Joy Adams

Joy Adams
Annotated Bibliography
April 1998

River Restoration


Academic Journals

Loomis, J.B. "How large is the extent of the market for public goods: evidence from a nationwide contingent valuation survey." Applied Economics, 28, No. 7 (1996): 779-782. Economic study: households were asked of their willingness to pay higher taxes to remove dams and restore fish runs. Interesting indicator of political will.

Loomis, J.B. "Measuring the economic benefits of removing dams and restoring the Elwha River: results of a contingent valuation survey." Water Resources Research, 32, No 2 (1996): 441-447.Looks to be same body of research, rewritten for different audience. This may be of more help than the entry above.

Whitley, Edward C. Foundation For An Empire: A Personalized History of Washington's Big Bend Country. Moses Lake, WA?, E. C. Whitley?, 1991. Somewhat of a cross between genealogy and history class; the author, an instructor emeritus of Big Bend Community College, essentially chronicles his formative years in relation to the larger historical picture. Includes many references to newspaper articles. Excellent reference for the public attitudes of the first half of the 1900s.

Williams, Jack E.; Christopher A. Wood; and Michael P. Dombeck, eds. Watershed Restoration: Principles and Practices. Bethesda, Maryland: American Fisheries Society, 1997. Another thickly scientific manual, but this one is a bit more friendly to the non-scientific reader. Seems aimed at making the jump between hard science and public policy; good for a look at what decision-makers have to contend with.


Echeverria, John D. Rivers at Risk: The Concerned Citizen's Guide to Hydropower. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 1989. The activists' guide to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). Includes not only chapters about FERC's history, jurisdiction, and licensing/relicensing processes, but four chapters outlining the basics of lobbying federal agencies. The overview of FERC's organization is of great help in understanding how hydropower (i.e. dams) remain in operation (and the factually organized chapters seem less beholden to environmental bias).

Palmer, Tim. The Columbia: Sustaining a Modern Resource. Seattle, Washington: The Mountaineers, 1997. Gorgeous pictures; includes chapters on the forests, the watershed, fish runs, and land use. Environmental perspective.

Petersen, Keith C. River of Life, Channel of Death: Fish and Dams on the Lower Snake. Lewiston, Idaho: Confluence Press, 1995. Looks at the benefits and consequences of dam construction along the Snake River. Should be good companion to Dietrich; strongly worded epilogue. Good for some obscure history regarding the Snake River.

Petts, Geoffrey and Peter Calow. Rivers restoration: selected extracts from The Rivers Handbook. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Blackwell Science, 1996. Heavily scientific study of what happens to a river and its environment when a dam disappears. If you're not solid on the science, however, it can be quite thick. Not the first book you'd want to grab on the subject.

Worster, Donald. Rivers of Empire: Water, Aridity, and the Growth of the American West. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985. Worster is making the assertion that the rise and fall of the Western US moves with the water, and that it is only water that makes civilization possible out here (almost like a northern-latitude Saudi Arabia, minus the oil). Could add an interesting dimension to my study of the dams.

Government Publications

Cooperative Extension, College of Agriculture, Washington State University. The Columbia River: A Question of Balance and a Time of Decision. Proceedings of a Workshop: September 29, 1981, Pasco, WA. Transcripts of participants' addresses to body; includes chapters on hydroelectricity, fisheries, agriculture, native American rights, conservation, and maritime commerce and industrial development. Conference followed passage of Northwest Public Power Planning and Coordination Act.

Elwha Report: Restoration of the Elwha River and Ecosystem and Native Anadromous Fisheries (Executive Summary). U.S. Department of the Interior, 1994. Report of study which recommends removal of the two dams on the Elwha as the "only alternative that would result in the 'full restoration of the Elwha River ecosystem'" as required by law. Addresses other impacts, including cultural resources and power supply.

Mighetto, Lisa and Wesley J. Ebel. Saving the Salmon: A History of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' Efforts to Protect Anadromous Fish on the Columbia and Snake Rivers. Seattle, Washington: Historical Research Associates, 1995. The Feds' response to the Sierra Club. Slick, heavy; good for comparing numbers from other sources.

National Park Service, Draft [and Final] Environmental Impact Statement: Elwha River Ecosystem Restoration, Olympic National Park, Washington. Denver: U.S. Department of the Interior, 1994. Draft includes explanation of various possible solutions, and evaluates the effects of each. Final makes errata changes to the draft, adds the text of submitted comments, summarizes questions and answers. Note: You will need the Draft in hand to understand the errata changes contained in the Final. The Final EIS does not include the full text of the Draft.

Office of Hydropower Licensing. Draft Staff Report: Proposed Elwha (FERC no. 2683) and Glines Canyon (FERC no. 588) Hydroelectric Projects, Washington. Washington, DC: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, 1993. Data gathered for preparation of an environmental impact statement; significant scientific information regarding the various different options (one dam, both dams, no action, other action, etc.)

Public Power Council. Public Power Fundamentals: A Guide to Public Power in an Era of Competition and Environmental Awareness. Portland, Oregon: 1995. Includes chapters explaining the Bonneville Power Administration, utility planning, sales, transmission, rates, and history. Clear language; describes key concepts in layman's terms. Seems designed to put in public power's word on deregulation and competition.

