ESS 595, Fall 2009
Scientific Writing and Graphics

WEEK 1 - October 07

Basic Writing Skills

Discussion leaders: Steve and Ed

Gopen, G.D. and J.A. Swan 1990. The science of scientific writing. American Scientist 78(6), 550-558.

Orwell, G. Politics and the English Language. Horizon. April 1946.


WEEK 2 - October 14

What's Wrong with how Scientists Write?

Discussion leaders:

  • Robert Weekly and Caroline Pew - Hayes, 2 papers
  • Angie Pendergrass and Mike Warner - all the others

Avery, L. 1996. Write to reply. Nature 379, 293.

Camba, R. 2000. Start making sense. Nature 406, 461.

Gregory, M. 1992. The infectiousness of pompous prose Nature 360, 11-12.

Hayes, D.P. 1988. Speaking and writing: distinct patterns of word choice. Journal of memory and language 27, 572-585.

Hayes, D.P. 1992. The growing inaccessibility of science. Nature 356, 739-740

Knight, J. 2003. Clear as mud. Nature 423, 376-378.

Leather, S.R. 1996. The case for the passive voice. Nature 381, 467.

Maddox, J. 1986. What is the scientific literature? Nature 322, 681.

Maddox, J. 1990. Does the literature deserve the name? Nature 348, 191.


WEEK 3 - October 21

How the Mind Reads

Discussion leaders: Kristin Poinar and Eva Stueeken

Report: by Darci Snowden and Jessica Lundin

MacIntyre, M.E. 1997. Lucidity and science I. writing skills and the pattern-perception hypothesis. Interdisciplinary Science Reviews 22, 199-216.


WEEK 4 - October 28

Student Writing Practice

Discussion Leaders: Steve Warren and Ed Waddington

Report: by Ruschle Dadic and T.J. Fudge

Strunk, W. Jr., and E.B.White. 1959. Elements of style. Macmillan.

Student critiques of one anothers' AGU or GSA abstracts, or similar short texts.

  • Wednesday Oct 22, choose a partner.
  • Thursday Oct 22, exchange texts
  • Friday-Monday, edit partners's text and return it. Author makes revisions based on review.
  • Monday Oct 26, send original draft and revised text to Steve.
  • Wednesday October 28 in class we will review selected texts, and authors can explain the revisions.

WEEK 5 - November 4

Principles of Scientific Prose

Discussion leaders: Regina Carns and Nicholas Castle

Report: by Rhea George and Chris Terai

Alley, M. 1996. The craft of scientific writing. 3rd ed. Springer. Chapters 1-3.


WEEK 6 - November 11

Being Precise, Clear, Forthright, Familiar, Concise, and Fluid

Discussion leaders: Jessica Lundin and Nick Siler

Report: by Brian Smoliak

Alley, M. 1996. The craft of scientific writing. 3rd ed. Springer. Chapters 4-9, and Appendices.

Although November 11 is a formal holiday, we will meet at the regular time. However, the new location will be JHN 011.


WEEK 7 - November 19

Principles of Graph Construction

Discussion leaders: Brian Smoliak and Adam Campbell

Report: by Nick Siler and Regina Carns

Cleveland, W.S. 1994. The elements of graphing data. Hobart Press. Chapters 1-2.

Note time and date change

Thursday November 19, 1:30-3:00 ATG 610.

because of conflict on November 18 with Norbert Untersteiner's world premier of the Ice Station Alpha movie.

Film and Panel Discussion:  Drifting Station Alpha in the Arctic
3:30 pm  HUB 310


WEEK 8 - November 25

Graphical Methods

Discussion leaders: Abhi Ghosh and Yurong Luan

Report: by Ryan Eastman

Cleveland, W.S. 1994. The elements of graphing data.  Hobart Press.  Chapter 3. (Note separate color figures attached.)

Cleveland, W.S. and R. McGill. 1985. Graphical perception and graphical methods for analyzing scientific data. Science 229, 828-833


WEEK 9 - December 02

Student Powerpoint Practice

Discussion Leaders: Jonathan Toner and T.J. Fudge

Report: by Nick Castle

Student critiques of one anothers'  PowerPoint slides.


