Social and Cultural Dimensions of Indoor Plumbing

Copyright 2001 Michele Martinez

 

Primary Sources

Home Sanitation and Hygiene. How to Build a Sanitary Privy, 1908. Reprinted in The Vanishing American Outhouse. Ronald S. Barlow. El Cajun, CA: Windmill Publishing, 1940.

The National Emergency Council. Economic Condition of the South. Washington D.C., 1938, pp.7-10,19-22,33-35. Reprinted in Bibliobase. Boston, NY: Houghton Mifflin Co., 2000.

Paul Revere. By the Board of Public Health. Boston, October 2, 1799. Reprinted in The Vanishing American Outhouse. Ronald S. Barlow. El Cajun, CA: Windmill Publishing, 1940.

Theodore Roosevelt. Fear God and Take Your Own Part. NY: 1916, pp357-362,365-367,370. Reprinted in Bibliobase. Boston, NY: Houghton Mifflin Co., 2000.

US Bureau of Census. Statistical Abstract. Characteristics of New Privately Owned One-Family Houses. Congressional Information Service, Inc. 2001. Accessed online 3 March, 2001.

Secondary Sources

Duff, John. The Sanitarians- A History of American Public Health. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1990.

Greene, A. Lindsey. “Controversy Swirls Around Toilet to Tap Project.” Environmental Health Perspectives. V108 October 2000 A447. Journal online accessed on 28 February, 2001.

Ierley, Mierrit. “The Bathroom: An Epic.” American Heritage. V50 May 1999:76. Journal online accessed on 28 February, 2001.

Lupton, Ellen & J.Arbor Miller. The Bathroom and Kitchen and the Aesthetics of Waste. New York: Princeton Architecture Press, 1992.

Outwater, Alice. Water: A Natural History. New York, 1996.

Ogle, Maureen. All the Modern Conveniences- American Household Plumbing, 1840-1890. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Palmer, Roy. The Water Closet. Great Britain: David and Charles, Newton Arbor, 1973.

Sigerist, E. Henry. Landmarks in the History of Hygiene. London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1956.

Wright, Lawrence. Clean and Decent - The Fascinating History of the Bathroom and the Water Closet. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1960.