People, Chapter 10. (Chapter 6 is no longer required).
Week 6 - Development Projects
Hirschman, Albert. Exerpts from "The Hiding Hand," Chapter 1 and "Uncertainties," Chapter 2 in Development Projects Observed, Brookings, 1967. [Read Chapter 1 to get the main ideas - you don't need to do a super-close reading of this. Skim Chapter 2 to get a sense of the uncertainties he discusses.]
Chambers, Rural Development: Putting the Last First. Chapter 1, "Rural Poverty Unperceived." Longman Press, 1983.
David Korten, Community Organization and Rural Development: A Learning Process Approach. Public Administration Review, 40(5). [For the mini-cases, you can pick 2 that are of most interest to you and skim or skip the rest].
James Scott excerpts from Seeing Like a State, Chapter 1 and Chapter 9. Chapter 1: Skim pages 1-24, read 25-26, skim 36-45, read 45-52. Chapter 9: This is a bit long, but contains the main ideas of the book. You can skim but make sure you get the main ideas.];
Case: Orangi Pilot Project (OPP) Pakistan (2 articles: The first tells the story of the founding of the OPP from the perspective of the founder. The second is an assessment of the OPP model with a focus on the santition component of the project).
Akhter Hameed Khan, "The Orangi Pilot Project: Uplifting a Periurban Settlement near Karachi, Pakistan. In Krishna, Uphoff and Esman, eds. "Reasons for Hope: Instructive Experiences in Rural Development"
Akbar Zaidi, "From the Lane to the City: The Impact of the Organgi Pilot Project's Low Cost Sanitation Model." Water Aid Report, 2001.
Week 7 - Collaboration and Partnership
Margaret Wilson, Dance Lest we All Fall Down, Cold Tree Press, 2007.
Pfeiffer, James, 2002. "International NGOs and Primary Health Care in Mozambique: The Need for a New Model of Collaboration." Social Science and Medicine.
Easterly, William, "Can I Trust You?," from The White Man's Burden. Penguin Press, 2006. (3 pages).
Ashman, Darcy, 2001. "Strengthening North-South Relationships for Sustainable Development." Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 30:1.
John Gaventa, "Crossing the Great Divide: Building Links and Learning between NGOs and Community-based Organizations in the North and South," Chapter 16 in The Earthscan NGO Reader. (10 pages)
Parmesh Shah and Meera Kaul Shah, " Participatory Methods for Increasing NGO Accountability:." In Edwards and Hulme, eds, Beyond the Magic Bullet: NGO Performance and Accountability in the Post-Cold War World. (10 pages)
Week 8 - "Blueprint" Project Planning and Management Tools
The Use and Abuse of the Logical Framework, SIDA, 2005. Oliver Bakewell and Anne Garbutt.
Chapter 6, Risk Management. DFID, Tools for Development. Note: This is the whole toolkit (140 pages), for your reference. You only need to read Chapter 6.
Excerpts from Reasons for Success: Learning from Instructive Experiences in Rural Development. Norman Uphoff, Milton Esman, and Anirudh Krishna. Kumarian Press. Chapter 2, Learning Process and Assisted Self-Reliance and Chapter 5, "Management, Planning and Implementation."
Case: "Farmer Organization in Gal Oya: Improving Irrigation Management in Sri Lanka," from Reasons for Hope: Instructive Experiences in Rural Development. Norman Uphoff, Milton Esman, and Anirudh Krishna. Kumarian Press
March 6th -Participatory Approaches
Assignment 2 Due in Class
Robert Chambers, Chapter 7. "What Works and Why." Chapter 7 in "Whose Reality Counts?"
Catholic Relief Services PRA Manual. NOTE: This is the whole manual! For class please read pages 8-24 and look at the wealth ranking tool on pages 92-93. If you have time, take a quick look at some of the other tools.
Frances Cleaver, Paradoxes of Participation, Journal of International Development. 11: 597-612.
Video: Participatory Poverty Assessment in Tanzania, World Bank
Eldis Participation Resource Website:
Institute for Development Studies Participation Resource Center:
World Bank Participatio Sourcebook:
Readings for Classes:
Peter Uvin, Chapter 6. A Rights-Based Approach to Development. From Human Rights and Development.
Robert Chambers. "Ideas for Development: Reflecting Forwards."
Joseph Hanlon, "It is Possible to Just Give Money to the Poor?" Development and Change.
Additional Resources for Rights-Based Approaches:
Andrew Jones, A Human Rights Approach to CARE Programing
CARE, Benefit-Harms Handbook
Resources for Assignment 1
World Bank site on decentralization in education in transition economies
Case Studies on use of citizen report cards in South Asia
World Bank site with case studies on decentralization, participatory budgeting, community expenditure tracking, and citizen report cards.
More World Bank case studies on citizen participation
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Last modified: 1/11/2010 3:39 PM