Modern Architecture--TCXG 379
A Whirlwind Tour of Western Architecture: Ancient Egypt to Late-Eighteenth-Century Europe and the United States

<>Pyramid of Chefren, Giza, c. 2518-2493 B.C.
Temple of Amon, Mut, Khonsu; Ramses II Courtyard, columns toward pylon, Luxor, c. 1390-1280 B.C.
Temple of Hera, Paestum, Italy, c. 550 B.C.
Detail of fluted column
Iktinos and Kallikrates, Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens, 447-432 B.C.
Parthenon, frieze above west entrance of cella
Mneskiles, Erectheum, Acropolis, Athens, 420-405 B.C.
Diagram--post and lintel system
Pont du Gard, Nimes, France, late 1st century B.C.
Colosseum, Rome, 70-82 A.D.
Diagram--the arch
Diagram--the barrel vault
Colosseum, interior ambulatory
Diagram--groin vault
Pantheon, Rome, 120-127 A.D.
Diagram--the dome
St. Apollinaire in Classe, Ravenna, Italy, 534-549
St. Apollinaire in Classe, interior, nave towards east
Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Milletus, Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey, 532-537
Diagram--the pendentive
Diagram--the squinch
Abbey, Lessay, Normandy, France, 1090 ff.
Diagram--the rib vault
Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, France, 1194-1260, west facade
Chartres, west facade portal, c. 1145-55
Amiens Cathedral, Amiens, France, c. 1220-70; interior nave towards east, 1220-1236
Diagram--the pointed arch
Amiens Cathedral, flying buttress
Diagram--the flying buttress
Baptistry, Florence, Italy, c. 1060-1150
Arnolfo di Cambio, Palazzo della Signoria (Palazzo Vecchio), Florence, 1293-1314
Giotto and later, Brunelleschi, Cathedral of Florence (Duomo), Florence, Italy, begun 1334; dome, 1420-36
Diagram--Cathedral of Florence
Michelozzo di Bartolomeo, Palazzo Medici-Ricardi, Florence, begun 1444.
Andrea Palladio, Villa Rotonda, Vicenza, Italy, c. 1566-70
Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Giacomo della Porta, Gianlorenzo Bernini, St. Peter’s, Rome, 1506-1626
Gianlorenzo Bernini, St. Peter’s colonnade and piazza, Rome, 1655-57
Augustus of Prima Porta, c. 20 BC, Vatican Museums, Rome
Gianlorenzo Bernini, David, 1623-23, Borghese Gallery, Rome
Christopher Wren, St. Paul’s Cathedral, London, 1675-1710
St. Paul’s, interior nave towards east
Inigo Jones, Whitehall Palace Banqueting House, London, 1619-22
Lord Burlington and William Kent, Chiswick House, London, begun 1725
Thomas Jefferson, Monticello, Charlottesville, VA, begun 1768, 1796-1809
Thomas Jefferson, Rotunda, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, 1823-27; restored by McKim, Mead, and White, 1896-98