Copyright 2001 BELINDA G. BANKS

Kruckeburg, Arthur, The Natural History of Puget Sound Country. Seattle: The University of Washington, (1991). This book contains information on the natural history of Puget Sound, which sends the reader on a journey through time, from the geological remnants of the last Ice Age to the human impacts of today.
Cohen, Fay G., Treaties On Trial: The Continuing Controversy Over Northwest Indian Fishing Rights. Seattle: University of Washington Press (1986).The controversy described in this book has its roots in encounters between the Northwest tribes who reaped abundant salmon from the rivers at their doorways and the white settlers who began entering the region in the mid-nineteenth century.

Chasan, Daniel J., The Water Link: A History of Puget Sound as a Resource.  Seattle: University of Washington Press, (1981).  This is the first book ever written that describes the history of Puget Sound in terms of economic evolution and environmental conflict.

Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission, Treaty Fishing Rights and The Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission.  Olympia: Northwest Fisheries Commission, (1980).  This book was originated in 1974 by the treaty Tribes of Western Washington to assist and coordinate the development of an orderly and biologically sound treaty fishery in the Northwest.

American Friends Service Committee, Uncommon Controversy: Fishing Rights of the Muckleshoot, Puyallup, and Nisqually Indians. Seattle:  University of Washington Press (1970). This book comes of nearly twenty years of American Friends Service Committee acquaintance with American communities which represents the combined concern and effort of a great many people and organizations. This book also contains “an uncommon controversy” over the fishing rights of three small Indian tribes near Seattle, Washington, in the United States.

Lichatowich, Jim, Salmon Without Rivers: A History of the Pacific Crisis.

Portland: Island Press, (1999).  This book describes the evolutionary history of the salmon along with the geologic history of the Pacific Northwest and the indigenous cultures of the region and the emergence of salmon based economies that survived for thousands of years.


Wilkison, Charles, Messages from Frank’s Landing: A Story of Salmon, Treaties, and the Indian Way. Seattle: University of Washington Press (2000).  This book contains the broad historical, legal, and social context of Indian fishing right in the Pacific, providing a dramatic account of the people and issues involved.

Connie McCloud, interview with the Puyallup Cultural Coordinator, 16 April 2001.Connie talks about the puyallup tribal Indians heritage and the respect that they have towards nature.

Archives at the Puyallup Tribal Health Department and the Puyallup TribalTreatment Facilities, upon availability. Not available at this time.

Doughton, Sandi. Tacoma News Tribune. April 30, 1998.This story discusses the truth about the endangered species act and land use involving fishing practices.

Interview with Judie Right of the Puyallup tribal Indians archives.This Interview will deal with observations and discussions of the puyallup tribal archives.I will search for journals and diaries that will give me further information on the Puyallup tribal Indians and their relationship with salmon.Not available at this time.

Photo, the original photo of the flats 1887.Photo courtesy of Washington State Historical Society.This picture shows how the flats originally looked before settlement.

Allotment map circa 1886.Indian Reservation area.The allotments in 1886 assigned specific areas to these families.In total there were 178 allotments made at Puyallup.

Photo, Chester Satiacum, Sr., 1956.Photo, courtesy of Chester Satiacum, 111.This photo shows Satiacum holding the resource that flowed in abundance in the puyallup rivers.

Photo, Fish traps on the Puyallup Reservation.Capital Museum/Olympia.This photo shows the fish traps that they used on the Reservations.

Puyallup Tribal Indians and The Impact of Salmon

Ironically, individuals in society or shall I say, “Americans” tend to overlook the uniquely woven impacts of why we choose the types of food we eat.I have been  particularly interested in Puyallup Tribal Indians and the types of traditions that they are spiritually involved in.While living around the Puyallup Indians and joining in on the  sweat’s that the Puyallup tribe has throughout the year; I’ve found out that there are particular reasons why Salmon has stayed as one of their traditions and why it will  continue to be a major issue in their lives.  Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to answer the question: What impact does salmon have on the Puyallup Tribal Indians?  Another factor I will be examining is the overall impact that salmon has had throughout the lives of Puyallup Indians and what if any were the measures that assured the fishermen the right to continue to carry out their accustomed traditions.  While viewing the Reporter: Environmental News Service I’ve noticed that Salmon in the Pacific Northwest is an essential part of an integrated ecosystem, and their loss could affect hundreds of species and populations and have now been listed as threatened or Endangered.This led me to a broader issue of taking into consideration the losses of  salmon habitat and the effects it has on the Puyallup Tribal Indians.