Descriptive Statistics - Topics
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Descriptive Statistics Topics (in no particular order)

The following topics are part of descriptive statistics.  These are concepts that you will be responsible for understanding. 

  1. Sample
  2. Standard Deviation
  3. Stem and Leaf Diagram
  4. Median
  5. Interquartile Range
  6. Histogram
  7. Whisker
  8. Mean
  9. Quartiles
  10. Average
  11. Range
  12. Ordered Stem and Leaf Diagram
  13. Box Plot
  14. Outlier
  15. Frequency Distribution
  16. Population
  17. Relative Frequency Distribution
  18. Dot Diagram
  19. Variance
  20. Cumulative Frequency Plot
  21. Mode

 Participation Activity

A good place to start learning is by attempting to inventory what you know.  A good way to monitor your learning is to continually inventory what you know.   This activity is meant to promote such an inventorying process. 

  1. Prior knowledge:  This first step should be completed before the start of the descriptive statistics unit  For each concept, place it into the appropriate column of the table based on your prior knowledge.  If you have never heard of a concept, place it into the last column. The last column is clearly a guide for your learning.  The
  2. Monitoring your developing knowledge:  This second step can be completed at any point during or after the descriptive statistics unit.   Essentially, to complete step 2 - repeat step 1.  For example, upon completion of the "descriptive statistics" unit (i.e., after lectures and submission of hw #1 and project #1), complete step 1. 

Overall Pattern

Center / Central Tendency

Spread / Variability


Never Heard of it

Prior Knowledge



Current Knowledge




** The answers.  Generally, there are right answers to this exercise.  An instructor viewpoint on sorting these topics was presented during lecture.  The answers, however, can be found by reading between the lines in the textbook.  If questions still remain, you can attempt to resolve them via email or by attending office hours.