“Green Crabs In The Pacific Northwest”

Copyright 2001 by

Shannon DiCicco

Annotated Bibliography

Carlton, James T. & Geller, Jonathan B. “Ecological Roulette: the Global Transport of Non indigenous Marine Organisms” Science, vol.261, issue 5117 (1993): 78-82. This gives information about a study of different organisms found in Japanese ships.

Carlton, James T. “Man’s Role in Changing the Face of the Ocean: Biological Invasions and Implications for conservation of Near-shore environments.” Concervation Biology, vol.3, issue 3 (1998): 265-273. A wonderful article about the ways in which man has introduced species and their effects on their new habitats.

Claudi, Renata & Leach, Joseph H, ed. Nonindigenious Freshwater Organisms: Vectors, Biology, and Impacts. New York: Lewis Publishers, 2000. Textbook about the different nonindigenous species and their effects on the ecosystems. Good source for fresh water information.

Basset, Zasha “The European Green Crab…A New Invader” [http://www.sei.org/crabnews.html] April 17,2001. This gives good basic information, but has a great source list.

Deegan, Linda, & Young, Talia “Population Size and Summer Home Range of the Green Crab, Carcinus Maenas, in Salt Marsh Tidal Creeks.” The Biological Bulletin, vol. 197, issue 2 (1999): 297-299.

Gramling, Jessica. Puget Sound Shipping and Ballast Water Exchange: Criteria for Selecting Alternative Zones for the Exchange of Ballast Water for Vessels Entering the Strait of Juan de Fuca. University of Washington, 1999. The easiest read about ballast water. Full of useful information, and great sources.

Hedgpeth, Joel W. “Foreign Invaders.” Science, vol. 261, issue 5117 (1993) : 34-35. Not a very useful article, he just reiterates the information that was gathered by Carlton and Geller in their report, Ecological Roulette.

Higgins, A.J.“Crustacean Crunch Scientist Sees Tasty Benefit in Green Crab.” Boston Globe, Oct. 2000,B6. The Author feel that if the green crab were bigger they would be a yummy food source.

Lafferty, Kevin D. & Kuris, Armond M. “Biological Control Of Marine Pests.” Ecology, vol. 77 issue 7 (1996): 1989-2000. This is a great article encompassing a wide variety of marine pests and then gives a case study of the green crab invasion of the San Francisco Bay area.

Moore, Janet “Bio-Invasions” [http://www.wsg.washington.edu/pubs/bioinvasions]. April 2001. a good introduction to the invasive species that have taken residence in the Pacific Northwest, and how they got there.

Not all Alien Invaders Are from Outer Space. United States Department of Agriculture  Program Aid 1665. Interesting tidbits of information, neat pictures, not real useful.

Strong, Donald, & Pemberton, Robert W. “Biological Control of Invading Species-Risk and Reform.” Science, vol. 288 issue 5473 (2000): 1969-1970. This article is in favor of Biological control as a last resort in controlling pest species.

Tu, Janet “Washington Seeking Rules For Release of Ballast Water” Wall Street Journal, Oct. 1999, CA2. Gives useful information on what Washington State plans to do to control ballast water. Also shows the reluctance of people to fallow these rules.

National Invasive species act of 1996. This is long and full of representatives that have little to do with the research, but does establish some interesting guidelines.

Hearing transcript of the National Invasive Species Act of 1996. This actually incorporates articles, and scientists to further establish these guidelines.

Ballast Water Management Act. Gives a brief, but succinct description of the guidelines that were established, and how they are going to be followed.

Guidelines for the Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water to Minimize the Transfer Of Harmful Aquatic Organisms and Pathogens.  The International Maritime Organization’s response to the Ballast Water Management Act.

Http://www.wa.gov/wdfw The home site for the Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife, This site offers good up to date information on the green crab situation in Washington State.

Http://www.wsg.washington.edu/outreach/mas/aquaculture/crab.html This is the University of Washington’s information page. It offers a great start, and basic information about the green crab.