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Updated: Monday, April 12, 1999 10:49:54 AM

Intro to Psych Perspectives History & People
 Epistemology Bettelheim's Autism Scientific Method & Experiments
Experimental Termonology Neurotransmitters Neurotransmission
Anatomy of the Brain Split Brain Brain Imaging
Neural Plasticity Auditory System Visual System

Section 1: History & People of Psychology

      Psychology: "Established" in 1879 by
Wilhelm Wundt (1879)

Established the first psychology labratory at the University of Leipzig, Germany

Sigmund Freud (1900)

(Austria) introduced his psychoanalytic theory and the interpretation of dreams.
    Studied individuals carefully, but did not do experimental research therefore some of his theories were not supported by scientific data.

William James (1890)

Greatest American psychologist – "Fun to read." Wrote ~ "Principles of psychology"
(1890) Taught at

Ebbinghaus (1885)

The first to scientifically study memory. Took on a challenge that was never done before.  People at the time did not believe memory was anything you could be scientifically studied, they thought is was more philosophical. – He was the first person who took memory and measure it via "savings" he would read "Greek Poetry" to his  children.  Later he found that his children learned the poetry that he read to them in fewer trials then poems that he had not read to them when they were younger.  Found that at first we forget things quickly, then we foget things more slowly as time goes on.

Mary Calkins (1905)

Student of William James – Harvard refused to give her a Ph.D. because she was a woman. Just before her death Harvard was going to give her Ph.D., but she refused it and effectively said "Shove it."

John Watson (1913)

In order for psychology to be a strong science, it had to study human behavior instead of human experience. -  Because of this, many studies were done on animals instead of people because it was a simpler to measure their behavior.





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