Northwest Native American Whaling

Annotated Bibliography

Copyright 2001 Lisa Paul


Creighton, Margaret S. Rites and Passages: The Experience of American Whaling , 1830-1870. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995. this book is also very data-intensive, covering the economic growth of whaling during the 1800s. It also covers the negative effects on Native American whaling.

Freeman, Milton M.R., Wein, Eleanor E., et al. Recovering Rights: Bowhead Whales and Inuvialuit Subsistence in the Western Canadian Arctic. Alberta, Canada: The Canadian Circumpolar Institute, 1992. This is a study comparing traditional Inuvialuit subsistence to what have become their staples of subsistence since the Bowhead Whale became endangered.

Lowenstein, Tom. Ancient Land: Sacred Whale, the Inuit Hunt and its Rituals. New York: North Point Press, 1996. This includes a history of the Tikigaq people of Alaska. It thoroughly explores their rituals for whaling and their history in song, which is presented in the form of poetry.

McReavy, John Morgan. Makah: Indian Whale Hunters. Healdsburg, California: Naturegraph Publishers Inc., 1973. This book is a story, seemingly directed toward children. However, it accurately depicts the process of preparing for the whale hunt, hunting, and the aftermath, all told from the first-person point of view.

Sullivan, Robert. A Whale Hunt. New York: Scribner, 2000. This is a first-person narrative that gets up close and personal with the Makah during the whale hunt controversy of the late 1990s. Sullivan takes us from the original dispute over the Makah's whaling rights to the eventual slaughter of the whale.

Suttles, Wayne. Coast Salish Essays. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1987. A collection of essays on Native American tribes of the Northwest. Included are the Tsimshian, Kwakiutl, Haida, Tlingit and Makah. It covers many of the traditions of Native American life.

Turtle Island Native Network News. Treaty of Neah Bay, 1855. [homepage cited 31 May 2001]; available from This is a full copy of the Treaty signed by the Makah tribe in 1855, including the their right to whale in their designated area.

Webb, Robert Lloyd. On the Northwest: Commercial Whaling in the Pacific Northwest, 1790-1967. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1988. This gives a very data-intensive history of commercial whaling in the Northwest. However, it also gives brief but in-depth history of various methods of whaling performed by Northwest Native Americans, primarily the Makah.