INDIANS AND THE IMPACT OF SALMON
2001 BELINDA G. BANKS
Arthur, The Natural History of Puget Sound Country. Seattle: The
University of Washington, (1991). This book contains information on the
natural history of Puget Sound, which sends the reader on a journey through
time, from the geological remnants of the last Ice Age to the human impacts
Fay G., Treaties On Trial: The Continuing Controversy Over Northwest
Indian Fishing Rights. Seattle: University of Washington Press (1986).The
controversy described in this book has its roots in encounters between
the Northwest tribes who reaped abundant salmon from the rivers at their
doorways and the white settlers who began entering the region in the mid-nineteenth
Daniel J., The Water Link: A History of Puget Sound as a Resource.
Seattle: University of Washington Press, (1981). This is the first
book ever written that describes the history of Puget Sound in terms of
economic evolution and environmental conflict.
Indian Fisheries Commission, Treaty Fishing Rights and The Northwest
Indian Fisheries Commission. Olympia: Northwest Fisheries Commission,
(1980). This book was originated in 1974 by the treaty Tribes of
Western Washington to assist and coordinate the development of an orderly
and biologically sound treaty fishery in the Northwest.
Friends Service Committee, Uncommon Controversy: Fishing Rights of the
Muckleshoot, Puyallup, and Nisqually Indians. Seattle: University
of Washington Press (1970). This book comes of nearly twenty years of American
Friends Service Committee acquaintance with American communities which
represents the combined concern and effort of a great many people and organizations.
This book also contains “an uncommon controversy” over the fishing rights
of three small Indian tribes near Seattle, Washington, in the United States.
Jim, Salmon Without Rivers: A History of the Pacific Crisis.
Island Press, (1999). This book describes the evolutionary history
of the salmon along with the geologic history of the Pacific Northwest
and the indigenous cultures of the region and the emergence of salmon based
economies that survived for thousands of years.
Charles, Messages from Frank’s Landing: A Story of Salmon, Treaties,
and the Indian Way. Seattle: University of Washington Press (2000).
This book contains the broad historical, legal, and social context of Indian
fishing right in the Pacific, providing a dramatic account of the people
and issues involved.
McCloud, interview with the Puyallup Cultural Coordinator, 16 April
2001.Connie talks about the puyallup
tribal Indians heritage and the respect that they have towards nature.
at the Puyallup Tribal Health Department and the Puyallup TribalTreatment
upon availability. Not available at this time.
Sandi. Tacoma News Tribune. April 30, 1998.This
story discusses the truth about the endangered species act and land use
involving fishing practices.
with Judie Right of the Puyallup tribal Indians archives.This
Interview will deal with observations and discussions of the puyallup tribal
archives.I will search for journals
and diaries that will give me further information on the Puyallup tribal
Indians and their relationship with salmon.Not
available at this time.
the original photo of the flats 1887.Photo
courtesy of Washington State Historical Society.This
picture shows how the flats originally looked before settlement.
map circa 1886.Indian Reservation
area.The allotments in 1886 assigned
specific areas to these families.In
total there were 178 allotments made at Puyallup.
Chester Satiacum, Sr., 1956.Photo,
courtesy of Chester Satiacum, 111.This
photo shows Satiacum holding the resource that flowed in abundance in the
Fish traps on the Puyallup Reservation.Capital
Museum/Olympia.This photo shows
the fish traps that they used on the Reservations.
Puyallup Tribal Indians and The Impact of Salmon
in society or shall I say, “Americans” tend to overlook the uniquely woven
impacts of why we choose the types of food we eat.I
have been particularly interested in Puyallup Tribal Indians and
the types of traditions that they are spiritually involved in.While
living around the Puyallup Indians and joining in on the sweat’s
that the Puyallup tribe has throughout the year; I’ve found out that there
are particular reasons why Salmon has stayed as one of their traditions
and why it will continue to be a major issue in their lives.
Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to answer the question: What impact
does salmon have on the Puyallup Tribal Indians? Another factor I
will be examining is the overall impact that salmon has had throughout
the lives of Puyallup Indians and what if any were the measures that assured
the fishermen the right to continue to carry out their accustomed traditions.
While viewing the Reporter: Environmental News Service I’ve noticed that
Salmon in the Pacific Northwest is an essential part of an integrated ecosystem,
and their loss could affect hundreds of species and populations and have
now been listed as threatened or Endangered.This
led me to a broader issue of taking into consideration the losses of
salmon habitat and the effects it has on the Puyallup Tribal Indians.