Europe and the Environment in the Middle Ages Bibliography


Bechmann, Roland.  Trees and Man:  The Forest in the Middle Ages.  New York, 1990.

Carus-Wilson, E. M.  "An Industrial Revolution of the Thirteenth Century." The Economic History Review 11 (1941): 39-60.

--------.  "The Woolen Industry."  In Trade and Industry in the Middle Ages, ed. M. M. Postan and Edward Miller. Vol. 2 of The Cambridge Economic History of Europe. Ed. M. M. Postan and H. J. Habakkuk. 2d ed. Cambridge, 1966.

Chant, Colin.  The Pre-Industrial Cities and Technology Reader.  Cities and Technology.  London, 1999.

Evelyn, John.  Fumifugium: or, The inconvenience of the aer and smoake of London dissipated.  Reprint: London, National Society for Clean Air, 1961.

Gies, Frances and Joseph.  Cathedral, Forge, and Waterwheel:  Technology and Invention in the Middle Ages.  New York, 1995.

Glacken, Clarence J.  Traces on the Rhodian Shore:  Nature and Culture in Western Thought from Ancient Times to the End of the Eighteenth Century.  Berkeley, 1967.

Goldthwaite, Richard A.  The Building of Renaissance Florence:  An Economic and Social History.  Baltimore, 1980.

Hall, Bert S.  Weapons & Warfare in Renaissance Europe.  Baltimore, 1997.

Hall, Peter.  Cities in Civilization.  New York, 1998.

al-Hassan, Ahmad Y. and Donald R. Hill.  Islamic Technology:  An Illustrated History. Cambridge, 1986.

Hill, Donald R.  A History of Engineering in Classical and Medieval Times.  London, 1984.

Hodge, A. Trevor.  Roman Aqueducts and Water Supply.  London, 1992.

Hoffmann, Richard C. "Economic Development and Aquatic Ecosystems in Medieval Europe."  Journal of American History 101 (1996): 631-669.

Horn, Walter and Ernest Born.  The Plan of St. Gall:  A Study of the Architecture and Economy and Life in a Paradigmatic Carolingian Monastery.  Berkeley, 1979. See also Lorna Price's one-volume edition (below).

--------.  "Water Power and the Plan of St. Gall." Journal of Medieval History 1 (1975): 219-58.

Hughes, J. Donald.  Pan's Travail:  Environmental Problems of the Ancient Greeks and Romans. Baltimore, 1993.

Konvitz, Josef.  The Urban Millennium:  The City Building Process from the Early Middle Ages to the Present.  Carbondale, Ill., 1985.

Lillich, Meredith Parsons.  "Cleanliness with Godliness: A Discussion of Medieval Monastic Plumbing."  In Mélanges à la Mémoire du Père Anselme Dimie, ed. Benoît Chauvin. Arbois, 1982.

Marsh, George P.  The Earth Modified by Human Action. A New Edition of Man and Nature (1863). New York, 1874.

Mazzaoui, Maureen Fennell.  " The Cotton Industry of Northern Italy in the Late Middle Ages:  1150-1450."  Journal of Economic History 32 (1972): 262-286.   JSTOR

Monmonier, Mark S.  Mapping It Out:  Expository Cartography for the Humanities and Social Sciences.  Chicago, 1993.

Muendel, John.  "The 'French' Mill in Medieval Tuscany." Journal of Medieval History 10 (1984): 215-247

--------.  "Medieval Urban Renewal: The Communal Mills of the City of Florence, 1351-1382."  Journal of Urban History 17 (1991): 363-389.

--------.  "Friction and Lubrication in Medieval Europe:  The Emergence of Olive Oil as a Superior Agent."  Isis 86 (1995): 373-393.

--------.  "The Internal Functions of a 14th-Century Florentine Flour Factory." Technology and Culture 32 (1991): 498-520.

Nicholas, David.  The Later Medieval City, 1300-1500.  London, 1997.

Outwater, Alice.  Water: A Natural History. New York, 1996.

Pacey, Arnold.  The Maze of Ingenuity.  2d ed.  Cambridge, Mass., 1992.

Price, Lorna.  The Plan of St. Gall in Brief: An Overview Based on the Work by Walter Horn and Ernest Born.  Berkeley, 1982.

Redon, Odile, Françoise Sabban, and Silvano Serventi. The Medieval Kitchen:  Recipes from France and Italy.  Chicago, 1998.

Reynolds, Terry S.  Stronger than a Hundred Men:  A History of the Vertical Water Wheel.  Baltimore, 1983.

Smith, Cyril Stanley, ed.  Mappae clavicula; a little key to the world of medieval techniques.  Philadelphia, 1974.

Smith, Elizabeth Bradford.  Technology and Resource Use in Medieval Europe: Cathedrals, Mills, and Mines. Aldershot, 1997.

Smith, Norman.  A History of Dams.  London, 1971.

Squatriti, Paolo. "Water and Society in Late Antique and Early Medieval Italy A.D. 400-850." Ph.D. diss., University of Virginia, 1990.

--------. Water and Society in Early Medieval Italy, AD 400-1000. Cambridge, 1998.

--------. "'Advent and Conquests' of the Water Mill in Italy." In Technology and Resource Use in Medieval Europe: Cathedrals, Mills, and Mines, edited by Elizabeth Bradford Smith and Michael Wolfe. Aldershot, 1997.

TeBrake, William H.  "Air Pollution and Fuel Crises in Pre- Industrial London, 1250-1650." Technology and Culture, 16 (July, 1975):  337-359.

Thomas, William L. Jr., ed.  Man's Role in Changing the Face of the Earth. 2 vols. Chicago, 1956.

Thorndike, Lynn.  "Sanitation, Baths, and Street Cleaning in the Middle Ages and Renaissance."  Speculum 3 (1928): 192-203.

Watson, Andrew M.  "The Arab Agricultural Revolution and Its Diffusion, 700-1100."  Journal of Economic History 34 (1974): 8-35. JSTOR

--------.  Agricultural Innovation in the Early Islamic World:  The Diffusion of Crops and Farming Techniques, 700-1100.  Cambridge, 1983.

White, Lynn, jr.  "The Historical Roots of Our Ecologic Crisis."  Science 155 (1967): 1203-1207.

Wikander, Örjan.  Exploitation of Water-power or Technological Stagnation?: A Reappraisal of the Productive Forces in the Roman Empire.  Lund, 1984.

Zupko, Ronald E. and Laures, Robert A.  Straws in the Wind: Medieval Urban Environmental Law, the Case of Northern Italy. Boulder, 1996.

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Revised 8 October 2000