Monganita Brown

Monganita Brown
April 98

Indian Myths along the Columbia River


Bagley, Clarence. Indian Myths of the Northwest. Seattle: Lowman& Hamford Company, 1930. Myths of the Puget Sound and Washington State including creation tales and coyote legends. Tacoma Public Library Catalog.

Bierhorst, John. The Mythology of North America. New York: William Morrow, 1985. A guide to Native American mythology, culture heros and tricksters. Pages 47-49 explore salmon related myths and the importance of salmon to the people.

Boas, Franz, et al. Folk-Tales of Salishan and Sahaptin Tribes. New York: Krause Reprint, 1969. Legends of the Nez-Perce and other Sahaptin speaking tribes. Volume 11 of the Memoirs of the American Folklore Society.

Clark, Ella. Indian Legends of the Pacific Northwest. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1953. A collection of Pacific Northwest Native American tribal tales including How Coyote Made the Columbia River, The Origin of Willamette Falls, and A Legend of Multnomah Falls.

Clark, Robert. River of the West: Stories from the Columbia. San Francisco: Harper Collins West, 1995. Historical look at white man's entry into the Columbia region.

Cone, Joseph. A Common Fate: Endangered Salmon and the People of the Pacific Northwest. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1995. On pages 9&10 Cone shows how the "Indians see themselves as interdependent with the fish."

Dietrich, William. Northwest Passage: The Great Columbia River. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995. Historical look at the Columbia River and its people. required reading. Feldman, Susan. The Story Telling Stone. New York: Dell Publishing Co., Inc, 1965. A collection of Native American myths and tales. This book contains myths from the Puget Sound but none from the mid-Columbia which is the area I am researching. This book will probably not be useful to me.

Goldin, Barbara Diamond. Coyote and the Fire Stick: A Pacific Northwest Indian Tale. San Diego: Harcourt Brace, 1996. Children's book of the folklore of the Pacific Northwest. Childrens books give a good representation of how the stories were originally told since many of the stories are "moral" stories intended to teach children important cultural lessons.

Griffin, Arthur and Trenholme J. Griffin. More Ah Mo: Legends from the Northwest. Surrey: Hancock House, 1993. Folklore and legends of the Pacific Northwest Indians. Special Collections PNW.

Halliday, Jan and Gail Chehak. Native Peoples of the Northwest. Seattle: Sasquatch Books, 1996. A travelers guide, pages 175-224 focus upon the Columbia River Gorge and Basin. Gives adresses or phone numbers for important sources such as James Selam, co-author of Nch'i-Wana, and Ed Edmo a professional storyteller who offers native tours of the Columbia Gorge.

Harden, Blaine. A River Lost. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 1996. This book contains information of what the damming of the river did to the Indians way of life but may not be useful in my paper on mythology.

Hilbert, Vi. Haboo: Native American Stories from the Puget Sound. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1985. Contains folklore of Salish Indians. UWT library catalog.

Hines, Donald. The Forgotten Tribes, Oral Tales of the Teninos and Adjacent Mid- Columbia River Indian Nations. Issaquah: Great Eagle Publishing, Inc, 1991. The introduction to this book contains historical information about the mid- Columbia tribes. Legends from the Tenino, Umatilla and Cascade "tribes"are included in this book.

Hunn, Eugene S. Nch'i-Wana "The Big River" Mid-Columbia Indians and Their Land. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1990. Anthropological background of mid-Columbian Indians. This book contains "coyote" myths which explain the creation of Celilo Falls, proscribes waste in hunting, and one which tells of coyote killing the swallowing monster, ( believed to be the sturgeon).

Jacobs, Elizabeth Derr. Nehalem Tillamook Tales. Eugene: University of Oregon, 1959. Stories narrated in 1934 by Clara Pearson of the Tillamooks. Contains myths about ice. Checked this book out from the Northwest Room.

Jacobs, Melville. Northwest Sahaptin Texts. New York: Columbia University Press, 1937. Folklore of the Sahaptin speaking Indians. Originally printed in Germany, it will be interesting to view this two volume text.

Judd, Mary Catherine. Wigwam Stories Told by North American Indians. Boston: Ginn, 1936. Some cultural bias may be apparent in the title. The catalog lists this book as being in main stacks at Tacoma Public Library but can not be found.

Judson, Katherine Berry. Myths and Legends of the Pacific Northwest. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1997. Originally printed in 1910, this book is kept in Special Collections PNW.

Lyman, William Denison. Columbia River. Portland: Binford & Mort, 1963. The original book was written in 1909, in 1963 a second author included a twenty-six page sequel entitled "Down the Columbia Today."

Lyman, William Denison. Indian Myths of the Northwest. Worcester: American Antiquarian Society, 1915.. Written in 1915 by Lyman of the American Antiquarian Society, this book will be of interest to see if it will be an unprejudiced account of the Native American tales.

Miller, Christopher L. Prophetic Worlds: Indians and Whites on the Columbia Plateau. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1985. Examines interaction between whites and Indians.

Robinson, Gail. Coyote: The Trickster Legends of the North American Indians. New York: Crane Russak, 1976. Explores Northwest mythological trickster legends.

Running, Corinne. When Coyote Walked the Earth. New York: H. Holt, 1949. Indian stories of the Pacific Northwest.

Sexton, Bernard. Gray Wolf Stories. Caldwell: Caxton, 1946. Mystery legends of grey wolf, coyote and other Idaho Indian folk heros.

Seymour, Peter J. The Golden Woman: A Colville Narrative. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1985. An anthropological view of the Colville tribe including language, folklore and history.

Smith, Courtland L. Salmon Fishers of the Columbia. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press, 1979. Background information of the Mid-Columbia tribes.

Smith, Susan Williamson. The Legend of Multnomah Falls. Portland: Irwin Hobson Co., 1905. Recounts the myth of the creation of Multnomah Falls on the Columbia River Gorge.

Spence, Lewis. Myths of the North American Indians. New York: Gramercy Books, 1994. This book was originally written in 1914.

Strong, Emory M. Stone Age on the Columbia River. Portland: binfors and Mort, 1959. Antiquities of the Columbia River Valley.

Tanaka, Beatrice. The Chase: a Kutenai Indian Tale. New York: Crown, 1991. A childrens tale from the Indians of the Kutenai, will not be used as a source since I hope to concentrate on the mid-Columbia area.

Taylor, Colin F. Native American Myths and Legends. New York: Smithmark, 1994. Pacific Northwest cultures largely ignored in this volume.

U.S Army Corps of Engineers: North Pacific Division. Columbia River System Operation Review. Portland: 1995. This publication includes letters from many of the Columbia River Tribes to the System Operation Review. Throughout these letters the reader sees an unexpected point of view. Putting many of the salmon on the Endangered Species Act could cause the endangerment of other species and could ruin (flood), traditional tribal lands. Many of theletters express the feeling that they are being used but not treated in good faith.

Walker, Deward E. Myths of Idaho Indians. Moscow: University Press of Idaho, 1980. An anthropological look at Idaho Indian folklore.

White, Richard. The Organic Machine. New York: Hill and Wang, 1995. Pages 15- 24 gives background information of mythology relating to salmon in the river and to the Indians fishing practices. Required reading for History of the Columbia River Class.


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Copyright 1998 Monganita Brown.