WEEK 10 - December 09

Discussion leaders: Sandra Penny and Caroline Pew

Report: by Angie Pendergrass

Sitting Down to Write

Alley, Michael, (1996). The craft of scientific writing. 3rd ed. Springer. Chapter 17. "Actually sitting down to write"

Writing Proposals

Chapin, P.G. (2004). Research projects and research proposals. Cambridge. Chapter 5, 61-97.

Authorship

Greene, M. (2007). The demise of the lone author. Nature 450, 1165.

OECD, O. (2007). Science, Technology and Industry: Scoreboard 2007. OECD Publishing.

Brown, R. (1994). No hitch-hikers. Nature, 369(6482), 601.

Byline Authors. ICMJE: Authorship and Contributorship. Retrieved December 13, 2009, from http://www.icmje.org/ethical_1author.html

Nature editors. (1997). Games people play with authors' names. Nature 387(6636), 831.

Stubbs, C. (1997). The serious business of listing authors. Nature, 388(6640), 320.

Nature editors. (2002). Thoughts on (dis)credits. Nature, 415(6874), 819. doi: 10.1038/415819a

Lawrence, P. A. (2002). Rank injustice. Nature, 415(6874), 835-836. doi: 10.1038/415835a

Pearson, H. (2006). Credit where credit's due. Nature, 440(7084), 591-592. doi: 10.1038/440591a

Nature editors. (1999) Policy on papers' contributors. Nature, 399(6735), 393. doi: 10.1038/20743

Nature editors. (2009) Authorship policies. Nature, 458(7242), 1078. doi: 10.1038/4581078a

Verhagen, J.V., K.J. Wallace, S.C. Collins, and T.R. Scott (2003). QUAD system offers fair shares to all authors. Nature, 426(6967), 602. doi: 10.1038/426602a.

Cham, J. (n.d.). The Author List: Giving Credit Where Credit is Due. Piled Higher
and Deeper
. Retrieved December 13, 2009, from
http://www.phdcomics.com/comics/archive print.php?comicid=562

Peer Review

Maddox, J. (1984). Privacy and the peer-review system. Nature 312, 497.

Wenneras, C. and Agnes Wolds. (1997). Nepotism and sexism in peer-review. Nature 387, 341-343.

Dalton, R. (2001). Peers under pressure. Nature 413, 102-104.

Grimm, D. (2005). Suggesting or excluding reviewers can help get your paper published. Science 309, 1974.

Nature Editors. (2005). Working double-blind. Nature 451, 605-606.

Maddox, J. (1995). Restoring good manners in research. Nature 376, 113.

Martinson, B.C. M.S. Anderson, and R. deVries. (2005). Scientists behaving badly. Nature 435, 737-738.

Citations

Lawrence, P.A. (2003). The politics of publication. Nature 422,359-261.

Untersteiner, N. (1995). Cite this letter! Physics Today, 48(4), 15&109. doi: 10.1063/1.2807969.

Hamilton, D.P.1991. Research papers: who's uncited now? Science 151, 25.

Ethics

Maddox, J. (1995). Restoring good manners in research. Nature 376, 113.

Martinson, B.C. M.S. Anderson, and R. deVries. (2005). Scientists behaving badly. Nature 435, 737-738.

Gopen and Swan (1990)
Orwell (1946)

Avery (1996)
Camba (2000)
Gregory (1992)
Hayes (1988)
Hayes (1992)
Knight (2003)
Leather (1996)
Maddox 1(986)
Maddox (1990)

McIntyre (1997)

Alley (1996) Chapter 1
Alley (1996) Chapter 2
Alley (1996) Chapter 3

Alley (1996) Chapter 4
Alley (1996) Chapter 5
Alley (1996) Chapter 6
Alley (1996) Chapter 7
Alley (1996) Chapter 8
Alley (1996) Chapter 9
Alley (1996) Appendices

Cleveland (1994) Chapter 1
Cleveland (1994) Chapter 2

Cleveland Chapter 3
Cleveland and McGill (1985)

Alley (1996) Chapter 17
Chapin (2004) Chapter 5
Authorship
Peer Review
Ethics
Untersteiner (1995) - Cite this Letter!
Who's not cited?