Re-Using and Recycling Used Tires

Copyright 2001 by Kurt Schiefendecker

Associated Press Wire. "Tire Hauler Finds Business to be a Mixed Blessing." 22 August 2000.

Blackford, Mansel and K. Austin Kerr. BF Goodrich: Tradition and Transformation 1870-1995. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press, 1996.

Block, Dave and Molly Farrell. “Funding Innovative Uses for Scrap Tires.” Biocycle 40 (March 1999).

Bradsher, Keith. “How to Make 200 Million Flip-Flops.” New York Times, 27 August

Chalmers, Peggy. “Tire Chips Reduce Road ‘Heaving’ In Winter.” American City and County, 1993.

Collings, Andy. “Goodyear Has Tyre Re-Use System, But…” Farmers Weekly, 17 March 2000.

Crampton, Norm. Complete Trash: The Best Way to Get Rid of Practically EverythingAround the House. New York: M. Evans and Company, Inc., 1989.

Discarded Tires, Once a Nightmare, Are Where Ecologists Dream to Tread. Wall Street Journal, 14 May 1994.

Drudge, David. “Kern County, California, Uses Recycled Tires.” Bakersfield Californian, 13 August 2000.

Duston, Thomas. Recycling Solid Waste: The First Choice for Private and Public Sector Management. Westport, CT: Quorum Books, 1993.

Environmental News Network. “News Bytes.” 5 May 1999. Available from

Fedchenko, Vera. “Scrap Tire Use to Rise in 2001.” Tire Business 12 (January 1, 2001).

Foss, Bradley. “Old Tires Bouncing Back.” Toronto Star, 1 May 2000.

GNR Technologies Celebrates Earth Day Every Day. Business Wire, 20 April 2000.

Gray, Kevin. “Innovative Uses for Whole Tires.” Biocycle 39 (9): 53-55 (September 1998).

Gray, Kevin. “Tire Chips Bolster Canal Levee.” Biocycle 40 (8): 40-42 (August 1999).

Gromer, Cliff. “Great Stuff.” Popular Mechanics, December 1999.

Holland, John. “34-day Inferno Focused Attention on How to Prevent Such Disasters.”Modesto Bee, 9 September 1999.

Hopey, Don. “Recalled Tires Find More Uses Through Recycling.” Pittsburgh Post Gazette, 16 September 2000.

Kharbanda, O.P. and E.A. Stallworthy. Waste Management: Towards a Sustainable Society. New York: Auburn House, 1990.

Lamarre, Leslie. “Tapping the Tire Pile.” EPRI Journal 20 (5): 28-35 (September October 1995).

League of Women Voters Education Fund. Garbage Primer. New York: Lyons & Burford, 1993.

Mired in Tires. Popular Science, October 1994.

Pierce, Linda M. Washington State Pavement Engineer  Electronic mail received 3/6/01

Scrap Tire News Online. “Professor’s Data Supports Use of Tire Shreds in Road Construction.” Cited February 6, 2001; available from;

Rhode Island Resource Recovery Corporation. “Management of Special Wastes.” Cited February 3, 2001. Available from

Rubber Manufacturers Association. Scrap Tire Facts & Figures. 1400 K Street, NW, Washington, DC 20005.

Scrap Tires Get Second Chance to Serve. California Integrated Waste Management Board press release, 14 December 1999. Cited February 13, 2001; available from

Scrap Tyre Cooking Becomes an Economically Viable Proposition. Professional Engineering, 12 (22): 9 (8 December 1999).

Snyder, Robert H. “Scrap Tires: Disposal and Reuse.” Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 1998.

Stein, Kathy. Beyond Recycling: A Re-user’s Guide. Santa Fe, NM: Clear Light Publishers, 1997.

Tesla, Michael. “Scrap Tire Process Turns Waste Into Fuel.” Power Engineering, 98 (May 1994).

Tires to Energy Program Launched in New York. Power Engineering 97 (January 1993).

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste. Scrap Tire Technology and Markets. Park Ridge, NJ: Noyes Data Corporation, 1993.

Walline, Chris. Waste Tires in Washington State. Washington State document, 1987.

Warren, Jenifer. “Scrap Tire Fire Extinguished at Cost of $3 Million.” Los AngelesTimes, 17 November 1999.

Washington State Department of Trade and Economic Development Business Assistance Center. Feasibility Study to Site and Operate a Tire Recycling Facility in Washington State, 1988.

Washington State Department of Transportation. Rubber-Asphalt Pavements in the State of Washington. 1992.

Washington Waste Tire Advisory Committee. Report to the Legislature, January 1989.  Washington, DC 20005.