F O R M S O F R E A S O N I N G
- Quasi-logical arguments place two or three elements in a relation to one another so as to make the connections between them similar to the connections in formal logic.
- Analogy arguments
- Analogy arguments reason that because two objects resemble each other in certain known respects, they will also resemble each other in respects that are unknown.
- In a generalization one reasons that what is true of certain members of a class will also be true of other members of the same class or of the class as a whole.
- Argument from example
- Argument from example seeks acceptance for some general rule or principle by offering a concrete, particular case.
- Causal arguments
- Arguments from cause claim that one condition or event contributes to or brings about another condition or event.
- Coexistential arguments
- An argument from coexistence reasons from something that can be observed (a sign) to a condition or feature that cannot be observed.
- Dissociation arguments
- Dissociation arguments disengage one idea from another and seek a new evaluation of both ideas.
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Fallacies of Reasoning