Springer, Vera. Power and the Pacific Northwest: A History of the Bonneville Power Administration. Washington, DC?: U.S. Department of the Interior, 1976. BPA-produced history of federal power projects and BPA's own growth up to 1976.

United States Senate. Hearing before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources on S. 2527 Elwha River Ecosystem and Fisheries Restoration Act. June 4, 1992. Transcript of the hearing before the Committee, including the text of the legislation and the written and oral statements submitted as testimony to the Committee.

Media/Newspaper Sources

Barnard, Jeff. "Salmon Key to Northwest's Life Cycle, Studies Say." Los Angeles Times, 30 June 1996, 3. Discusses role of salmon in tribal religion, fishing industry, and ecosystem.

Baron, David. "Dams: Good or Bad?" Morning Edition, 19 November 1997, National Public Radio. At the time the removal of Edwards Dam in Maine was under consideration, this nine-minute segment on Morning Edition discussed changing public perception of dams, especially as it related to Edwards.

Beard, Daniel P. "Dams Aren't Forever." New York Times, 6 October 1997, 19. Commentary expressing contrarian point of view in favor of draining Lake Powell to restore Glen Canyon. Arguments expressed may inform other dam-removal efforts.

Dellios, Hugh. "Dams' Demise to Give Salmon a Second Chance." Chicago Tribune, 28 February 1994, 1. The explanation included in an article from outside the Northwest region reminds me of facts and points of view that I tend to take for granted. Emphasizes the precedent set in the Elwha decision.

"Demolishing the Dams" [letter]. New York Times, 29 November 1997. Reader letter adds the dimension regarding deregulation of the electric industry to Carey Goldberg's article of 26 November 1997. A link which should be explored, even though deregulation legislation is at an early stage.

"Freeing the Kennebec River" [editorial]. New York Times, 9 August 1997. Editorial in support of decision to remove Edwards.

Gerstenzang, James. "Dam Destruction in North Carolina Shaking Up Northwest." Los Angeles Times, 18 December 1997, 41. Analysis of political implications arising from the start of deconstruction on Quaker Neck Dam in Goldsboro, NC.

Goldberg, Carey. "Fish Are Victorious Over Dam As U.S. Agency Orders Shutdown." New York Times, 26 November 1997. Article recording the FERC decision to deny relicensing to Edwards, and early reaction to the decision. Even though there are a few of these articles in this bibliography, there is value in the redundancy - not only multiple versions of the facts, but different regional attitudes interjected.

Harden, Blaine. "U.S. Orders Maine Dam Destroyed; For First Time, Fish Habitat Takes Priority Over a Hydroelectric Dam." Washington Post, 26 November 1997. From the abstract, Harden takes a rather dim view of any possible benefit to leaving Edwards in place.

Knickerbocker, Brad. "Smolts, Volts Charge Dam Renewals." Christian Science Monitor, 16 January 1992, 8. Article examining political process of hydroelectric relicensing. Written just prior to a two-year period in which 237 dams in 166 projects would be up for renewal.

Knickerbocker, Brad. "Turning Man-Made Creations Back to Nature: Sierra Club suggestion to drain Lake Powell is latest effort to erase human impact." Christian Science Monitor, 26 September 1997, 1:2. Another article considering dam-removal, using the congressional hearing regarding Lake Powell as its background.

"Maine Asks U.S. to Deny license to Dam Owners." New York Times, 17 October 1997. Abstract suggests animosity between state and Edwards' owners. May be worth a look to satisfy political curiosity, but I'm not sure it will add much to the debate in my study.

Murphy, Kim. "A Battle of Fish and Power Rages on Columbia River Nature." Los Angeles Times, 4 July 1995, 1. Earlier discussion of alternatives, such as increased spills, to enhance salmon survival. Also discusses BPA outlays for salmon preservation and restoration.

Murphy, Kim. "Clinton Plan Calls for Removing Two Dams to Restore Salmon Runs." Los Angeles Times, 20 March 1996, 12. Discusses funding of Elwha dams' removal, currently in flux because of Sen. Gorton's recalcitrance.

Polson, Sheila. "Fish May Be Winners Nationwide in Maine Dam Dispute." Christian Science Monitor, 27 January 1998, 12. Examines possible precedent set by FERC decision to deny relicensing to Edwards Dam, and the significance of such a precedent as many dams' 30 to 50 year initial licenses expire.

Richards, Bill. "Fish Story: Plan to Destroy Dams To Help Salmon Riles Wide Array of Groups - Battle Over the Elwha River Involves U.S. Agencies, Environment, Paper Mill - Indians Cite Ancient Treaty." Wall Street Journal, Eastern Edition, 5 August 1993, A1. Fairly clear summary of situation on Elwha immediately following passage of the Restoration Act. Takes a skeptic's look at costs and probable outcomes.

Royston, Rich. "Washington Dams Targeted." Christian Science Monitor, 12 August 1992. Rather basic overview of Elwha discussion; considerably more detail from other sources. This article is not likely to add much to the discussion.


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